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J-Wave is a commercial radio station based in Tokyo, Japan, broadcasting on 81.3 FM from the Tokyo Skytree to the Tokyo area. J-Wave airs mostly music, covering a wide range of formats. The station is considered the most popular among FM broadcasts in Tokyo, and has surprised the radio broadcast industry by gaining a higher popularity rate than an AM station (JOQR) in a survey conducted in June 2008. J-Wave was founded in October 1988 with the callsign of JOAV-FM. It is a member station of the Japan FM League (JFL) commercial radio network.
|Broadcast area||Greater Tokyo Area|
|Slogan||"The Best Music on the Planet"|
|Translator(s)||Minato 88.3 MHz|
|First air date||August 1, 1988 (as FM Japan)|
|Affiliations||Japan FM League|
|Owner||J-Wave Inc. (owned by Credit Saison, Nippon Broadcasting System, Kyodo News, and other stakeholders)|
|Webcast||J-Wave on radiko|
J-Wave on Ustream
J-WAVE's slogan is "The Best Music on the Planet." The DJs are known as "navigator" (ナビゲーター nabigētā). The music format can be considered a Japanese equivalent of the Western concept of Top 40 or CHR radio.
Hundreds of different jingles separate programs from commercials; they are generally played at the same decibel level and are variations on a single melody. J-Wave has been broadcast via satellite since 1994 and some of its programs also air on some community radio stations in Japan.
On December 10, 1987, J-WAVE was incorporated and started test broadcasts on the FM band at 81.3 MHz on August 1, 1988. On October 1 of that year at 5:00 a.m., it started transmission from Tokyo Tower. J-Wave was the 27th FM radio station nationwide to launch at that time, and the second in Tokyo. The name”J-WAVE” originally derived from a record shop WAVE in Roppongi, which also belonged to "Saison Group". While other radio stations focused more on presentation, J-WAVE adopted a "more music less talk" format. The station had a large fanbase because of its unusual programming style, playing music non-stop except for jingles and breaks for news, traffic and weather. The law in Japan at that time stipulated that programming had to be maximum 80% music, and minimum 20% talk and continuity. J-WAVE coined the term "J-pop", which is only vaguely defined. However, as the years went by, the station lost influence. Sponsor after sponsor pulled their ads because of the growing irrelevance of the programming to what they were selling.
Around 1995, J-WAVE hired new personalities in an attempt to rejuvenate itself. Its term "J-POP" became synonymous with commercially palatable Japanese music from across the spectrum, except for traditional Japanese music. Specials started to air around this time, and the station took steps to attract a listener base desirable for higher ad revenues. The format J-WAVE introduced to Japan, "more music less talk" almost disappeared during reorganization in early 1997, when DJ banter became more pronounced.
On October 1, 2003, J-WAVE moved its head office to the 33rd floor of the Roppongi Hills Mori Tower in Minato, Tokyo. On April 23, 2012, J-WAVE moved its transmitting station at Tokyo Tower to the Tokyo Sky Tree with new transmission power of 7 kilowatts with an ERP of 57 kilowatts. Before the move, the transmission power was 10 kilowatts with an ERP of 44 kilowatts.
Today, J-WAVE has changed dramatically since its first broadcast. The station acquired a solid listener base who were less interested in a pretense of social rebellion. Nonetheless, J-Wave has never hit the No. 1 rank in ratings in the last ten years[when?] in the Tokyo region.
Tokio Hot 100Edit
J-WAVE has set up its own airplay charts, which tallies the songs were played the most during that week on its own station. Note: These should not be confused with the Japanese single charts, Oricon, which has its own national airplay charts.
Song of the year (Slam Jam)Edit
- 1988: U2 — "Desire"
- 1989: Prince — "Batdance"
- 1990: Madonna — "Vogue"
- 1991: Stevie B — "Because I Love You (The Postman Song)"
- 1992: Shanice — "I Love Your Smile"
- 1993: Mariah Carey — "Dreamlover"
- 1994: Big Mountain — "Baby I Love Your Way"
- 1995: Diana King — "Shy Guy"
- 1996: Eric Clapton — "Change the World"
- 1997: Jamiroquai — "Cosmic Girl"
- 1998: Celine Dion — "My Heart Will Go On"
- 1999: Jamiroquai — "Canned Heat"
- 2000: Madonna — "Music"
- 2001: Janet Jackson — "All for You"
- 2002: Underworld — "Two Months Off"
- 2003: Beyoncé Knowles featuring Jay-Z — "Crazy in Love"
- 2004: Avril Lavigne — "Don't Tell Me"
- 2005: Def Tech — "My Way"
- 2006: Sharlene — "Sweeta Sweeta"
- 2007: Beyoncé — Irreplaceable
- 2008: Leona Lewis - Bleeding Love
- Condry, Ian (2006). Hip-hop Japan. Duke University Press. p. 175. ISBN 0-8223-3892-0.
- "J-Wave has drawn considerable attention in the industry with the 'phenomenal overtaking by an FM station of AM'", reported ZAKZAK, an internet news branch of Sankei Digital on 2008-07-23. It said that J-Wave ranked fourth with 0.9% share, overtaking Nippon Cultural Broadcasting (0.8%).(in Japanese)
- Kuniko Watenabe; Yuko Tsuchiya (2008). "Japan". In Indrajit Banerjee; Stephen Logan (eds.). Asian Communication Handbook 2008. AMIC. p. 240. ISBN 981-4136-10-7.
- "81.3 FM RADIO". TOKIO HOT100 : J-WAVE 81.3 FM RADIO.
- "オリコンランキング". ORICON NEWS.
- Official website (in Japanese)
- Links to other Japan FM League stations on J-Wave website (in Japanese)