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The York Regional Police (YRP) are a law enforcement organization that serves over 1.1 million residents in the York Region of Ontario, Canada, located north of Toronto. YRP was formed in 1971 from the police forces maintained by the nine municipalities which amalgamated into York Region at the time.

York Regional Police
York Regional Police Logo.svg
MottoDeeds Speak
Agency overview
Formed1971
Headquarters47 Don Hillock Drive, Aurora, Ontario

Sworn members1562 (2015)[1]
Unsworn members618 (2015)[1]
Elected officer responsible
Agency executive
Facilities
Districts5
Website
www.yrp.ca

While YRP provides marine policing in the waters on Lake Simcoe, policing for Georgina Island (as well as Fox and Snake islands) is provided by the Georgian Island Police with assistance from the Ontario Provincial Police. The islands had separate policing under Ontario First Nation policing since 1971.[2]

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
York Regional Police at a Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada fundraising event

The York Regional Police were formed in 1971, when the province forced the creation of a regional upper-tier municipal government that included the lower-tier municipalities of York County.[3]

Prior to 1971, there were several police forces serving individual communities:

  • County of York Constabulary[4]
  • King Township Police;
  • Vaughan Township Police - dates back to the establishment of Vaughan Township Municipal Police Department in 1924[4]
  • Whitchurch Township Police
  • Markham Township Police - responsible for policing in the villages of Markham, Thornhill and Unionville
  • North Gwillimbury Township Police;
  • Georgina Township Police;
  • East Gwillimbury Township Police;
  • Town of Richmond Hill Police;
  • Town of Newmarket Police;
  • Town of Aurora Police;
  • Village of Stouffville Police;
  • Village of Sutton Police;
  • Village of Woodbridge Police

The YRP's motto, "Deeds Speak", is derived from the motto of the 3rd York Militia Regiment, many of whom also served as local constables in the Home District.[3] The YRP crest is based on the crest from the former County of York government.

CommandEdit

The YRP's senior command consists of a chief of police and two deputy chiefs.

The head of the police service is Chief Eric Jolliffe who was sworn in as chief on December 13, 2010. He replaced retired Chief Armand P. La Barge, after he completed 37 years of service. Chief Jolliffe was a former deputy chief of the force. The administration and senior command are based at York Regional Police Headquarters in Aurora, Ontario.

List of chiefs of the York Regional PoliceEdit

A list of chiefs of the York Regional Police since its creation in 1971:

  • Bruce Allan Crawford 1971-1987, former Metropolitan Toronto Police officer, former Chief of the Toronto Harbour Commission Police
  • Donald Hillock 1987-1992, former Aurora Township Police officer
  • Bryan Cousineau 1992-1997, retired former Whitchurch Township officer; charged with breach of trust during his time as chief
  • Peter Scott 1997-1998, acting chief after the retirement of Bryan Cousineau
  • Julian Fantino 1998-2000, former senior Metro Toronto Police officer, chief of the London Police, later as Toronto Police chief, provincial commissioner of emergency management (assistant deputy minister) and former Commissioner of the OPP
  • Robert Middaugh 2000-December 12, 2002, 34-year career police officer; former deputy chief in Halton, chief in Hamilton-Wentworth
  • Armand P. La Barge December 12, 2002-December 2010, former York Regional Police Deputy Chief and career officer with the force
  • Eric Jolliffe December 13, 2010 – present

OperationsEdit

 
York Regional Police vehicles on the scene of a car accident in Vaughan

Operations are composed of:

  • Administrative services
  • Information services
  • Investigative services
  • Support services
  • Community services
  • Court services
  • Emergency support (ERU and EDU)

Operating districtsEdit

The York Regional Police are divided into five geographical districts:

  • 1 District - 240 Prospect St, Newmarket serving:

Newmarket, Ontario

Aurora, Ontario

East Gwillimbury, Ontario

King, Ontario

  • 2 District - 171 Major Mackenzie Dr West, Richmond Hill serving:

Richmond Hill, Ontario

Oak Ridges, Ontario

Thornhill, Ontario

  • 3 District - 3527 Baseline Rd, Sutton serving:

Georgina, Ontario

Lake Simcoe (patrolled by the Marine Unit)

  • 4 District - 2700 Rutherford Rd, Vaughan serving:

Vaughan, Ontario

  • 5 District - 8700 McCowan Rd, Markham serving:

Markham, Ontario

Whitchurch-Stouffville, Ontario

Each district is headed by a superintendent and inspector.

Operational buildingsEdit

  • Whitchurch-Stouffville Community Substation, 111 Sandiford Dr, Whitchurch-Stouffville

The York Regional Police provide a substation to the community of Whitchurch-Stouffville.[5] Numerous personnel work out of this substation to provide a police presence within the community.

  • King Community Policing Centre (Tristan Centre Arena), King Township

Opened in August 2011, the King Community Policing Centre hosts several events including safety clinics and community events. It is supported by several of the service's volunteers and civilian staff to strengthen the standards of safety, well-being and quality of life in the community.[6]

  • Community Safety Village of York Region, Bruce's Mill Conservation Area, 3291 Stouffville Rd, Stouffville

York Regional Police's Community Safety Village is a resource used by the service to teach young children about fire, traffic and personal safety. The resource includes a 10,000 square foot replica town with crosswalks, functioning traffic lighting and signals. Usually the resource is utilized by local schools, however, several family events are held at the location yearly.[7]

  • Community Resource Centre (collision reporting and customer service), 10720 Yonge St, Richmond Hill

A community resource centre is available to residents of the southern municipalities in the region.[8]

This location hosts the service's Collision Reporting Centre.

Marine unitEdit

The marine unit consists of 11 full-time members and patrols the southern shoreline of Lake Simcoe and other York Region waterways. It is responsible for approximately 350 square kilometers of Lake Simcoe and can service the entire lake if required. The marine unit operates out of 3 District Headquarters in Sutton. The unit has seven vessels at their disposal and are deployed from Keswick Community Policing Office 290 The Queensway South at Marina Drive.

Emergency supportEdit

Emergency support is a 23-member unit with an emergency response unit and explosive disposal unit.

WorkforceEdit

The service currently has an authorized strength of close to 1,600 sworn members and approximately 500 civilian staff.

FleetEdit

The York Regional Police are one of two forces in the greater Toronto area with an active air support unit (Durham is the other). While the Toronto Police Service does not have an air unit, York's air unit serves their area under a mutual support agreement.

Marked cruisers are labelled with the motto "Deeds Speak".

 
York Regional Police Ford Taurus cruiser
 
Ford Crown Victoria cruiser
 
Ford Crown Victoria unmarked cruiser
 
Ford Explorer SUV
 
Suzuki Grand Vitara SUV
 
Supervisor vehicle: Chevrolet Tahoe SUV
Product list and details
 Make/Model   Type   Status 
Ford Taurus (marked) - regular cruisers Active
Ford Explorer (marked) - regular cruisers active
Ford Crown Victoria (marked) - regular cruisers active
Dodge Charger cruiser
Chevrolet Impala cruiser (paid duty) active
Chevrolet Malibu cruiser
Chevrolet Suburban ERU SUV active
Chevrolet Caprice and Caprice Classic cruiser 1970s-1980s - all retired
Harley-Davidson FLHTP motorcycle active
Dodge Ram van active
Enstrom 480 (Callsign: AIR1) retired and traded-in for - Eurocopter EC120B (Callsign: AIR2) helicopter active
GMC C6500 RIDE command vehicle active
GMC Vandura forensics unit truck active
Chevrolet C4500 support vehicle active
GMC Savanna 4500 support vehicle active
Chevrolet Tahoe supervisor SUV active
Ford Freestar van active
Suzuki Grand Vitara community service SUV active
Farbor/Freightliner trucks command unit active
MU1 (MAR1) Waawaatesi(named for the Ojibway word for "firefly") 34' marine launch;[9] stationed at the Keswick Community Policing Office active
MU2 (MAR2) - Naawig (named for the Ojibway word for "out in deep water"[10]) 38' marine launch for open water operations with water nozzle on bow for marine fire fighting support to the Georgina Fire Department; stationed at the Keswick Community Policing Office active
A15 6 metres (20 ft) RHIB zodiac[11] with 115 hp engine for water rescue operations; stationed at the Keswick Community Policing Office active
A16 3.2 metres (10 ft) inflatable zodiac[12] for water rescue operations; stationed at the Keswick Community Policing Office active
A17 - 'John' canine boat; stationed at the Keswick Community Policing Office active
Volkswagen Beetle safety bug (community vehicle) active
MU03 - Dawaabin 1000 Island Airboats Inc 24' / 584 hp airboat for ice rescue operations on Lake Simcoe; stationed at the Keswick Community Policing Office active
Cambli International Thunder 1 armoured tactical response vehicle for ERU delivered in 2011
Admiral Drive Systems Incorporated London ON 7.49 metres (24.6 ft) aluminium vessel with 200 hp engine;[13] stationed at the Keswick Community Policing Office active
Yamaha 3.35 metres (11.0 ft) workboats;[14][15] stationed at the Keswick Community Policing Office active
Yamaha Grizzly 550 all terrain vehicle for community oriented response unit patrol active
Bombardier Recreational Products CAN AM 500CC all terrain vehicle for community oriented response unit patrol 2012; retired
Icor Technology Mk III Caliber Robot remote control robot 2016

Three of the YRP's boats were named by Elder Barbara McDonald of the Chippewas of Georgina Island First Nation.[10]

UniformEdit

Front line officers are dressed in dark blue (shirts, cargo pants (with red stripe) and boots), standard in most municipal police forces in Ontario. Winter jackets are either black or reflective orange/yellow with the word police in white and blue at the back. Previously the force wore light blue shirts.

The uniform patch consist of the force's crest with wording "York Regional Police" on a black tombstone shape.

Auxiliary members wear the same uniform, lack of weapons, different shoulder patch and different hat band (black and red sillitoe tartan) distinguishes them from front line officers.

Officers wear standard forage caps and may opt for Yukon hats in the winter. Motorcycle units have white helmets. Black or reflective gloves are also provided to officers directing traffic. Red caps are used by search teams looking for missing persons.

Senior officers have white shirts and a dark blue dress jacket.

CrestEdit

  • St. Edward's Crown
  • Ribbon containing the words York Regional Police
  • the escutcheon contains:
    • The "deer stricken by an arrow" represents the original state of the country
    • The "sheaf of wheat" represents the first progress in agriculture
    • The "tree with an axe" represents the first act of improvement
    • The "steam boat" represents the high state of technological advancement at the time[16]

FlagEdit

The YRP's flag consists of a nautical B signal flag with the YRP crest located in the white portion.

RanksEdit

The rank insignia of the York Regional Police is similar to that used by police services elsewhere in Canada and in the United Kingdom, except that the usual "pips" are replaced by maple leaves.

Rank Commanding officers Senior officers Police officers Officer in training
Chief of police Deputy chief of police Staff superintendent Superintendent Staff inspector Inspector Staff sergeant Sergeant Constable Cadet
Insignia

(Slip-on)

Insignia

(Shoulder board)

Shoulder boards not used for these ranks

Police senior officersEdit

The day-to-day and regional operations are commanded by senior officers:

Uniformed non-commissioned officersEdit

On-road enforcement and emergency response is supervised by:

Investigative non-commissioned officersEdit

Investigations are divided into crimes against persons and crimes against property. These investigations are conducted by:

Police officersEdit

  • Constable - first class (4+ years), second class (3+ years), third class (2+ years), fourth class (1+ years), probationary (less than 1 year)

Civilian membersEdit

  • Cadet
  • Special constable (court security officers) - special constables are sworn-in pursuant to section 53 of the Police Services Act which confers peace officer status. Special constables have the powers of police officers to enforce federal statutes and various provincial statutes while in the execution of their duties.
  • Station duty officers
  • Police communicators
  • Auxiliary constables (approximately 140 members since 2016) pursuant to section 52 of the Police Services Act, a chief of police can appoint auxiliary constables to act as volunteers. An auxiliary constable is not a peace officer but has the authority of a police officer only if he or she is accompanied or supervised by a police officer and is authorized to perform police duties by the chief of police.
  • Fleet assistant - deal with maintenance of YRP vehicles

CommunicationsEdit

Communications is the branch of the York Regional Police responsible for receiving all 911 and non-emergency police calls. Under the supervision of information services, police communicators are on duty 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.

The communications center is located within police headquarters in Aurora, Ontario. The communications staff are non-sworn members of the York Regional Police, though the bureau is under the direction of an inspector and a staff sergeant.

WeaponsEdit

Product list and details
 Make/Model   Type   Status 
Glock 22 or 23 pistol active
Beretta Centurion 96D pistol active
Remington 870P or Remington 870 Police Magnum pump-action shotgun active
Beretta 9mm semi-automatic pistols sold to the Belleville Police Service
Colt Canada C8 rifle rifle active - used by ERU
ARWEN 37 riot gun
? Sniper rifle

Emergency response unitEdit

The emergency response unit (ERU) is the YRP SWAT team formed in 1980. The ERU is a group of specialized operators. The unit's primary mandate is to deal with high-risk situations beyond the safe operating limits of police officers with their normal equipment and training. The ERU provides assistance during any high risk situations by performing the following;

  • Containment
  • Apprehension of armed and/or barricaded persons
  • Hostage rescue
  • Explosive forced entry
  • Explosive disposal
  • High risk search warrants
  • High risk vehicles/trains/aircraft assaults

In 1988 demand for the ERU was on the rise. Various operational obligations including the fatal shooting of an armed suspect by the ERU during a hostage rescue in Richmond Hill highlighted the need for additional members. In 1989 the ERU increased to 11 members.

In 2001 the York Regional Police established a shared service agreement with the Durham Regional Police Service, which allows for reciprocal tactical support in the event of large scale or long duration deployments. The York Regional Police provide tactical team and hostage rescue team support to the South Simcoe Police Service upon their request.

Following the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in New York City, increased awareness of terrorist threats provided the greatest single incentive for growth and investment of tactical teams in Ontario since the 1976 Olympics in Montreal, Quebec.

The ERU's roster was expanded in 2002 to an undisclosed number. The roster includes both snipers and explosives technicians.

The ERU has full explosive forced entry capabilities, which are mainly used in its hostage rescue and armed/barricaded operations. The ERU is regularly involved in high-risk search warrant services within the York Region and the Greater Toronto Area as well as a number of high-profile joint forces operations within Ontario.

The York Regional Police ERU conduct their own strenuous selection process, with the applicants mainly being from the departments' uniformed divisions. The unit also trains its own candidates in most required disciplines and is one of the founding members of the Ontario Tactical Advisory Body (OTAB).

Members of the ERU currently hold positions within the OTAB and Canadian Explosive Technicians Association (CETA) as well as membership in the National Tactical Officers Association (NTOA) and International Association of Bomb Technicians and Investigators (IABTI).

Traffic bureauEdit

The traffic bureau was formed in 1989. At that time, the traffic bureau worked out of offices located at 200 Industrial Parkway South in the Town of Aurora. The traffic bureau was made up of officers whose primary function was to enforce traffic related laws. The unit was made up of six officers who drove motorcycles and marked police cruisers.

As time went on the unit began to specialize in the reconstruction of motor vehicle collisions. The unit expanded to approximately 20 officers working on four different platoons. The platoons followed the regular uniform officer shifts.

Collision reconstruction unitEdit

On January 1, 2002, the traffic bureau was split into two separate entities, a traffic enforcement unit and a technical collision investigation unit (TCIU). The TCIU. was made up of six officers on two separate shifts supervised by one supervisor.

In 2004, the technical collision investigation unit was renamed the "collision reconstruction unit". The unit had eight members made up of investigators and collision reconstructionists. The unit was still working with two shifts and each shift had a supervisor.

At present the collision reconstruction unit is made up of 10 officers. Two teams of four investigators and collision reconstructionists and a supervisor. The team members specialize in investigative techniques and collision reconstruction.

On December 15, 2003, York Regional Police's collision reconstruction unit investigated a collision on Rutherford Road west of Pine Valley Drive in the City of Vaughan that killed former NHL Chicago Black Hawks player Keith Magnusson. Rob Ramage, another former NHL player, was arrested and charged with impaired operation causing death and bodily harm, dangerous operation causing death and bodily harm, as well as over 80mgs. At the trial in the fall of 2007, Ramage was convicted of all the counts except the over 80mgs. In January 2008, Ramage was sentenced to four years in prison. He appealed his conviction and sentence. On July 12, 2010, the Ontario Court of Appeal upheld the conviction and sentence.

The members of the unit have received training in collision reconstruction, marine reconstruction and other related fields in Ontario as well as in the US

Enforcement unitEdit

The enforcement unit is responsible for enforcement of all traffic laws. Officers from the enforcement unit perform breath tests and test drivers for sobriety utilizing standardized field sobriety testing and drug recognition experts. The York Regional Police's traffic bureau has trained over 100 frontline officers in the SFST battery and 15 officers trained as DREs

Officers from the enforcement unit utilize various speed measuring devices from hand-held radars and lasers to moving radar units in their police vehicles. Speed enforcement is conducted throughout the region. Special computerized ticket writing units are utilized in police vehicles to ensure there are no human errors.

The enforcement unit also instituted a prohibited driver program where officers investigate persons convicted of criminal driving offences whereby their driving privileges are revoked. Members use unmarked vehicles and conduct surveillance on suspects' home and court to catch violators.

Emergency servicesEdit

The York Regional Police are part of the York Region's emergency services and works with:

Community servicesEdit

Bucky the Beaver is the force's mascot and is used at community events.[18]

Bobby the Bear, Morris the Moose and Bucky the Beaver represent the York Regional Police at various special events.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "2015 York Regional Police Annual Report" (PDF). York Regional Police. p. 9. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  2. ^ http://georginaisland.com/community-services/fire-police-services/
  3. ^ a b http://www.yrp.ca/default.aspx?pg=b507d132-5457-47bf-955f-887f3b5da98c
  4. ^ a b https://www.vaughan.ca/services/vaughan_archives/findingaids/VaughanDocuments/Vaughan%20Township%20Police%20Department%20Fonds.pdf
  5. ^ http://www.yrp.ca/en/about/whitchurch-stouffville-community-substation.asp
  6. ^ http://www.yrp.ca/en/community/township-of-king-community-policing-centre.asp
  7. ^ http://www.yrp.ca/en/community/community-safety-village.asp?_mid_=316
  8. ^ http://www.yrp.ca/en/about/community-resource-centre.asp
  9. ^ http://wwwapps.tc.gc.ca/Saf-Sec-Sur/4/vrqs-srib/eng/vessel-registrations/details/827453
  10. ^ a b http://www.yorkregion.com/news-story/3839991-new-police-boat-unveiled-in-keswick/
  11. ^ http://wwwapps.tc.gc.ca/Saf-Sec-Sur/4/vrqs-srib/eng/vessel-registrations/details/C14233ON
  12. ^ http://wwwapps.tc.gc.ca/Saf-Sec-Sur/4/vrqs-srib/eng/vessel-registrations/details/C11464ON
  13. ^ http://wwwapps.tc.gc.ca/Saf-Sec-Sur/4/vrqs-srib/eng/vessel-registrations/details/C24923ON
  14. ^ http://wwwapps.tc.gc.ca/Saf-Sec-Sur/4/vrqs-srib/eng/vessel-registrations/details/C20754ON
  15. ^ http://wwwapps.tc.gc.ca/Saf-Sec-Sur/4/vrqs-srib/eng/vessel-registrations/details/C20755ON
  16. ^ "Official Board Crest". Regional Municipality of York Police Services Board. Retrieved February 19, 2015.
  17. ^ a b "R.R.O. 1990, Regulation 929: MUNICIPAL POLICE FORCES under Police Services Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. P.15". Ontario E-Laws. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  18. ^ http://www.snaprichmondhill.com/index.php?option=com_sngevents&id%5B%5D=66638

External linksEdit