Iranocichla hormuzensis

Iranocichla hormuzensis, also known as the Iranian cichlid or Hormoz cichlid,[1] is a species of mouthbrooding fish from the cichlid family. It is restricted to freshwater and brackish habitats in the drainage of the Mehran River in southern Iran above the Straits of Hormuz.[2][3] It was formerly regarded as the only species in its genus, but another species, I. persa was described in 2016. These are the only cichlids native to Iran and among the few cichlids in Asia.[3]

Iranocichla hormuzensis
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cichliformes
Family: Cichlidae
Genus: Iranocichla
I. hormuzensis
Binomial name
Iranocichla hormuzensis
Coad, 1982

I. hormuzensis attains a standard length of about 11 cm (4.3 in) and a total length of about 13 cm (5.1 in).[4] It has a stout body. Young exhibit a silver-green coloration with no fin pigmentation. The adult is mostly black with silver speckles on the body and barring on the dorsal fin. Male adults are distinguished by their longer anal and pelvic fins, and female adults are distinguished by their longer heads.[5] Unlike I. persa, the breast and head of nuptial male I. hormuzensis is blackish (not orange).[3] Although it has not been rated by the IUCN, some authorities believe it is highly threatened.[2]


  1. ^ "Iranian Cichlid (Iranocichla hormuzensis)". Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  2. ^ a b Froese, Rainer; Pauly, Daniel (eds.) (2016). "Iranocichla hormuzensis" in FishBase. October 2016 version.
  3. ^ a b c Esmaeili, H.R., Sayyadzadeh, G. & Seehausen, O. (2016): Iranocichla persa, a new cichlid species from southern Iran (Teleostei, Cichlidae). ZooKeys, 636: 141–161.
  4. ^ Esmaeili, H.R.; and M. Ebrahimi (2006). Length–weight relationships of some freshwater fishes of Iran. Applied Ichthyology 22(4): 328–329.
  5. ^ Dastanpoor, Neda; Keivany, Yazdan; Ebrahimi, Eisa (2021-03-31). "Comparative osteology of three endemic cichlids (Iranocichla spp.) (Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Cichlidae) from southern Iran". Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria. 51 (1): 67–75. doi:10.3897/aiep.51.63218. ISSN 1734-1515. S2CID 233422191.