Ivy Ruth Taylor (born June 17, 1970) is an American politician and urban planner who served as the mayor of San Antonio, Texas from 2014 through 2017. She was a nonpartisan officeholder, although she is registered as a Democrat. She was also the first African American to be elected mayor of San Antonio and only the second woman in that position. In addition, Taylor was the first female African-American mayor of a city with a population of more than one million.
|Mayor of San Antonio|
July 22, 2014 – June 21, 2017
|Preceded by||Julian Castro|
|Succeeded by||Ron Nirenberg|
|Member of the San Antonio City Council from District 2|
|Born||June 17, 1970|
New York City, New York
|Political party||Nonpartisan (as officeholder) |
Democratic as registered member
|Alma mater||Yale University (A.B., 1992)|
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (MCRP, 1998)
- 1 Early life
- 2 College
- 3 Career
- 4 Election history
- 5 Tenure
- 6 Awards
- 7 Personal life
- 8 Electoral history
- 9 San Antonio mayoral election, 2015
- 10 San Antonio mayoral election, 2017
- 11 References
Taylor's parents moved to New York City from Wilmington, North Carolina. Her mother was a member of the Pentecostal Holiness Church. Her parents did not attend college and divorced when she was young.
Taylor was born in the Brooklyn borough of New York. She told Texas Monthly, "I was born in Brooklyn, but I grew up in Queens". She attended Public School 95 (Eastwood) in the Jamaica neighborhood.
Taylor obtained a bachelor's degree in American Studies in 1992 from Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, and a master's degree in City and Regional Planning in 1998 from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Taylor was initiated into Delta Sigma Theta during her time at Yale. In 1997, as a graduate student, Taylor participated in a ten-week internship with the San Antonio Affordable Housing Association, a coalition of affordable-housing groups.
In 1999, after graduation, Taylor returned to San Antonio and began working as the municipal community development coordinator in the Housing and Community Development Department. After six years of employment with the City of San Antonio, Taylor in August 2004, went to work for Merced Housing Texas, an affordable housing agency. She also served on the City Planning Commission as a commission member from 2006 to 2008. She has also served on the board of directors for the Urban Renewal Agency (San Antonio Development Agency), and Haven for Hope. She serves on the board of directors for the Martinez Street Women's Center.
San Antonio City Council and mayoral appointmentEdit
Taylor was elected to San Antonio City Council in 2009 to represent District 2 on the east side of the city, and was re-elected to the body in 2011 and 2013. Taylor was appointed as mayor by the San Antonio City Council to serve in the interim following Julian Castro's departure to serve as the United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development during the presidency of Barack Obama. Castro was named in May 2014 to the Obama Cabinet and therefore was obligated to vacate his position as mayor. The charter of the City of San Antonio requires that in the event of a mayoral vacancy, the replacement mayor must be elected by and from the other ten members of the council with a majority of six votes. On July 22, 2014, the members of the San Antonio City Council held a special election to fill the vacant position. After Taylor and fellow councilman Ray Lopez split the vote 5-3 in favor of Taylor, Lopez withdrew from consideration, and Taylor was elected with a 9-0 vote. Once Taylor was elected, Castro immediately resigned as mayor.
2015 San Antonio mayoral raceEdit
Taylor had initially said that she would not run for mayor when her interim term expired in 2015; however, she declared her candidacy for re-election on February 16, 2015. In the San Antonio mayoral election held on May 9, 2015, no candidate received a majority of the vote. A runoff election was held on June 13 between Taylor and her remaining rival, Leticia Van de Putte, a liberal Democratic former member of the Texas Senate and the Texas House of Representatives. Though Van de Putte narrowly led the field in the first round of balloting, Taylor went on to win, 51.7%–48.3%, and hence retain her position as mayor for a full two-year term.
2017 San Antonio mayoral raceEdit
On November 13, 2016, Taylor officially announced her intention to run for a second full term as mayor. Elections were held May 6, 2017. She advanced to a runoff on June 10, 2017 where she was defeated by city councilman Ron Nirenberg.
In 2013, while on the city council, Taylor voted against a nondiscrimination ordinance approved by the council that would expand the city's then current nondiscrimination policy to prohibit discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, gender identity and veteran status. Upon taking office as mayor in 2014, Taylor developed and created the city's Office of Diversity and Inclusion to handle complaints under the city's non-discrimination regulations and to facilitate resolution of these disputes. She also helped to kill a streetcar system for downtown San Antonio, which many fiscal conservatives had opposed.
Though she considers herself an independent politician, Taylor is a registered Democrat because she votes in party primaries. Taylor has described herself as both "fiscally conservative and socially conservative." United States Senator John Cornyn accompanied Taylor to the 2016 Martin Luther King, Jr. Day parade in San Antonio and has urged her to join the GOP and to consider a later run for governor.
Taylor's husband, Rodney Taylor, operates a bail bonds business in San Antonio and has one daughter, Morgan. The Taylors live in the Dignowity Hill neighborhood on the east side of the city.
Since 2009, Taylor has been a guest lecturer at the University of Texas at San Antonio College of Public Policy.
- "Ivy Taylor: Vice President/Director of Resident Services at Merced Housing Texas". LinkedIn. Mountain View, California. Retrieved June 24, 2015.
- "Application for a place on the City of San Antonio General Election Ballot" (PDF). City of San Antonio. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- Svitek, Patrick (June 14, 2015). "Taylor's San Antonio Win a Wake-Up Call for Democrats". Texas Tribune. Austin, Texas. Retrieved June 24, 2015.
- Rauf, David Saleh (June 16, 2016). "Democratic party touts the leadership of large municipal mayors". San Antonio Express-News. Retrieved June 17, 2016.
- Selby, W. Gardner (August 6, 2014). "With Ivy Taylor, San Antonio is largest U.S. city to ever have African American female mayor". PolitiFact.com. Retrieved May 20, 2016.
- Rivard, Robert (July 30, 2014). "San Antonio's New Mayor, Ivy Taylor". therivardreport.com. Rivard Report. Retrieved August 6, 2014.
- Russell, Jan Jarboe (January 2015). "The Anti-Castro". Texas Monthly. Austin, Texas. Retrieved June 24, 2015.
When Julián Castro resigned as mayor last July to become United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, the city council chose Taylor to serve out his term. In that moment, Taylor made history as San Antonio became the largest city in the United States ever to have a black, female mayor. Her appointment defied the demographics of the city, which is overwhelmingly Latino and only 7 percent black.
- Baugh, Josh (July 22, 2014). "San Antonio chooses Ivy Taylor as new mayor". San Antonio Express-News. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved August 6, 2014.
- "Mayor Ivy R. Taylor". City of San Antonio. Retrieved June 24, 2015.
- Baugh, Josh (February 16, 2015). "Mayor Ivy Taylor declares candidacy". San Antonio Express-News. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
- Superville, Darlene (May 23, 2014). "Obama to announce Julian Castro for housing secretary post". PBS. Associated Press. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
- "Mayor Castro Goes to Washington". San Antonio magazine. July 22, 2014. Retrieved June 24, 2015.
- Baker, Jeremy (July 22, 2014). "How Tuesday's interim mayoral vote will work". KENS. Gannett Company. Retrieved August 6, 2014.
- Baugh, Josh (July 22, 2014). "Ivy Taylor becomes mayor". San Antonio Express-News. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved August 6, 2014.
- "Municipal elections in San Antonio, Texas (2015)". Ballotpedia. Retrieved November 18, 2016.
- "BEXAR COUNTY, TEXAS Unofficial Results RUNOFF ELECTION". Bexar County Elections Office. San Antonio, Texas. June 13, 2015. Retrieved June 24, 2015.
- "Ivy Taylor Elected Mayor of San Antonio in Runoff". ABC News. June 14, 2015. Archived from the original on June 26, 2015. Retrieved June 14, 2015.
- "Mayor Taylor Announces Re-election Bid - KTSA". KTSA. November 14, 2016. Archived from the original on November 7, 2016. Retrieved November 16, 2016.
- Baugh, Josh (November 13, 2016). "Mayor announces re-election campaign". San Antonio Express-News. Retrieved November 16, 2016.
- "City of San Antonio NDO facts sheet" (PDF). City of San Antonio. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
- "Office of Diversity and Inclusion Supports "One San Antonio" Goals". City of San Antonio News Release. March 6, 2015.
- Garcia, Gilbert (January 22, 2016). "Taylor locks arms with GOP, at least for a day". San Antonio Express-News. Hearst Corporation.
- Garcia, Juan A. (July 25, 2014). "My Neighbor, Now My Mayor, Ivy Taylor". Rivard Report. San Antonio, Texas. Retrieved June 24, 2015.
- Rivard, Robert (June 14, 2015). "Taylor Becomes San Antonio's First Elected Black Mayor". therivardreport.com. Rivard Report. Retrieved June 14, 2015.
| Mayor of San Antonio