József Heszlényi

  (Redirected from József Vitéz Heszlényi)

József Vitéz Heszlényi (Heyszl; 24 July 1890, Igló, Szepes (county) – 2 June 1945) was a Hungarian General during World War II and commander of the 3rd Hungarian Army.

József Heszlényi
József Vitéz Heszlényi.jpg
Born(1890-07-24)24 July 1890
Igló, Szepes County, Kingdom of Hungary (now Spišská Nová Ves, Slovakia)
Died2 June 1945(1945-06-02) (aged 54)
Zwettl, Allied-occupied Austria
German War Cemetery in Allentsteig, Lower Austria
Allegiance Austria-Hungary (to 1918)
Hungary Kingdom of Hungary
Service/branchAustro-Hungarian Army
Royal Hungarian Army
Years of service1911–1945
RankVezérezredes (Colonel General)
Commands heldIV Corps
Third Army
Battles/warsWorld War I
World War II

On May 8, 1945 Heszlényi, along with his son József Heszlényi Jr., who served on the staff of his father, were captured by American troops. Heszlényi was then handed over to the Soviets, where he committed suicide by cutting his wrists with a razor blade on June 2, 1945 in Zwettl, Austria. On June 19, 1945 a military tribunal posthumously demoted and dishonorably discharged Heszlényi from the Hungarian Army.

Military careerEdit

  • Commanding Officer 23rd Infantry Brigade, November 1938 - 1 March 1940
  • Commanding Officer 2nd Motorized Brigade, 1 March 1940 - 1 November 1940
  • Deputy Chief of Supply Bureau, Ministry of Defense, 1 November 1940 - 1 May 1941
  • Chief of Supply Bureau, Ministry of Defense (HM/III), 1 May 1941 - 1 May 1942
  • Chief of Main Supply Bureau, Ministry of Defense, 1 May 1942 - December 1942
  • G.O.C. IV. Army Corps, December 1942 - September 1944
  • Acting Commander-in-Chief, 3rd Army



  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6.
  • Kovács, Attila Ótott (2006). Die ungarischen Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes. Ranis: Scherzers Militaer-Verl. ISBN 978-3-938845-02-8.
Military offices
Preceded by
Lieutenant-General Károly Beregfy
Commander of the Hungarian Third Army
September 19, 1944 – May 8, 1945
Succeeded by