The Julang-1 (Chinese: 巨浪-1; pinyin: Jù Làng Yī; literally: 'Huge Wave-1', also known as the JL-1; NATO reporting name CSS-N-3) was China's first generation nuclear submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM).
|Julang-1 (JL-1), NATO : CSS-N-3|
JL-1 and JL-2.
|Manufacturer||Factory 307 (Nanjing Dawn Group)|
|Mass||14,700 kilograms (32,400 lb)|
|Length||10.7 metres (35 ft)|
|Width||1.4 metres (4.6 ft)|
|1,770 km (JL-1), 2,500 km (JL-1A)|
|Xia class submarine|
Research and development began in 1967 and detailed design in the early 1970s, with a first land launch 30 April 1982 and a sea launch from a Project 629A (Golf) class submarine on 12 October 1982. The general designer of the missile was Huang Weilu, and Chen Deren (Chinese: 陈德仁, 1922 - December 21, 2007) served as his deputy. The missile was assembled at Factory 307 (now Nanjing Dawn Group [南京晨光集团]).
The JL-1 was deployed on Xia class submarine in 1986. The Type 092 Xia class nuclear submarines have 12 launch tubes.
The JL-1 was initially tested and deployed on the PLAN's modified Golf class SSB. The Golf has since been modified again for further testing of other missiles, such as the JL-2, which has test-launched multiple times with varying levels of success.
The DF-21 appears to be a land-based version of the JL-1.
As of 2018, the JL-1 and its warheads are believed to have been retired and dismantled.
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