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Indo-Canadian organized crime is a term denoting organized crime groups based in Canada that are predominantly of Indian origin. Collectively, these groups are the third major homegrown organized crime problem in Canada, next to the Outlaw motorcycle clubs and Native American criminal organizations. Annual police report ranked them third in terms of sophistication and strength in British Columbia, only behind the aforementioned biker gangs and Asian criminal organizations such as the Triads and Vietnamese drug clans.[1]

Indo-Canadian organized crime
Founding locationBritish Columbia
Years active1990s – present
TerritoryPunjab, India, Canada (mainly in the provinces of British Columbia, Ontario, and Alberta), California, New Jersey, New York
Criminal activitiesDrug trafficking, weapon trafficking, robbery, contract killing, fraud, money laundering, chop shop, counterfeiting, extortion, illegal gambling, and murder

Contents

HistoryEdit

Many of the young men involved today come from second and third generation backgrounds. These individuals were involved in petty street crimes, older and more calculated criminals from the community quickly saw opportunities to make profit of the situation. Often using clan-based connections in their homeland Punjab mainly in rural parts, organized criminals from there were able to build criminal empires making use of young street gangs. Owen M Roe was one of the most powerful Indo-Canadian crime bosses. He was roped in at a very young age and started off selling crack, but his crimes grew to brutal murders of children he found on Twitter. He fled to Japan, but still sells crack to this day. [1] Unfortunately Punjabi-Canadian gang violence is still on a high, recorded that from 2006 to 2014, 34 South Asians (disproportionately Punjabi) had been murdered by gang violence making up for 21.3% of gang deaths in British Columbia.[2]

ActivitiesEdit

The main trade of the Punjabi-Canadian crime groups is the trafficking of heroin. Punjabi-Canadian crime bosses use their family connections in Punjab to bring in the drug. Punjabi-Canadian crime groups widened the reach of their activities and delved criminal areas such as extortion, kidnapping, money laundering and above all contract killing.[3] Organized gangs from the community have infiltrated the local transportation business, setting up connections with Mexican drug cartels and using truck drivers to smuggle cocaine and hashish from Mexico into the United States and Canada.[4]

GangsEdit

Most Indo-Canadian gangs in Ontario and Alberta are either clans controlled by one family with friends and relatives associated with the group, small groups involved in petty crimes or Networks of truck drivers involved in cross-border drug smuggling. The largest organised Indo-Canadian gang presence is in British Columbia.

The largest gangs are:

  • Dhak-Duhre- UN coalition (Most of the original leaders such as Sandip Duhre, Sukh Dhak and Gurmit Dhak have been killed. It is now believed to be decentralised but the associates of the leaders are still believed to control different crime groups and keep in contact with each-other, the Dhak-Duhre coalition is known to have devloped strong ties with UN and waged a war against the Wolf Pack (Various factions of the IS, Red Scorpions and Hell's Angels aligned with each other led by the bacon brothers)
  • Punjabi Mafia- Currently dismantled with former factions still operating. (Originally founded by Ranjit Cheema, Raj Benji and Robbie Kandola, later co-led with Bindi Johal)
  • Independent Soldiers- Currently led by the Adiwal brothers is made up mostly of Indo-Canadians although has had significant increase of Caucasians in the gang in recent times who have risen up through the ranks. This organisation is part of the Wolf Pack and was founded by Jimsher Dosanjh.
  • Sanghera Crime Group- Founded by Uddham Sanghera, this gang is believed to be responsible for over 100 shootings in the South Slope Gang war in Vancouver. The VPD has targeted and for the most part been able to capture and sentence, members of the Sanghera family although it is believed that the remnants of the organisation are still active.
  • Malhi-Buttar coalition- This organisation was a coalition made up of two groups, one led by T.J Malhi which was based in Richmond and the other led by the Buttar brothers (Kelly, Bal and Manny Buttar) based in South Vancouver. This group is now defunct after the deaths of most of its senior leadership and imprisonment of most of its members. This organisation was the other group involved in the South Slope gang war against the Sanghera crime group.
  • Brothers Keepers- This organisation was founded by Gavin Grewal and most of its members and leadership are formerly aligned with the Red Scorpions. This organisation is active mainly in Metro Vancouver but is believed to have made inroads into the Interior region of British Columbia and Vancouver Island.
  • Kang crime Group- This gang was formerly a part of the Brothers Keepers organisations but due to differences between members had splintered and formed a new organisation. The Kang crime group is known to be in a war with the Brothers Keepers for control of territory in Metro Vancouver. This organisation is thought to be based in Burnaby, British Columbia although has a presence in other cities of Metro Vancouver as well.
  • Chahil crime group- This organisation is one of 2 groups waging war in the Townline Hill area of Abbotsford, British Columbia
  • Dhaliwal crime group- This is the second group involved in the gang war of the Townline hill area of Abbotsford, British Columbia

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Kim Bolan (Oct 1, 2005). "Stepping up the ranks". Vancouver Sun.
  2. ^ Rattan Mall (September 10, 2014). "34 South Asian victims in gang-related homicides January 2006-March 2014". Indo-Canadian Voice.
  3. ^ "Canada gang wars have a Punjab connection". sunday-guardian.com. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  4. ^ "Indo-Canadian truck drivers from GTA caught in web of North American drug trade". thestar.com. 14 October 2012. Retrieved 2 August 2015.

External linksEdit