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Inventory of Historic Battlefields in Scotland

The Inventory of Historic Battlefields is a heritage register listing nationally significant battlefields in Scotland. The inventory was published for consultation in December 2010 by Historic Scotland, an agency of the Scottish Government,[1] and launched as the Inventory in May 2011.[2] Seventeen sites were included in the first phase of the inventory, with a number of other sites under consideration for inclusion at a later date.[3] By the end of 2012 the inventory had expanded to 39 sites.[2] The list is maintained by Historic Environment Scotland, the successor the Historic Scotland.[4] As of 2019 there are 40 battlefields on the inventory, the most recent addition being the Battle of Sark which was listed in 2016.[5]

The list of battlefields is intended to guide landowners, developers, local authorities and the Scottish Ministers in the future development of these areas to protect the historic significance and archaeological potential of these sites. The inventory entries summarise historic sources, archaeological evidence and finds, significance, and provide a map defining the extent of the battlefield. Selection criteria used for identifying nationally important sites were: historical association; physical remains and archaeological potential; cultural association; and landscape context.[1]

Contents

Battlefields on the InventoryEdit

ID Battle Date Co-ordinates Council area Belligerents Campaign Outcome
BTL1 Battle of Alford 2 July 1645 57°14′17″N 2°43′23″W / 57.238°N 2.723°W / 57.238; -2.723 (Battle of Alford) Aberdeenshire Scottish Royalists / Government troops Wars of the Three Kingdoms Royalist victory
BTL2 Battle of Ancrum Moor 27 February 1545 55°32′10″N 2°36′25″W / 55.536°N 2.607°W / 55.536; -2.607 (Battle of Ancrum Moor) Borders Kingdom of Scotland / Kingdom of England Rough Wooing Scottish victory
BTL3 Battle of Auldearn 9 May 1645 57°34′16″N 3°48′47″W / 57.571°N 3.813°W / 57.571; -3.813 (Battle of Auldearn) Highland Scottish Royalists / Government troops Wars of the Three Kingdoms Royalist victory
BTL4 Battle of Bannockburn 24 June 1314 56°05′31″N 3°54′54″W / 56.092°N 3.915°W / 56.092; -3.915 (Battle of Bannockburn) Stirling Kingdom of Scotland / Kingdom of England Wars of Scottish Independence Scottish victory
BTL5 Battle of Bothwell Bridge 22 June 1679 55°47′42″N 4°03′25″W / 55.795°N 4.057°W / 55.795; -4.057 (Battle of Bothwell Bridge) South Lanarkshire Covenanter army / Government troops Covenanter Rebellion of 1679 Government victory
BTL6 Battle of Culloden 16 April 1746 57°28′41″N 4°05′49″W / 57.478°N 4.097°W / 57.478; -4.097 (Battle of Culloden) Highland Jacobites / Government troops Jacobite rising of 1745 Government victory
BTL7 Battle of Dunbar II 3 September 1650 55°58′48″N 2°29′24″W / 55.980°N 2.490°W / 55.980; -2.490 (Battle of Dunbar II) East Lothian Kingdom of Scotland / Commonwealth of England Wars of the Three Kingdoms English victory
BTL8 Battle of Dupplin Moor 11 August 1332 56°21′11″N 3°32′17″W / 56.353°N 3.538°W / 56.353; -3.538 (Battle of Dupplin Moor) Perth & Kinross Loyalist Scots / Rebels supporting Edward Balliol, and English allies Second War of Scottish Independence Balliol victory
BTL9 Battle of Falkirk II 17 January 1746 55°59′13″N 3°48′50″W / 55.987°N 3.814°W / 55.987; -3.814 (Battle of Falkirk II) Falkirk Jacobites / Government troops Jacobite rising of 1745 Jacobite victory
BTL10 Battle of Glen Shiel 10 June 1719 57°09′58″N 5°19′01″W / 57.166°N 5.317°W / 57.166; -5.317 (Battle of Glenshiel) Highland Spanish troops and Jacobites / Government troops Jacobite rising of 1719 Government victory
BTL11 Battle of Harlaw 24 July 1411 57°18′29″N 2°24′40″W / 57.308°N 2.411°W / 57.308; -2.411 (Battle of Harlaw) Aberdeenshire Lowland clans under Alexander Stewart, Earl of Mar / Allies of Donald of Islay, Lord of the Isles Feud between Clan MacDonald and Stewart royal family Inconclusive
BTL12 Battle of Killiecrankie 27 July 1689 56°45′11″N 3°47′46″W / 56.753°N 3.796°W / 56.753; -3.796 (Battle of Killiecrankie) Perth & Kinross Jacobites / Government troops Jacobite rising of 1689 Jacobite victory
BTL13 Battle of Kilsyth 15 August 1645 55°59′02″N 4°01′05″W / 55.984°N 4.018°W / 55.984; -4.018 (Battle of Kilsyth) North Lanarkshire Scottish Royalists / Government troops Wars of the Three Kingdoms Royalist victory
BTL14 Battle of Philiphaugh 13 September 1645 55°32′31″N 2°52′05″W / 55.542°N 2.868°W / 55.542; -2.868 (Battle of Philiphaugh) Borders Scottish Royalists / Government troops Wars of the Three Kingdoms Government victory
BTL15 Battle of Pinkie Cleugh 10 September 1547 55°55′59″N 3°01′23″W / 55.933°N 3.023°W / 55.933; -3.023 (Battle of Pinkie) East Lothian Kingdom of Scotland / Kingdom of England Rough Wooing English victory
BTL16 Battle of Prestonpans 21 September 1745 55°57′36″N 2°57′00″W / 55.960°N 2.950°W / 55.960; -2.950 (Battle of Prestonpans) East Lothian Jacobites / Government troops Jacobite rising of 1745 Jacobite victory
BTL17 Battle of Sheriffmuir 13 November 1715 56°11′42″N 3°54′36″W / 56.195°N 3.910°W / 56.195; -3.910 (Battle of Sheriffmuir) Stirling Jacobites / Government troops Jacobite rising of 1715 Inconclusive
BTL18 Battle of Barra 22 May and 23 May 1308 57°20′06″N 2°19′05″W / 57.335°N 2.318°W / 57.335; -2.318 (Battle of Barra) Aberdeenshire Scottish Royal Army / Scottish opponents of Bruce under John Comyn, 3rd Earl of Buchan Wars of Scottish Independence Royalist victory
BTL19 Battle of Carbisdale 27 April 1650 57°54′58″N 4°25′16″W / 57.916°N 4.421°W / 57.916; -4.421 (Battle of Carbisdale) Highland Covenanter army / Scottish Royalists Wars of the Three Kingdoms Covenanter victory
BTL20 Battle of Cromdale 30 April and 1 May 1690 57°11′42″N 3°17′31″W / 57.195°N 3.292°W / 57.195; -3.292 (Battle of Cromdale) Highland Jacobites / Government troops Jacobite rising of 1689 Government victory
BTL21 Battle of Drumclog 1 June 1679 55°37′52″N 4°11′02″W / 55.631°N 4.184°W / 55.631; -4.184 (Battle of Drumclog) South Lanarkshire Covenanter army / Government troops Covenanter Rebellion of 1679 Covenanter victory
BTL22 Battle of Fyvie 28 October 1644 - 30 October 1644 57°25′59″N 2°23′42″W / 57.433°N 2.395°W / 57.433; -2.395 (Battle of Fyvie) Aberdeenshire Covenanter army / Scottish Royalists Wars of the Three Kingdoms Royalist victory
BTL23 Battle of Inverkeithing II 20 July 1651 56°01′30″N 3°24′47″W / 56.025°N 3.413°W / 56.025; -3.413 (Battle of Inverkeithing II) Fife Kingdom of Scotland / Commonwealth of England Wars of the Three Kingdoms English victory
BTL24 Battle of Inverlochy II 2 February 1645 56°49′55″N 5°04′30″W / 56.832°N 5.075°W / 56.832; -5.075 (Battle of Linlithgow Bridge) Fife Wars of the Three Kingdoms
BTL25 Battle of Linlithgow Bridge 4 September 1526 55°58′16″N 3°38′02″W / 55.971°N 3.634°W / 55.971; -3.634 (Battle of Linlithgow Bridge) West Lothian Feud between Clan Douglas and Stewart royal family
BTL26 Battle of Mulroy 4 August 1688 56°54′11″N 4°50′20″W / 56.903°N 4.839°W / 56.903; -4.839 (Battle of Mulroy) Highland Feud between Clan Cameron and Clan Mackintosh
BTL27 Battle of Rullion Green 28 November 1666 55°51′18″N 3°09′50″W / 55.855°N 3.164°W / 55.855; -3.164 (Battle of Rullion Green) Midlothian Covenanter army / Scottish Royalists Scottish Covenanter Wars Royalist victory
BTL28 Battle of Stirling Bridge 11 September 1297 56°07′52″N 3°55′55″W / 56.131°N 3.932°W / 56.131; -3.932 (Battle of Stirling Bridge) Stirling Kingdom of Scotland / Kingdom of England Wars of Scottish Independence Scottish victory
BTL29 Blar na Léine 15 July 1544 57°01′48″N 4°49′08″W / 57.030°N 4.819°W / 57.030; -4.819 (Blar na Léine) Highland Clan Fraser and Clan Grant / Clan MacDonald and Clan Cameron Scottish clan wars MacDonald / Cameron victory
BTL32 Battle of Dunkeld 21 August 1689 56°33′54″N 3°35′06″W / 56.565°N 3.585°W / 56.565; -3.585 (Battle of Dunkeld) Perth & Kinross Jacobites / Government troops Jacobite rising of 1689 Government victory
BTL36 Battle of Loudoun Hill 10 May 1307 55°36′32″N 4°12′36″W / 55.609°N 4.210°W / 55.609; -4.210 (Battle of Loudoun Hill) Ayrshire Kingdom of Scotland / Kingdom of England Wars of Scottish Independence Scottish victory
BTL37 Battle of Roslin 24 February 1303 55°51′18″N 3°09′50″W / 55.855°N 3.164°W / 55.855; -3.164 (Battle of Roslin) Midlothian Kingdom of Scotland / Kingdom of England Wars of Scottish Independence Scottish victory

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Celebrating Scotland's Battlefields". Historic Scotland. 13 December 2010. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
  2. ^ a b "Scotland's Battlefields Inventory completed". Historic Scotland. 20 December 2012 – via web.archive.org.
  3. ^ "Inventory Battlefields". Historic Scotland. Archived from the original on 22 November 2011. Retrieved 3 May 2011.
  4. ^ "Scotland's Inventory of Historic Battlefields 2016" (PDF). Historic Environment Scotland. 23 June 2016. p. 3. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  5. ^ "Gretna Battlefield becomes 40th site on the National Inventory". Historic Environment Scotland. 11 August 2016. Retrieved 18 April 2019.

External linksEdit

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX