International Mother Earth Day

International Mother Earth Day was established in 2009, by the United Nations General Assembly under Resolution A/RES/63/278. The Resolution was introduced by Bolivia and endorsed by over 50 member states.[1] It recognizes that "the Earth and its ecosystems are our home" and that "it is necessary to promote harmony with nature and the Earth." The term Mother Earth is used because it "reflects the interdependence that exists among human beings, other living species and the planet we all inhabit". It is decided to designate April 22 as International Mother Earth Day.[2]

International Mother Earth Day
International Mother Earth Day
Date(s)April 22
Location(s)All UN Member States
InauguratedApril 22, 2010 (2010-04-22)
Most recentOngoing

General Assembly President Miguel d'Escoto Brockmann welcomed the creation of International Mother Earth Day, saying: "International Mother Earth Day promotes a view of the Earth as the entity that sustains all living things found in nature. Inclusiveness is at the heart of International Mother Earth Day; fostering shared responsibilities to rebuild our troubled relationship with nature is a cause that is uniting people around the world."[3]



In 1968, Morton Hilbert and the U.S. Public Health Service organized the Human Ecology Symposium, where a conference was held for students to listen to scientists discuss the effects of environmental degradation on human health.[4] This was the first precursor to Earth Day. Over the next two years, Hilbert and his students worked to plan the first Earth Day.[5] Other efforts such as the Survival Project, one of the earliest educational events for environmental awareness, took place at Northwestern University on January 23, 1970. This was the first of several events held on university campuses across the United States. Another founder was Ira Einhorn.[6] Additionally, Ralph Nader began speaking about the importance of ecology in 1970.

The first Earth Day event took place on April 22, 1970, initiated by Senator and environmental activist Gaylord Nelson to advocate for the creation of an environmental agency. This event saw participation from two thousand universities, ten thousand primary and secondary schools, and hundreds of communities. The social pressure yielded results, and the United States government established the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and a series of laws aimed at protecting the environment.[7][8][9]

See also



  2. ^ "Links to documents". 2002-09-09. Retrieved 2013-10-08.
  3. ^ "Statements and messages - President of the 63rd Session of the UN General Assembly". 2009-04-22. Retrieved 2013-10-08.
  4. ^ "Bentley Historical Library Finding Aids". 18 October 1976. Retrieved 22 April 2011.
  5. ^ "Historical Timeline – About UM SPH". Archived from the original on 5 May 2011. Retrieved 22 April 2011.
  6. ^ "Hippieguruen drepte kjæresten - stakk av til et liv i sus og dus" (in Norwegian). Dagbladet. 1 November 2015. Archived from the original on 4 April 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2020. Ira Einhorn era un ávido oponente de la violencia y la guerra de Vietnam. Pero también autoproclamado ecologista y uno de los iniciadores del Día de la Tierra, organizado por primera vez en los Estados Unidos el 22 de abril de 1970.
  7. ^ "Día Internacional de la Madre Tierra". Organización de las Naciones Unidas
  8. ^ US EPA, OA (2013-01-29). "The Origins of EPA". Retrieved 2024-04-01.
  9. ^ US EPA, OA. "EPA Order 1110.2 -- Initial Organization of the EPA". Retrieved 2024-04-01.