Indo-Canadian organized crime
Indo-Canadian organized crime is a term denoting organized crime groups based in Canada that are predominantly of Indian origin. Collectively, these groups are the third major homegrown organized crime problem in Canada, next to the Outlaw motorcycle clubs and Native American criminal organizations. Annual police report ranked them third in terms of sophistication and strength in British Columbia, only behind the aforementioned biker gangs and Asian criminal organizations such as the Triads and Vietnamese drug clans.
|Founding location||British Columbia|
|Years active||1990s - present|
|Territory||Punjab, India, Canada (mainly in the provinces of British Columbia, Ontario, and Alberta), California, New Jersey, New York|
|Criminal activities||Drug trafficking, weapon trafficking, robbery, contract killing, fraud, money laundering, chop shop, counterfeiting, extortion, illegal gambling, and murder|
Many of the young men involved today come from second and third generation backgrounds. These individuals were involved in petty street crimes, older and more calculated criminals from the community quickly saw opportunities to make profit of the situation. Often using clan-based connections in their homeland Punjab mainly in rural parts, organized criminals from there were able to build criminal empires making use of young street gangs. The first major Punjabi-Canadian crime boss was Bindy Johal, although many and more powerful crime characters followed. Unfortunately Punjabi-Canadian gang violence is still on a high, recorded that from 2006 to 2014, 34 South Asians (disproportionately Punjabi) had been murdered by gang violence making up for 21.3% of gang deaths in B.C.
The main trade of the Punjabi-Canadian crime groups is the trafficking of heroin. Punjabi-Canadian crime bosses use their family connections in Punjab to bring in the drug. Punjabi-Canadian crime groups widened the reach of their activities and delved criminal areas such as extortion, kidnapping, money laundering and above all contract killing. Organized gangs from the community have infiltrated the local transportation business, setting up connections with Mexican drug cartels and using truck drivers to smuggle cocaine and hashish from Mexico into the United States and Canada.
- Kim Bolan (Oct 1, 2005). "Stepping up the ranks". Vancouver Sun.
- Rattan Mall (September 10, 2014). "34 South Asian victims in gang-related homicides January 2006-March 2014". Indo-Canadian Voice.
- "Canada gang wars have a Punjab connection". sunday-guardian.com. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- "Indo-Canadian truck drivers from GTA caught in web of North American drug trade". thestar.com. 14 October 2012. Retrieved 2 August 2015.