International Union for Quaternary Research

The International Union for Quaternary Research (INQUA) was founded in 1928. It has members from a number of scientific disciplines who study the environmental changes that occurred during the glacial ages, the last 2.6 million years.[1][2] One goal of these investigators is to document the timing and patterns in past climatic changes to help understand the causes of changing climates.

International Union for Quaternary Research
Formation1928; 94 years ago (1928)
Region served
Official language
Thijs Van Kolfschoten (Netherlands)
Eniko Magyari (Hungary)
Parent organization
International Council for Science
WebsiteINQUA Official website

INQUA is a Scientific Union member of the International Council for Science (ICSU).[2] INQUA holds an international congress normally every four years. The congresses serve as an educational forum as well as the opportunity for the various commissions, committees, and working groups to conduct business in person. Past congresses have been held in Copenhagen (1928), Leningrad (Saint Petersburg) (1932), Vienna (1936), Rome (1953), Madrid (1957), Warsaw (1961), Boulder (1965), Paris (1969), Christchurch (1973), Birmingham (1977), Moscow (1982), Ottawa (1987), Beijing (1991),[3] Berlin (1995),[4] Durban (1999), Reno (2003), Cairns (2007), Bern (2011) and Nagoya (2015).[5]

The most recent INQUA Congress (XIX) was held in Dublin, Ireland, in July 2019.[6] In 2023 the next INQUA Congress (XXI) will take place in Rome, Italy.[7]

Climate changeEdit

In 2007, the union issued a statement on climate change in which it reiterated the conclusions of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and urged all nations to take prompt action in line with the UNFCCC principles:[8]

Human activities are now causing atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases - including carbon dioxide, methane, tropospheric ozone, and nitrous oxide - to rise well above pre-industrial levels….Increases in greenhouse gasses are causing temperatures to rise…The scientific understanding of climate change is now sufficiently clear to justify nations taking prompt action….Minimizing the amount of this carbon dioxide reaching the atmosphere presents a huge challenge but must be a global priority.

INQUA CongressEdit

INQUA Congress & Presidents[9]
Nr. Year Congress Term President Secretary-General
21. 2023 Rome   Italy
20. 2019 Dublin   Ireland 2019-2023 Thijs Van Kolfschoten   Netherlands Eniko Magyari   Hungary
19. 2015 Nagoya   Japan 2015-2019 Allan Ashworth   United States Brian M Chase   France
18. 2011 Bern    Switzerland 2011-2015 Margaret Avery   South Africa Julius Lejju   Uganda
17. 2007 Cairns   Australia
16. 2003 Reno, Nevada   United States
15. 1999 Durban   South Africa
14. 1995 Berlin   Germany
13. 1991 Beijing   China
12. 1987 Ottawa   Canada
11. 1982 Moscow   Soviet Union Boris Sokolov   Soviet Union
10. 1977 Birmingham   United Kingdom
9. 1973 Christchurch   New Zealand
8. 1969 Paris   France
7. 1965 Boulder, Colorado   United States
6. 1961 Warsaw   Poland
5. 1957 Madrid   Spain
4. 1953 Rome   Italy Gian Alberto Blanc   Italy
3. 1936 Vienna   Austria Gustav Götzinger   Austria
2. 1932 Leningrad   Soviet Union Ivan Gubkin   Soviet Union
1. 1928 Copenhagen   Denmark Dmitry Mushketov   Soviet Union

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "U.S. National Committee for INQUA". National Academy of Sciences (United States). Archived from the original on 5 June 2014.
  2. ^ a b "INQUA, INternational Union for QUAternary Research". International Council for Science (ICSU). Archived from the original on 4 February 2013.
  3. ^ James, L. Allen (1992). "International Union for Quaternary Research". The Professional Geographer. 44 (1): 99–99. doi:10.1111/j.0033-0124.1992.00099.x.
  4. ^ Chairman of the Organizing Committee (XIVINQUA) (1994). "International union for Quaternary research". GeoJournal. 34 (1): 121–127. doi:10.1007/BF00813975.
  5. ^ "About INQUA". INQUA. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  6. ^ "XIX INQUA 2019 Congress". XX INQUA 2019 Dublin, Ireland. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  7. ^ "INQUA 2023". INQUA 2023 Rome, Italy. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  8. ^ "INQUA Statement On Climate Change" (PDF). INQUA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008.
  9. ^ INQUA Executive. Retrieved 06/06/2015.

External linksEdit