Irhuleni (Luwian: Urhilina) was King of Hamath. He led a coalition against the Assyrian expansion under Shalmaneser III, alongside Hadadezer of Damascus.[1] This coalition succeeded in 853 BC in the Battle of Qarqar a victory over the Assyrians, halting their advance to the west for two years. Later Irhuleni maintained good relations with Assyria. His son was, in Luwian, Uratami.[2]

King of Hamath
Slab with Hittite hieroglyphic inscriptions mentioning the activities of king Urhilina and his son. 9th century BC. From Hama. Museum of the Ancient Orient, Istanbul

His name also appears in inscriptions on votive offerings found in Nimrud.


  • Hawkins, RLA IV, 67-70.
  • Hawkins, CAH III.1, 393-396.
  • Klengel, Syria. 3000 to 300 BC, Berlin 1992, 213


  1. ^ Luis Robert Siddall, The Reign of Adad-nīrārī III: An Historical and Ideological Analysis of An Assyrian King and His Times. BRILL, 2013 ISBN 9004256148 p.37
  2. ^ Bryce, Trevor (2012). The world of the Neo-Hittite kingdoms : a political and military history. Oxford New York: Oxford University Press. p. 136. ISBN 0199218722.