The Innoko River (/ɪˈnk/; (Deg Xinag: Yooniq) is a 500-mile (800 km) tributary of the Yukon River in the U.S. state of Alaska.[1] It flows north from its origin south of Cloudy Mountain in the Kuskokwim Mountains and then southwest to meet the larger river across from Holy Cross.[5]

Innoko River
Innoko River in summer
Innoko River is located in Alaska
Innoko River
Location of the mouth of the Innoko River in Alaska
Native nameYooniq (Degexit'an)
CountryUnited States
Census AreaYukon–Koyukuk
Physical characteristics
Sourcesouth of Cloudy Mountain
 • locationInnoko National Wildlife Refuge
 • coordinates63°08′55″N 156°01′30″W / 63.14861°N 156.02500°W / 63.14861; -156.02500[1]
 • elevation2,325 ft (709 m)[2]
MouthYukon River
 • location
1.5 miles (2.4 km) east of Holy Cross
 • coordinates
62°11′45″N 159°43′15″W / 62.19583°N 159.72083°W / 62.19583; -159.72083[1]
 • elevation
26 ft (7.9 m)[1]
Length805 km (500 mi)[1]
Basin size36,517 km2 (14,099 sq mi) 34,981.3 km2 (13,506.4 sq mi)[3]
 • locationHoly Cross (near mouth)
 • average335.467 m3/s (11,846.9 cu ft/s)[4]

Most of its upper portion flows through the Innoko National Wildlife Refuge.[5] The entire river is within the Yukon–Koyukuk Census Area.[1]

Innoko is a Deg Hit’an name for the river.[6] The Russian colonial administrators also called the river Shiltonotno, Legon or Tlegon, Chagelyuk or Shageluk and Ittege at various times in the 19th century.[1]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Innoko River". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. March 31, 1981. Retrieved September 30, 2013.
  2. ^ Derived by entering source coordinates in Google Earth.
  3. ^ "Rivers Network". 2020.
  4. ^ "Rivers Network". 2020.
  5. ^ a b Alaska Atlas & Gazetteer (7th ed.). Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. 2010. pp. 100, 131. ISBN 978-0-89933-289-5.
  6. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American Place Names of the United States. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. p. 184. ISBN 0-8061-3576-X. Retrieved November 7, 2011.

External links edit