Inventory of Historic Battlefields in Scotland
The Inventory of Historic Battlefields is a heritage register listing nationally significant battlefields in Scotland. The inventory was published for consultation in December 2010 by Historic Scotland, an agency of the Scottish Government, and launched as the Inventory in May 2011. Seventeen sites were included in the first phase of the inventory, with a number of other sites under consideration for inclusion at a later date. By the end of 2012 the inventory had expanded to 39 sites. The list is maintained by Historic Environment Scotland, the successor the Historic Scotland. As of 2019[update] there are 40 battlefields on the inventory, the most recent addition being the Battle of Sark which was listed in 2016.
The list of battlefields is intended to guide landowners, developers, local authorities and the Scottish Ministers in the future development of these areas to protect the historic significance and archaeological potential of these sites. The inventory entries summarise historic sources, archaeological evidence and finds, significance, and provide a map defining the extent of the battlefield. Selection criteria used for identifying nationally important sites were: historical association; physical remains and archaeological potential; cultural association; and landscape context.
Battlefields on the InventoryEdit
|BTL1||Battle of Alford||2 July 1645||Aberdeenshire||Scottish Royalists / Government troops||Wars of the Three Kingdoms||Royalist victory|
|BTL2||Battle of Ancrum Moor||27 February 1545||Borders||Kingdom of Scotland / Kingdom of England||Rough Wooing||Scottish victory|
|BTL3||Battle of Auldearn||9 May 1645||Highland||Scottish Royalists / Government troops||Wars of the Three Kingdoms||Royalist victory|
|BTL4||Battle of Bannockburn||24 June 1314||Stirling||Kingdom of Scotland / Kingdom of England||Wars of Scottish Independence||Scottish victory|
|BTL5||Battle of Bothwell Bridge||22 June 1679||South Lanarkshire||Covenanter army / Government troops||Covenanter Rebellion of 1679||Government victory|
|BTL6||Battle of Culloden||16 April 1746||Highland||Jacobites / Government troops||Jacobite rising of 1745||Government victory|
|BTL7||Battle of Dunbar II||3 September 1650||East Lothian||Kingdom of Scotland / Commonwealth of England||Wars of the Three Kingdoms||English victory|
|BTL8||Battle of Dupplin Moor||11 August 1332||Perth & Kinross||Loyalist Scots / Rebels supporting Edward Balliol, and English allies||Second War of Scottish Independence||Balliol victory|
|BTL9||Battle of Falkirk II||17 January 1746||Falkirk||Jacobites / Government troops||Jacobite rising of 1745||Jacobite victory|
|BTL10||Battle of Glen Shiel||10 June 1719||Highland||Spanish troops and Jacobites / Government troops||Jacobite rising of 1719||Government victory|
|BTL11||Battle of Harlaw||24 July 1411||Aberdeenshire||Lowland clans under Alexander Stewart, Earl of Mar / Allies of Donald of Islay, Lord of the Isles||Feud between Clan MacDonald and Stewart royal family||Inconclusive|
|BTL12||Battle of Killiecrankie||27 July 1689||Perth & Kinross||Jacobites / Government troops||Jacobite rising of 1689||Jacobite victory|
|BTL13||Battle of Kilsyth||15 August 1645||North Lanarkshire||Scottish Royalists / Government troops||Wars of the Three Kingdoms||Royalist victory|
|BTL14||Battle of Philiphaugh||13 September 1645||Borders||Scottish Royalists / Government troops||Wars of the Three Kingdoms||Government victory|
|BTL15||Battle of Pinkie Cleugh||10 September 1547||East Lothian||Kingdom of Scotland / Kingdom of England||Rough Wooing||English victory|
|BTL16||Battle of Prestonpans||21 September 1745||East Lothian||Jacobites / Government troops||Jacobite rising of 1745||Jacobite victory|
|BTL17||Battle of Sheriffmuir||13 November 1715||Stirling||Jacobites / Government troops||Jacobite rising of 1715||Inconclusive|
|BTL18||Battle of Barra||22 May and 23 May 1308||Aberdeenshire||Scottish Royal Army / Scottish opponents of Bruce under John Comyn, 3rd Earl of Buchan||Wars of Scottish Independence||Royalist victory|
|BTL19||Battle of Carbisdale||27 April 1650||Highland||Covenanter army / Scottish Royalists||Wars of the Three Kingdoms||Covenanter victory|
|BTL20||Battle of Cromdale||30 April and 1 May 1690||Highland||Jacobites / Government troops||Jacobite rising of 1689||Government victory|
|BTL21||Battle of Drumclog||1 June 1679||South Lanarkshire||Covenanter army / Government troops||Covenanter Rebellion of 1679||Covenanter victory|
|BTL22||Battle of Fyvie||28 October 1644 - 30 October 1644||Aberdeenshire||Covenanter army / Scottish Royalists||Wars of the Three Kingdoms||Royalist victory|
|BTL23||Battle of Inverkeithing II||20 July 1651||Fife||Kingdom of Scotland / Commonwealth of England||Wars of the Three Kingdoms||English victory|
|BTL24||Battle of Inverlochy II||2 February 1645||Fife||Wars of the Three Kingdoms|
|BTL25||Battle of Linlithgow Bridge||4 September 1526||West Lothian||Feud between Clan Douglas and Stewart royal family|
|BTL26||Battle of Mulroy||4 August 1688||Highland||Feud between Clan Cameron and Clan Mackintosh|
|BTL27||Battle of Rullion Green||28 November 1666||Midlothian||Covenanter army / Scottish Royalists||Scottish Covenanter Wars||Royalist victory|
|BTL28||Battle of Stirling Bridge||11 September 1297||Stirling||Kingdom of Scotland / Kingdom of England||Wars of Scottish Independence||Scottish victory|
|BTL29||Blar na Léine||15 July 1544||Highland||Clan Fraser and Clan Grant / Clan MacDonald and Clan Cameron||Scottish clan wars||MacDonald / Cameron victory|
|BTL31||Battle of Dunbar I||27 April 1296||East Lothian||Kingdom of Scotland / Kingdom of England||Wars of Scottish Independence||English victory|
|BTL32||Battle of Dunkeld||21 August 1689||Perth & Kinross||Jacobites / Government troops||Jacobite rising of 1689||Government victory|
|BTL36||Battle of Loudoun Hill||10 May 1307||Ayrshire||Kingdom of Scotland / Kingdom of England||Wars of Scottish Independence||Scottish victory|
|BTL37||Battle of Roslin||24 February 1303||Midlothian||Kingdom of Scotland / Kingdom of England||Wars of Scottish Independence||Scottish victory|
- "Celebrating Scotland's Battlefields". Historic Scotland. 13 December 2010. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
- "Scotland's Battlefields Inventory completed". Historic Scotland. 20 December 2012. Archived from the original on 20 September 2015 – via web.archive.org.
- "Inventory Battlefields". Historic Scotland. Archived from the original on 22 November 2011. Retrieved 3 May 2011.
- "Scotland's Inventory of Historic Battlefields 2016" (PDF). Historic Environment Scotland. 23 June 2016. p. 3. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
- "Gretna Battlefield becomes 40th site on the National Inventory". Historic Environment Scotland. 11 August 2016. Retrieved 18 April 2019.