Iulia Motoc

  (Redirected from Iulia Antoanella Motoc)

Iulia Antoanella Motoc is a Romanian lawyer and international law expert, currently a Judge at the European Court of Human Rights and a professor at the University of Bucharest. Before beginning her service at the Court, she served as a Judge at the Constitutional Court of Romania. Motoc was UN Special Rapporteur for the Democratic Republic of the Congo and she chaired a number of international experts bodies and was Vice-President of the UN Human Rights Committee. On 1 October 2013, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe elected Motoc a Judge of the European Court of Human Rights with respect to Romania.[2] She received an absolute majority of votes cast by parliamentarians. Her nine-year term of office began on December 18, 2013.

Iulia Antoanella Motoc
Professor Universitar Dr. Iulia Motoc.jpg
Judge at the European Court of Human Rights
Assumed office
18 December 2013
Nominated byParliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe
Preceded byCorneliu Birsan
Judge at the Constitutional Court of Romania
In office
?? 2010 – 17 December 2013
Personal details
Born (1967-08-20) August 20, 1967 (age 53)[1]
Timișoara, Romania
Spouse(s)Mihnea Motoc
ChildrenLuca-Mihnea Motoc
OccupationJudge at European Court of Human Rights, professor and lawyer
Iulia Motoc at ECHR

Early life and educationEdit

Iulia Motoc was born in Timișoara. She graduated from the School of Law at the University of Bucharest. Iulia Antoanella Motoc holds a master's degree from the Paul Cézanne University School of Law, Aix-Marseille (1991) a doctorate in international law from Paul Cézanne University, Aix-Marseille (summa cum laude) in 1996 an habilitation in law from Jean Monnet Department University of Paris-Sud (1998) in and a doctorate in ethics from the University of Bucharest, Department of Philosophy (1999). Iulia Motoc was fellow in philosophy to the Institut für die Wissenschaften vom Menschen, Vienna (1999) and to the Yale School of Law (2004–2007).


In RomaniaEdit

Iulia Motoc was a magistrate in Romania, prosecutor, and judge (1989–1995). In 1995 she passed the full registration exam for judges. In 1996 she was admitted as a lawyer in the Bucharest Bar. After which she joined the University of Bucharest, as a teaching assistant and later becoming a full Professor in 2002. She was a member of the Presidential Commission for Analysis of the Constitution (2007–2008) and rapporteur for the chapter on human rights. Motoc was elected judge at the Constitutional Court of Romania in 2010. She held this position until she became a judge at the European Court of Human Rights at the end of 2013.

UNCHR career and other international activitiesEdit

Iulia Motoc became a member of the United Nations Subcommission on Human Rights in 1996, first as an alternate and in 2000–2001 she served as a President of United Nations Subcommission on Human Rights. She has co-authored the Working Paper on Free, Prior and Informed Consent of the Indigenous People which was incorporated in the UN Declaration for Indigenous People. Motoc was on the co-author of the UN Guidelines principles for Extreme poverty. She was the UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Human Genome, author of the first reports of the United Nations in the field of genetics (2004–2007). She was UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights for the Democratic Republic of Congo (2001–2004). In this capacity she has visited the Democratic Republic of Congo in a conflict area and she has reported on the massive violations of human rights quoted including by International Criminal Court Prosecutor. In 2003 the report of Iulia Motoc stated "By their magnitude, the violations of human rights in the Democratic Republic of Congo cover all the violations contained in the articles of the Rome Statute of the ICC relating to genocide, crimes against humanity and crimes war. These provisions could constitute the legal framework of the violations found in the country, as these violations create a frightening picture of the situation of human rights in the most serious world."[3] Iulia Motoc was elected member of the Advisory Committee for the Protection of National Minorities (1998–2004) and (2008–2012). She was a member of the Fundamental Rights Agency of the European Union (2010–2012) and Motoc was also an arbiter with ICSID, Washington (2008–2014).

Academic careerEdit

Iulia Motoc is Professor of International Law and European Law at the University of Bucharest since 2002. She was Director (Romania) of the European Master on Human Rights and Democratization, European Inter-University Centre for Human Rights and Democratization, Venise (2007–2015). Iulia Motoc was teaching at New York University School of Law (2002–2003) where she was Senior Jean Monnet Fellow. She has also taught at St-Thomas University in Miami (2001–2003) and she was Special Guest Professor at the European Academy oh Human Rights at the European Institute in Florence (2006). Iulia Motoc is Research Professor, Institute for Research in International and European Law, Sorbonne (2012–2014). At the European Court of Human Rights, Iulia Motoc has created a group of international law. She also initiated joint conferences between the European Society of International Law and the European Court of Human Rights.[4]


Selected publicationsEdit

  • Migration and the European Convention on Human Rights (co-editors Ledi Bianku and Basak Cali), Oxford University Press, forthcoming 2020
  • The ECHR and General International Law, Oxford University Press, 2018 (co-editor Anne van Aaken)
  • New Developments in Constitutional Law, Eleven International Publishing
  • The impact of the European Court of Human Rights and the case-law of democratic change and development in Eastern Europe, editors Iulia Motoc and Ineta Ziemele, Cambridge University, 2016;
  • Internationalist doctrines during real communism in Europe, UMR Comparative Law, Sorbonne, Society of Comparative Legislation Publishing House, 2012 (co-editor Emmanuelle Jouannet);
  • Women's rights as human rights from universal to regional, University of Bucharest, 2009, (ed.);
  • The International Law of Genetic Discrimination: The Power of "Never Again" in Thérèse Murphy (ed.), New Technologies and Human Rights, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2009;
  • Pleading for Human Rights, Centre for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, University Pantheon-Assas II, University of Bucharest Publishing House, 2008 (in French);
  • Conception of Pluralism and International Law in E. Jouannet, H.R. Fabri V. Tomcievitz, ESIL procedures, Selected Procedures of European Society of International Law, What's the use for *International Law, Hart, Oxford, 2008;
  • State and Individual Responsibility: controversial aspects of the right to democracy, in The State's Responsibility, Academy of International Law, Thesaurus Acroasium, Sakkoulas, Thessaloniki, 2006;
  • The role of the UN Special Rapporteurs in relation to States, in Emmanuel Decaux, United Nations and Human Rights, Pedone Publishing House, Paris, 2006;
  • About Democracy: Normative Challenges to the International Legal System, in S.Griller (eds.), International Economic Governance and Non-Economic Issues, Springer Wien New York, 2003 (co-author G.H.H. Weiler);
  • Public International Law, University of Bucharest, 1996, reprint, 2002 (co-author) (in French);
  • Use of Force in Public International Law, Exceptions to Article 2*4 of the UN Charter in the practice of the Security Council, Babel Publishing House, Bucharest, 1997 (in French).


  • National Order "Star of Romania" in the rank of Knight;
  • Order of Saints Constantine and Helena;

See alsoEdit

Personal lifeEdit

Iulia Antoanella Motoc is married to former Minister of Defense Mihnea Motoc, and they have a son.[5]

In her free time, she has written and published a short fiction novel at the end of 2020, "Maria Și Machiavelli".[6]


  • K. Koufa, Preface, Pladoyer pour les droits de l'homme, Universite Pantheon-Assas Paris 2, Universite de Bucharest, 2008 ISBN 978-973-737-567-4
  • Challenges in Aid to Rape Victims: the Case of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • M BOSMANS – Essex Human Rights Review, 2007
  • Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung on 19 June 2006
  • S Zleptnig – International and Comparative Law Quarterly, 2008 – Cambridge Univ Press
  • J Carino – Arizona Journal of International and Comparative Law, 2005 – R McMahon – Transitions Online, 2005 – CEEOL


External linksEdit