JAMA

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JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association is a peer-reviewed medical journal published 48 times a year by the American Medical Association. It publishes original research, reviews, and editorials covering all aspects of biomedicine. The journal was established in 1883 with Nathan Smith Davis as the founding editor.[1] The journal's interim editor-in-chief is Phil Fontanarosa, who succeeded Howard Bauchner of Boston University on July 1, 2021.

JAMA
JAMA Cover Image.png
DisciplineMedicine
LanguageEnglish
Edited byHoward C. Bauchner
Publication details
Former name(s)
Transactions of the American Medical Association; Councilor's Bulletin; Bulletin of the American Medical Association; Journal of the American Medical Association
History1883–present
Publisher
Frequency48/year
Delayed, after 6 months
56.272 (2020)
Standard abbreviations
ISO 4JAMA
Indexing
CODENJAMAAP
ISSN0098-7484 (print)
1538-3598 (web)
LCCN82643544
OCLC no.1124917
Until 1960:
ISSN0002-9955
Links

HistoryEdit

The journal was established in 1883 by the American Medical Association and superseded the Transactions of the American Medical Association.[2] Councilor's Bulletin was renamed the Bulletin of the American Medical Association, which later was absorbed by the Journal of the American Medical Association.[3] In 1960, the journal obtained its current title, JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association.[4][5] The journal is commonly referred to as JAMA.

Continuing medical educationEdit

Continuing Education Opportunities for Physicians was a semiannual journal section providing lists for regional or national levels of continuing medical education (CME). Between 1937 and 1955, the list was produced either quarterly or semiannually. Between 1955 and 1981, the list was available annually, as the number of CME offerings increased from 1,000 (1955) to 8,500 (1981). In 2016, CME transitioned into a digital offering from the JAMA Network called JN Learning CME & MOC from JAMA Network.[6] JN Learning provides CME and MOC credit from article and audio materials published within all 12 JAMA Network journals, including JAMA.

Publication of article by Barack ObamaEdit

On 11 July 2016, JAMA published an article by Barack Obama entitled, United States Health Care Reform: Progress to Date and Next Steps,[7] which was the first academic paper ever published by a sitting U.S. president.[8] The article was not subject to blind peer-review. It argued for specific policies that future presidents could pursue in order to improve national health care reform implementation.[9]

Policy shiftEdit

After the controversial 1999 firing of an editor-in-chief, George D. Lundberg, a process was put in place to ensure editorial freedom. A seven-member journal oversight committee was created to evaluate the editor-in-chief and to help ensure editorial independence. Since its inception, the committee has met at least once a year. Presently, JAMA policy states that article content should be attributed to authors, not to the publisher.[10][11][12][13]

ArtworkEdit

From 1964 to 2013, the JAMA journal used images of artwork on its cover and it published essays commenting on the artwork.[14] According to former editor George Lundberg, this practice was designed to link the humanities and medicine.[15] In 2013, a format redesign moved the art feature to an inside page, replacing an image of the artwork on the cover with a table of contents.[14] The purpose of the redesign was to standardize the appearance of all journals in the JAMA Network.[16]

Racism controversyEdit

In a February 2021 podcast, deputy JAMA editor Ed Livingston proposed that "structural racism is an unfortunate term to describe a very real problem" and that "taking racism out of the conversation would help" to ensure "all people who lived in disadvantaged circumstances have equal opportunities to become successful and have better qualities of life".[17] JAMA's tweet promoting the podcast posed the Socratic question "No physician is racist, so how can there be structural racism in health care?"[18] Livingston's comments and the JAMA tweet were immediately criticized by some in the medical community, resulting in the deletion of both the podcast and promotional tweet.[19][18] Editor-in-chief Bauchner issued a statement saying "Comments made in the podcast were inaccurate, offensive, hurtful, and inconsistent with the standards of JAMA", and Livingston resigned. Bauchner was placed on administrative leave, and also subsequently resigned [19]

Some doctors and researchers have publicly announced their refusal to submit manuscripts to JAMA until its issues with racial disparities in medicine are addressed.[18] A group of doctors requested that the AMA investigate the editorial staff and board, and began a petition that calls for editorial changes at JAMA and for a formal review of Bauchner's actions.[19] The JAMA interim editor published a joint statement with other JAMA Network editors outlining priorities and approaches to promote diversity, equity, and inclusion in the journals.[20] Public commenters noted that the resignation of the 2 editors was an unfortunate substitute for meaningful conversations about racism and health care.[21] [22]

Previous chief editorsEdit

The following persons have been editor-in-chief of JAMA:[23]

Abstracting and indexingEdit

The JAMA journal is abstracted and indexed in:

According to Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2020 impact factor of 56.272, ranking it 3rd out of 169 journals in the category "Medicine, General & Internal".[32]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "AMA history". The American Medical Association. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association". Ulrichsweb. Retrieved 2014-12-27.
  3. ^ a b "CAS Source Index". Chemical Abstracts Service. American Chemical Society. Archived from the original on 2010-02-11. Retrieved 2014-12-27.
  4. ^ a b "JAMA". NLM Catalog. National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved 2014-12-27.
  5. ^ "JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association". Library of Congress Catalog. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2014-12-27.
  6. ^ "JN Learning".
  7. ^ Obama, Barack (July 11, 2016). "United States Health Care Reform - Progress to Date and Next Steps". JAMA. 316 (5): 525–532. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.9797. PMC 5069435. PMID 27400401.
  8. ^ "Obama becomes first sitting president to publish an academic paper". Business Insider. 14 July 2016. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  9. ^ #ObamaJAMA: Obama Just Became the First Sitting President to Publish an Academic Paper, Kelly Dickerson, July 13, 2016, Mic.com, https://mic.com/articles/148595/obamajama-obama-academic-paper-made-history#.zNIXflcV4
  10. ^ Holden, Constance (15 January 1999). "JAMA Editor Gets the Boot". Science Now. Science.
  11. ^ Kassirer, Jerome P. (27 May 1999). "Editorial Independence". The New England Journal of Medicine. 340 (21): 1671–2. doi:10.1056/NEJM199905273402109. PMID 10341280.
  12. ^ JAMA & Archives Conditions of Use Archived December 12, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ Signatories of the Editorial Governance Plan (16 June 1999). "Editorial Governance for JAMA". JAMA. 281 (26): 2240–2. doi:10.1001/jama.281.23.2240.
  14. ^ a b Levine, Jefferey M. (6 November 2013). "JAMA removes cover art, and why that matters". KevinMD.com.
  15. ^ Showalter E (1999). "Commentary: An inconclusive study". BMJ. 319 (7225): 1603–1605. doi:10.1136/bmj.319.7225.1603. PMC 28304. PMID 10600956.
  16. ^ Henry R, Bauchner H (2013). "JAMA gets a new look!". JAMA. 310 (1): 39. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.7053.
  17. ^ "JAMA Podcast Transcript: NRSG-515-1: Race, Health, and US History - Spring 2021". canvas.emory.edu. Retrieved 2021-07-18.
  18. ^ a b c Lee, Stephanie M. (March 1, 2021). "After JAMA Questioned Racism In Medicine, Scientists Are Boycotting". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved March 1, 2021.
  19. ^ a b c Mandavilli, Apoorva (2021-03-25). "JAMA Editor Placed on Leave Following Racial Controversy". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-03-26.
  20. ^ Fontanarosa, Phil B. (June 3, 2021). "Equity and the JAMA Network". JAMA. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.9377. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  21. ^ Zorn, Eric. "Column: Can we talk? JAMA's 'racism' controversy says the answer is no". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved 2021-07-18.
  22. ^ Henninger, Daniel (2021-06-02). "Opinion | Banning Critical Race Theory". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2021-07-18.
  23. ^ American Medical Association (2015). "JAMA Masthead". JAMA. 313 (14): 1397–1398. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.11680.
  24. ^ Gunby,Phil, Hugh Hussey, MD, former JAMA editor, dead at 71, JAMA, December 10, 1982, JAMA. 1982;248(22):2952. doi:10.1001/jama.1982.03330220012004
  25. ^ Dr. Hugh H. Hussey, Dean Emeritus at GU, The Washington Post, November 11, 1982
  26. ^ a b c d "Master Journal List". Intellectual Property & Science. Thomson Reuters. Retrieved 2014-12-27.
  27. ^ "Serials cited". CAB Abstracts. CABI. Retrieved 2014-12-27.
  28. ^ "CINAHL Complete Database Coverage List". CINAHL. EBSCO Information Services. Retrieved 2014-12-27.
  29. ^ "Serials cited". Global Health. CABI. Retrieved 2014-12-27.
  30. ^ "PsychINFO Journal Coverage". American Psychological Association. Retrieved 2014-12-27.
  31. ^ "Serials cited". Tropical Diseases Bulletin. CABI. Retrieved 2014-12-27.
  32. ^ "Journals Ranked by Impact: Medicine, General & Internal". 2021 Release of Journal Citation Reports™. Web of Science (Science ed.). Clarivate Analytics. 2021.

External linksEdit