Ismoil Somoni Peak

Ismoil Somoni Peak (Tajik: Қуллаи Исмоили Сомонӣ, Qulla-i Ismō‘il-i Sōmōnî/Qullaji Ismojili Somonī; Persian: قلّهٔ اسماعیل سامانی‎; Russian: Пик Исмои́ла Сомони́, tr. Pik Ismoíla Somoní) is the highest mountain in Tajikistan.[1][3][7][8][9][4][5][6] Because it was within the territory of the former Russian Empire and the former Soviet Union, it was the highest mountain in the Russian Empire and Soviet Union before the area became Tajikistan. The mountain is named after Ismail Samani, a ruler of the Samanid dynasty. It is located in the Pamir Range.

Ismoil Somoni Peak
Stalin Peak, Communism Peak
USSR-Tajikistan-Peak Communism.jpg
Ismoil Somoni Peak (then known as Communism Peak) taken in 1989.
Highest point
Elevation7,495[1][2][3][4][5][6] m (24,590 ft) 
Ranked 50th
Prominence3,402 m (11,161 ft) 
Ranked 54th
Isolation279 km (173 mi) Edit this on Wikidata
ListingCountry high point
Ultra
Coordinates38°56′36″N 72°00′58″E / 38.94333°N 72.01611°E / 38.94333; 72.01611Coordinates: 38°56′36″N 72°00′58″E / 38.94333°N 72.01611°E / 38.94333; 72.01611
Geography
Ismoil Somoni Peak is located in Tajikistan
Ismoil Somoni Peak
Ismoil Somoni Peak
Location in Tajikistan
LocationNorthwestern Gorno-Badakhshan, Tajikistan
Parent rangePamirs
Climbing
First ascent3 September 1933 by Yevgeniy Abalakov and Nikolay Gorbunov.
Easiest routerock/snow/ice climb
Junko Tabei on Communism Peak in 1985 together with two other Japanese and four Estonian mountaineers. Photo by Jaan Künnap.

NameEdit

When the existence of a peak in the Soviet Pamir Mountains higher than Lenin Peak was first established in 1928, the mountain was tentatively identified with Garmo Peak.[2] However, as the result of the work of further Soviet expeditions, it became clear by 1932 that they were not the same, and in 1933 the new peak, in the Academy of Sciences Range, was named Stalin Peak[8][9] (Russian: Пик Ста́лина, tr. Pik Stálina), after Joseph Stalin. In 1962, as part of Khrushchev's nationwide de-Stalinization process, the name was changed to Communism Peak (Tajik: Пики Коммунизм, romanizedPiki Komunizm Russian: Пик Коммуни́зма, tr. Pik Kommunízma), a name by which it is still commonly known. The name Communism Peak was officially dropped in 1998 in favour of the current name, commemorating the 9th century Samanid emir, Ismail Samani.[citation needed]

HistoryEdit

The first ascent (to the then Stalin Peak) was made 3 September 1933 by the Soviet mountaineer Yevgeniy Abalakov.[10]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Territorial and border issues". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Tajikistan. 1 March 2010. Retrieved 31 January 2020. The lowest spot of the country is on the height of 300 meters and the highest spot is on the height of 7495 meters above sea level.{...}on the South-East - Pamir (one of the highest spot of the Earth - peak Somoni, with the height of 7495 meters)
  2. ^ a b Scheffel, Richard L.; Wernet, Susan J., eds. (1980). Natural Wonders of the World. United States of America: Reader's Digest Association, Inc. pp. 104. ISBN 0-89577-087-3.
  3. ^ a b "General information about Tajikistan". Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia. Retrieved 31 January 2020. Tajikistan is a typical mountainous country with absolute heights from 300 to 7495 m. 93% of its territory is occupied by mountains belonging to the highest mountain systems of Central Asia—Tien-Shan and Pamir. Many peaks in Tajikistan are among the highest in the world, rising to a maximum of 7,495m (24,590ft) at Ismoil Somoni Peak (formerly Peak Communism).
  4. ^ a b "TAJIKISTAN". The World Factbook. Retrieved 30 January 2020. highest point: Qullai Ismoili Somoni 7,495 m{...}Geography - landlocked; highest point, Qullai Ismoili Somoni (formerly Communism Peak), was the tallest mountain in the former USSR
  5. ^ a b Sally N. Cummings, ed. (2010). "Symbolism and Power in Central Asia: Politics of the Spectacular". Routledge. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-415-57567-6 – via Google Books. IN 1933 THE USSR'S HIGHEST MOUNTAIN, PEAK STALIN ((7,495 m), subsequently renamed Peak Communism and ultimately Ismail Somoni) was climbed as part of a large expedition, the Tajikistan-Pamirs-expedition (TPE).{..}Mount Stalin was the highest point in the USSR
  6. ^ a b Martin Hannan. Harvey Wallbangers and Tam O'Shanters A Book of Eponyms. pp. 45–46. ISMOIL SOMONI PEAK Formerly Stalin Peak and Communism Peak, the highest mountain in the former Soviet Union territories is now called after Ismoil Somoni or Ismail Samani (d. 907), leader of the Samani dynasty which conquered the region now known as the country of Tajikistan in which the mountain rises to a heigh of 7,495m (24,590 ft).
  7. ^ Stephen K. Batalden, Sandra L. Batalden (1997). The Newly Independent States of Eurasia Handbook of Former Soviet Republics (2 ed.). Oryx Press. ISBN 0-89774-940-5 – via Internet Archive. Highest elevation
    24,590 ft (Kommunizm Peak, in the Pamir Range)
    CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  8. ^ a b USSR A Reference Book of Facts and Figures. London: Farleigh Press Ltd. 1956. p. 16 – via Internet Archive. The tallest peaks (in feet above sea-level):
    Stalin Peak (Pamirs) 24,583;
  9. ^ a b V. H. Hillyer and E. G. Huey (1966). The Orient. New York: Meredith Press. p. 102 – via Internet Archive. The highest peak, Stalin Peak, 24,590 feet, is here.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  10. ^ The Great Soviet Encyclopaedia. Communizma Peak. Also Pik Kommunzma at summitpost.org accessed 3Nov2016.

External linksEdit