Jökulsá á Dal

Jökulsá á Dal, (Icelandic pronunciation: ​[ˈjœːkʏlsˌauː au ˈtaːl̥]) also called Jökulsá á Brú [ˈpruː] or Jökla,[1] [ˈjœʰkla] is a river in the northeast of Iceland.

Jökulsá á Dal
Jökulsá á Brú, Jökla
Brú á Jöklu.jpg
Building of a bridge over the Jökulsá á Dal at Kárahnjúkar, 2004
Location
CountryIceland
RegionEastern Region
Physical characteristics
SourceVatnajökull (Brúarjökull outlet glacier)
Length150 km (93 mi)
Basin size3,700 km2 (1,400 sq mi)

Of its original length of 150 km (making it the longest river in Iceland's Eastern Region),[1] 25 km are now part of the artificial lake Hálslón created for the Kárahnjúkar Hydropower Plant. This reduced the river's discharge from 205 m³/s to 95 m³/s, consisting of water from tributaries below the dam. Before construction of the dam, the river used to transport approximately 120 t of sediment per hour into the North Atlantic. The water from the reservoir is now redirected into Lagarfljót.

Due to the strong current, fording of the Jökulsá á Dal isn't possible. The first bridge across it was built in 1625. The bridge on Iceland's Route 1 (Hringvegur) was built in 1994, when the road to Egilsstaðir was upgraded. The previous bridge still stands, some distance downstream.

In the novel Independent People by Icelandic author Halldór Laxness, the protagonist Bjartur rides through the river on a reindeer.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Jökulsá á Brú" (in Icelandic). Nordic Adventure Travel. Retrieved 2014-09-08.
  2. ^ Sabine Barth: Island (= DuMont-Reise-Taschenbücher. 2064). DuMont, Köln 1993, ISBN 3-7701-2818-4, p. 168.

Coordinates: 65°39′16″N 14°18′44″W / 65.65444°N 14.31222°W / 65.65444; -14.31222