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Francium (87Fr) has no stable isotopes. A standard atomic weight cannot be given. Its most stable isotope is 223Fr with a half-life of 22 minutes, occurring in trace quantities as an intermediate decay product of 235U.

Main isotopes of francium (87Fr)
Iso­tope Decay
abun­dance half-life (t1/2) mode pro­duct
221Fr trace 4.8 min α 217At
222Fr syn 14.2 min β 222Ra
223Fr trace 22.00 min β 223Ra
α 219At

Of elements whose most stable isotopes have been identified with certainty, francium is the most unstable. All elements with atomic number of 106 (seaborgium) or greater have most-stable-known isotopes shorter than that of francium, but those elements have only a relatively small number of isotopes discovered. The possibility remains that undiscovered isotopes of these elements may have longer half-lives.

List of isotopesEdit

Nuclide
[n 1]
Historic
name
Z N Isotopic mass (u)
[n 2][n 3]
Half-life
[n 4]
Decay
mode

[n 5]
Daughter
isotope

Spin and
parity
[n 6][n 4]
Isotopic
abundance
Excitation energy[n 4]
199Fr 87 112 199.00726(4) 16(7) ms 1/2+#
200Fr 87 113 200.00657(8) 24(10) ms α 196At 3+#
200mFr 60(110) keV 650(210) ms α 196At 10−#
IT (rare) 200Fr
201Fr 87 114 201.00386(8) 67(3) ms α (99%) 197At (9/2−)
β+ (1%) 201Rn
202Fr 87 115 202.00337(5) 290(30) ms α (97%) 198At (3+)
β+ (3%) 202Rn
202mFr 330(90)# keV 340(40) ms α (97%) 198At (10−)
β+ (3%) 202Rn
203Fr 87 116 203.000925(17) 0.55(2) s α (95%) 199At (9/2−)#
β+ (5%) 203Rn
204Fr 87 117 204.000653(26) 1.7(3) s α (96%) 200At (3+)
β+ (4%) 204Rn
204m1Fr 50(4) keV 2.6(3) s α (90%) 200At (7+)
β+ (10%) 204Rn
204m2Fr 326(4) keV 1.7(6) s (10−)
205Fr 87 118 204.998594(8) 3.80(3) s α (99%) 201At (9/2−)
β+ (1%) 205Rn
206Fr 87 119 205.99867(3) ~16 s β+ (58%) 206Rn (2+, 3+)
α (42%) 202At
206m1Fr 190(40) keV 15.9(1) s (7+)
206m2Fr 730(40) keV 700(100) ms (10−)
207Fr 87 120 206.99695(5) 14.8(1) s α (95%) 203At 9/2−
β+ (5%) 207Rn
208Fr 87 121 207.99714(5) 59.1(3) s α (90%) 204At 7+
β+ (10%) 208Rn
209Fr 87 122 208.995954(16) 50.0(3) s α (89%) 205At 9/2−
β+ (11%) 209Rn
210Fr 87 123 209.996408(24) 3.18(6) min α (60%) 206At 6+
β+ (40%) 210Rn
211Fr 87 124 210.995537(23) 3.10(2) min α (80%) 207At 9/2−
β+ (20%) 211Rn
212Fr 87 125 211.996202(28) 20.0(6) min β+ (57%) 212Rn 5+
α (43%) 208At
213Fr 87 126 212.996189(8) 34.6(3) s α (99.45%) 209At 9/2−
β+ (.55%) 213Rn
214Fr 87 127 213.998971(9) 5.0(2) ms α 210At (1−)
214m1Fr 123(6) keV 3.35(5) ms α 210At (8−)
214m2Fr 638(6) keV 103(4) ns (11+)
214m3Fr 6477+Y keV 108(7) ns (33+)
215Fr 87 128 215.000341(8) 86(5) ns α 211At 9/2−
216Fr 87 129 216.003198(15) 0.70(2) µs α 212At (1−)
β+ (2×10−7%) 216Rn
217Fr 87 130 217.004632(7) 16.8(19) µs α 213At 9/2−
218Fr 87 131 218.007578(5) 1.0(6) ms α 214At 1−
218m1Fr 86(4) keV 22.0(5) ms α 214At
IT (rare) 218Fr
218m2Fr 200(150)# keV high
219Fr 87 132 219.009252(8) 20(2) ms α 215At 9/2−
220Fr 87 133 220.012327(4) 27.4(3) s α (99.65%) 216At 1+
β (.35%) 220Ra
221Fr 87 134 221.014255(5) 4.9(2) min α (99.9%) 217At 5/2− Trace[n 7]
β (.1%) 221Ra
CD (8.79×10−11%) 207Tl
14C
222Fr 87 135 222.017552(23) 14.2(3) min β 222Ra 2−
223Fr Actinium K 87 136 223.0197359(26) 22.00(7) min β (99.99%) 223Ra 3/2(−) Trace[n 8]
α (.006%) 219At
224Fr 87 137 224.02325(5) 3.33(10) min β 224Ra 1−
225Fr 87 138 225.02557(3) 4.0(2) min β 225Ra 3/2−
226Fr 87 139 226.02939(11) 49(1) s β 226Ra 1−
227Fr 87 140 227.03184(11) 2.47(3) min β 227Ra 1/2+
228Fr 87 141 228.03573(22)# 38(1) s β 228Ra 2−
229Fr 87 142 229.03845(4) 50.2(4) s β 229Ra (1/2+)#
230Fr 87 143 230.04251(48)# 19.1(5) s β 230Ra
231Fr 87 144 231.04544(50)# 17.6(6) s β 231Ra (1/2+)#
232Fr 87 145 232.04977(69)# 5(1) s β 232Ra
  1. ^ mFr – Excited nuclear isomer.
  2. ^ ( ) – Uncertainty (1σ) is given in concise form in parentheses after the corresponding last digits.
  3. ^ # – Atomic mass marked #: value and uncertainty derived not from purely experimental data, but at least partly from trends from the Mass Surface (TMS).
  4. ^ a b c # – Values marked # are not purely derived from experimental data, but at least partly from trends of neighboring nuclides (TNN).
  5. ^ Modes of decay:
    CD: Cluster decay
    IT: Isomeric transition
  6. ^ ( ) spin value – Indicates spin with weak assignment arguments.
  7. ^ Intermediate decay product of 237Np
  8. ^ Intermediate decay product of 235U

ReferencesEdit

  • Isotope masses from:
    • Audi, Georges; Bersillon, Olivier; Blachot, Jean; Wapstra, Aaldert Hendrik (2003), "The NUBASE evaluation of nuclear and decay properties", Nuclear Physics A, 729: 3–128, Bibcode:2003NuPhA.729....3A, doi:10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2003.11.001
  • Isotopic compositions and standard atomic masses from:
  • Half-life, spin, and isomer data selected from the following sources.