International Planned Parenthood Federation
The International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) is a global non-governmental organisation with the broad aims of promoting sexual and reproductive health, and advocating the right of individuals to make their own choices in family planning. It was first formed in 1952 in Bombay (present-day Mumbai), India at the Third International Conference on Planned Parenthood and now consists of more than 149 Member Associations working in more than 189 countries. The IPPF is highly developed and organised into six regions. The organisation is based in London, England.
|Founded at||Bombay (present-day Mumbai), India|
|Type||International non-governmental organisation|
Member Associations provide non-profit family planning services, sexual health and abuse prevention training and education. Their goals include giving clients the information necessary to make informed sexual health decisions, promoting continuing sexual health, making available high quality sexual health services, improving the overall health of low income individuals, and using democratic organisation and the leadership of volunteers to promote these goals. Over 40% of the organisation's resources are aimed at serving the needs of young people; as the IPPF explains, individuals under 25 (and especially females) are at a much higher risk of getting infected with HIV.
The IPPF is financially supported by governments, trusts, and foundations including the European Commission and the United Nations Population Fund for special projects. Half of the balance of their funding comes from government official development assistance programmes. To achieve their goals as an organisation, the IPPF often collaborates with the World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
The IPPF is a prominent lobbyist in the European Union: specifically, for the European Council and the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). It is the only non-governmental organisation (NGO) that focuses on sexual health and reproductive rights to qualify for Consultative Status with the Council of Europe. This allows the IPPF to sit in on the Parliamentary Assembly.
In April 2011, it was revealed that IPPF, which had applied for an $18 million grant more than a year previously, had been denied funding by a Conservative Party government due to lobbying efforts by "pro-life" groups.
On 22 September 2011, the Canadian International Development Agency granted IPPF $6 million over three years. The money is for services yet to be rendered in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Mali, Sudan, and Tanzania. Many anti-abortion activists have been critical of the spending including conservative MP Brad Trost who criticised his own party for supporting the "pro-choice" group.
United States fundingEdit
IPPF is a "pro-choice" organisation that advocates for access to contraception and safe abortion services. This has led IPPF into conflict with conservative social forces, including the Roman Catholic Church and the administration of U.S. President George W. Bush, who reinstated the Mexico City Policy in 2001. This policy required non-governmental organisations in receipt of U.S. funds to refrain from providing birth control and/or abortion-related services, and was first instituted by President Ronald Reagan in 1984 after lobbying from the Vatican following's Reagan's establishment of official diplomatic relations with the Holy See. IPPF opted not to alter its method of operation, and, as a result, lost 20% of its funding during the time the Mexico City Policy was in effect. The policy was rescinded by President Barack Obama in January 2009, but was reinstated by President Donald Trump in January 2017.
The International Planned Parenthood Federation was established after earlier efforts to organise the post-World War II family planning and population control movements. The first conference was organised by the Swedish Association for Sexuality Education in Stockholm, in August 1946. Two years later another meeting was held, the International Congress on Population and World Resources in Relation to the Family, in Cheltenham, England in August 1948, predated the establishment of the IPPF.
- Third International Conference on Planned Parenthood, Bombay (present-day Mumbai), India (24–29 November 1952)
- Fourth International Conference on Planned Parenthood, Stockholm, Sweden (17–22 August 1953)
- Fifth International Conference on Planned Parenthood, Tokyo, Japan (24–29 October 1955)
- Sixth International Conference on Planned Parenthood, New Delhi, India (14–21 February 1959)
- Seventh International Conference on Planned Parenthood, Singapore (February 1963)
- Eighth International Conference on Planned Parenthood, Santiago, Chile (April 1967)
- Ninth International Conference on Planned Parenthood, Brighton, England (October 1973)
- "What we do". ippf.org. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
- MacCharles, Tonda (21 April 2011). "Anti-abortion groups shaped Tory funding policy on Planned Parenthood". Toronto Star.
- Berthiaume, Lee (28 September 2011). "Anti-abortion supporters angered over CIDA funding for abortion-offering group". Montreal Gazette.[permanent dead link]
- Haight, Lana (29 September 2011). "Conservative MP Trost criticizes gov't over Planned Parenthood". The StarPhoenix.[permanent dead link]
- "The U.S. and The Vatican on Birth Control". TIME.com. 24 February 1992. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
- "Mexico City Policy – Voluntary Population Planning". President of the United States of America. 23 January 2009. Archived from the original on 12 June 2010. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
- Tapper, Jake (23 January 2009). "Obama Overturns 'Mexico City Policy' Implemented by Reagan". ABC News.
- German Wikipedia: Pro Familia
- French Wikipedia: Mouvement français pour le planning familial
- Suitters, Beryl (1973). Be Brave and Angry: Chronicles of the International Planned Parenthood Federation. London: IPPF. p. 18.
- Family Planning Association of Great Britain (1948). Proccedings of the International Congress on Population and World Resources in Relation to the Family. London: H. K. Lewis & Co. Ltd.
- Family Plannig Association of India (1952). The Third International Conference on Planned Parenthood. Bombay: Family Planning Association of India.
- IPPF (1953). The Fourth International Conference on Planned Parenthood. London: IPPF.
- IPPF (1955). The Fifth International Conference on Planned Parenthood, Report of the Proceedings. London: IPPF.
- IPPF (1959). The Sixth International Conference on Planned Parenthood, Report of Proceedings. London: IPPF.
- Suitters, Beryl (1973). Be Brave and Angry: Chronicles of the International Planned Parenthood Federation. London: IPPF. pp. 246–47.
- Suitters, Beryl (1973). Be Brave and Angry: Chronicles of the International Planned Parenthood Federation. London: IPPF. pp. 362–366.
- Suitters, Beryl (1973). Be Brave and Angry: Chronicles of the International Planned Parenthood Federation. London: IPPF. p. 396.