Ingavi Province

Ingavi is a province in the La Paz Department in Bolivia. This is where the Battle of Ingavi occurred on November 18, 1841 and where the World Heritage Site of Tiwanaku is situated.

Ingavi Province
Gateway of the Sun in Tiwanaku
Location of Ingavi Province within Bolivia
Location of Ingavi Province within Bolivia
Map of municipalities of Ingavi
Map of municipalities of Ingavi
Coordinates: 16°43′0″S 68°50′0″W / 16.71667°S 68.83333°W / -16.71667; -68.83333
CountryFlag of Bolivia.svg Bolivia
DepartmentLa Paz Department
 • Total5,410 km2 (2,090 sq mi)
 (2012 census)
 • Total134,535
 • Density25/km2 (64/sq mi)
 • Ethnicities
Time zoneUTC-4 (BOT)
WebsiteOfficial website
Battle of Ingavi

During the presidency of Eliodoro Villazón the province was founded on December 16, 1909 with Viacha as its capital.


Ingavi lies on the southern shore of Lake Titicaca. The Chilla-Kimsa Chata mountain range traverses the province. Some of the highest mountains of the province are listed below:[1][2][3]


Ingavi Province is divided into seven municipalities which are partly further subdivided into cantons.

Section Municipality Inhabitants (2001) [4] Inhabitants (2005, est.) Seat
1st Viacha Municipality 46,596 51,540 Viacha
2nd Guaqui Municipality 7,552 8,608 Guaqui
3rd Tiwanaku Municipality 11,309 12,936 Tiwanaku (village)
4th Desaguadero Municipality 4,981 5,395 Desaguadero
5th San Andrés de Machaca Municipality 6,299 6,967 San Andrés de Machaca
6th Jesús de Machaca Municipality 13,247 14,653 Jesús de Machaca
7th Taraco Municipality 5,922 6,774 Taraco


The people are predominantly indigenous citizens of Aymara descent.[5]

Ethnic group Viacha Municipality (%) Guaqui Municipality (%) Tiwanaku Municipality (%) Desaguadero Municipality (%) San Andrés de Machaca Municipality (%) Jesús de Machaca Municipality (%) Taraco Municipality (%)
Quechua 2.9 1.3 0.4 1.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Aymara 84.4 91.1 96.1 92.9 96.0 94.4 96.4
Guaraní, Chiquitos, Moxos 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0
Not indigenous 12.2 7.1 3.3 5.6 3.3 4.3 3.3
Other indigenous groups 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.9 0.1

Tourist attractionsEdit

Some of the tourist attractions of the municipalities are:[6]

  • In Viacha Municipality:
    • The town of Viacha
    • Viriloco lagoon, a small man made lake in Viacha Canton
    • Qalachaka bridge in Viacha Canton
    • "Virgen de Letanías" Sanctuary in Viacha Canton
    • "Pan de Azúcar" mountain in Viacha Canton
    • Fields of the Battle of Ingavi in Viacha Canton
  • In Guaqui Municipality:
    • Guaqui festivity from July 23 to July 25 celebrated in honour of Apostle James
    • Apostle James church of Guaqui built between 1625 and 1784
    • Guaqui port
  • In Tiwanaku Municipality:
    • archaeological site of Tiwanaku in Tiwanaku Canton
    • Saint Peter church in Tiwanaku
    • Willkakuti, the Andean-Amazonic New Year, celebrated on June 21 of every year in the viewpoint of Kimsa Chata mountain in Tiwanaku Canton
    • Tiwanaku festivity (Señor de la Exaltación) celebrated in Tiwanaku Canton in September
  • In Desaguadero Municipality:
  • In San Andrés de Machaca Municipality:
    • Afiani lagoon in San Andrés de Machaca Canton
    • The chullpa of Kañoma in San Andrés de Machaca Canton
    • The church of San Andrés de Machaca, built between 1806 and 1836
  • In Jesús de Machaca Municipality:
    • The archaeological site of Qhunqhu Wankani in Jesús de Machaca Canton
    • Jesús de Machaca, an indigenous community
    • Yakayuni saltflats in Jesús de Machaca Canton where salt exploitation is possible
    • Uru Iruwit'u community in Jesús de Machaca Canton and the Uru Iruwit'u museum in Jesús de Machaca
  • In Taraco Municipality:
    • Taraco Peninsula in Taraco Canton with its archaeological sites:
      • Chiripa and its museum
      • Qala Uyuni, Pumani and Achacachi Coacollo in Coacollo
      • Iwawi (Kolata Quenacache, Ojje Puku, Awichu and Ch'uxña Qala) in Higuagui Grande, Taraco Canton
    • Sikuya Island in Taraco Canton
    • The church of Taraco dating from 1767
    • Taraco museum in Taraco Canton

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ IGM map 1:50,000 5844-III Guaqui
  2. ^ IGM map 1:50,000 5843-I Sacacani
  3. ^ IGM map 1:50,000 Tiahuanacu 5844-II
  4. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadistica de Bolivia (INE) Archived 2011-09-24 at the Wayback Machine (Spanish)
  5. ^ (inactive)
  6. ^ Archived 2011-05-09 at the Wayback Machine Tourist guide by the government of the department

Coordinates: 16°43′S 68°50′W / 16.717°S 68.833°W / -16.717; -68.833