Isgandar Khan Khoyski

Isgandar Khan Khoyski (Azerbaijani: İsgəndər xan Xoyski; September 1819, Nukha (Shaki), Nukha uezd, Elisavetpol Governorate,Russian Empire – 28 July [O.S. 16 July] 1894, Yelizavetpol, Imperial Russia) was a decorated Imperial Russian and Azerbaijani military commander, having the rank of lieutenant-general.[1]

Isgandar Khan Khoyski
Native name
Azerbaijani: İsgəndər xan Xoyski
Birth nameIsgandar Khan Kalbali Khan oglu Isgandarov
BornSeptember 1819
Nukha (Shaki), Nukha uezd, Elizavetpol Governorate, Russian Empire
DiedJuly 28, 1894(1894-07-28) (aged 74)
Yelisavetpol (Ganja), Elizavetpol uezd, Elizavetpol Governorate, Russian Empire
AllegianceRussian Empire Russian Empire (from 1841 to 1889)
Years of service1841 — 1899
Rank1904ic-p09r.png Lieutenant general of The Imperial Russian Army
Battles/warsCaucasus War
Hungarian Revolution of 1848
Awards4th Class Order of Saint Vladimir 2nd Class Ode of Saint Stanislaus2nd Class Order of Saint Anne3rd Class Order of Saint Anne


Although official documents refer to his birthplace and birthdate as 25 May 1820, Yelisavetpol (Ganja), he was probably born in September 1819 in Nukha to noble Khoyski family.[2] His father was Kalbali Khan Khoyski (also known as Kichik Khan) was a major-general in Imperial Russian Army.[3] His mother Sarabayim was his father's first cousin and a daughter of Jafar Qoli Khan Donboli. He also had a sister.

Education and careerEdit

He was educated at home and entered serving as naib in the Transcaucasian Equestrian Muslim regiment (1 December [O.S. 19 November] 1841).[4] Next year, for distinction in service, he was promoted to ensign. He took part in the Caucasian War in 1846 and next year he was send to serve as a cornet in the Life Guards. He was promoted to lieutenant in 1850, then to staff rittmeister (1852), to rittmeister (1854) and captain in 1859. Khoyski was promoted to colonel in 1860 with leaving with the Caucasian army. After being promoted to the rank of major general in 1883, he was promoted to lieutenant general in 1889 and sent to retirement.[5]


He died on 28 July [O.S. 16 July] 1894 in Elisabethpol. While he was still alive, he built a mausoleum for his family in the Sabiskar cemetery in Elisabethpol. His children Jahangir Khan and Tububeyim are buried next to him.


He was married two times:

  1. Saadat begüm (1819 - 1892) — daughter of Ismail Khan Khoyski (his uncle)
    1. Jahangir Khan Khoyski[6] (1849-1894)
    2. Saltanat begüm (? - 6 January 1869)
  2. Shahrabanu begüm — daughter of Nukha cleric Haji Molla Zeynal
    1. Huseyngulu Khan Khoyski
    2. Tubu begüm Khoyskaya (1871-?)
    3. Fatali Khan Khoyski[7]
    4. Abbasqoli Khan Khoyski (1878-?)
    5. Rustam Khan Khoyski[8]



  1. ^ "Milli dövlətçilik tariximizin parlaq siması". Archived from the original on 16 December 2019.
  2. ^ "İskəndər xan Xoyski - Şəki Ensiklopediyası". (in Azerbaijani). Retrieved 2022-06-25.
  3. ^ "Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan. Fatali Khan Khoyski". Archived from the original on 2022-06-18. Retrieved 2010-07-09.
  4. ^ Ismayilov, Eldar (2003-01-01). "Ханы Хойские. Материалы к родословной и биографиям" [Khans of Khoi. Materials for genealogy and biographies]. Azərbaycan Tarixi Şəcərə Cəmiyyətinin Xəbərləri / Известия Азербайджанского историко-родословного общества.
  5. ^ Список генералам по старшинству. 1889. — СПб., 1889, с. 584
  6. ^ Fuad Akhundov, "Fatali Khoyski - Prime Minister (1875-1920), Azerbaijan International, vol. 6.1, Spring 1998 Archived 2007-03-11 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ "Presidential Library. Fatali Khan Khoyski" (PDF). p. 70. Retrieved 2010-07-09.[dead link]
  8. ^ "Biograpghies Bank. Rüstəm xan Xoyski". Archived from the original on 18 November 2011. Retrieved 25 November 2011.