York Regional Police
The York Regional Police (YRP) are a law enforcement organization that serves over 1.1 million residents in the York Region of Ontario, Canada, located north of Toronto. YRP was formed in 1971 from the police forces maintained by the nine municipalities which amalgamated into York Region at the time.
|York Regional Police|
|Headquarters||47 Don Hillock Drive, Aurora, Ontario|
|Sworn members||1562 (2015)|
|Unsworn members||618 (2015)|
|Elected officer responsible|
While YRP provides marine policing in the waters on Lake Simcoe, policing for Georgina Island (as well as Fox and Snake islands) is provided by the Georgian Island Police with assistance from the Ontario Provincial Police. The islands had separate policing under Ontario First Nation policing since 1971.
Prior to 1971, there were several police forces serving individual communities:
- County of York Constabulary
- King Township Police;
- Vaughan Township Police - dates back to the establishment of Vaughan Township Municipal Police Department in 1924
- Whitchurch Township Police
- Markham Township Police - responsible for policing in the villages of Markham, Thornhill and Unionville
- North Gwillimbury Township Police;
- Georgina Township Police;
- East Gwillimbury Township Police;
- Town of Richmond Hill Police;
- Town of Newmarket Police;
- Town of Aurora Police;
- Village of Stouffville Police;
- Village of Sutton Police;
- Village of Woodbridge Police
The YRP's motto, "Deeds Speak", is derived from the motto of the 3rd York Militia Regiment, many of whom also served as local constables in the Home District. The YRP crest is based on the crest from the former County of York government.
The YRP's senior command consists of a chief of police and two deputy chiefs.
The head of the police service is Chief Eric Jolliffe who was sworn in as chief on December 13, 2010. He replaced retired Chief Armand P. La Barge, after he completed 37 years of service. Chief Jolliffe was a former deputy chief of the force. The administration and senior command are based at York Regional Police Headquarters in Aurora, Ontario.
List of chiefs of the York Regional PoliceEdit
A list of chiefs of the York Regional Police since its creation in 1971:
- Bruce Allan Crawford 1971-1987, former Metropolitan Toronto Police officer, former Chief of the Toronto Harbour Commission Police
- Donald Hillock 1987-1992, former Aurora Township Police officer
- Bryan Cousineau 1992-1997, retired former Whitchurch Township officer; charged with breach of trust during his time as chief
- Peter Scott 1997-1998, acting chief after the retirement of Bryan Cousineau
- Julian Fantino 1998-2000, former senior Metro Toronto Police officer, chief of the London Police, later as Toronto Police chief, provincial commissioner of emergency management (assistant deputy minister) and former Commissioner of the OPP
- Robert Middaugh 2000-December 12, 2002, 34-year career police officer; former deputy chief in Halton, chief in Hamilton-Wentworth
- Armand P. La Barge December 12, 2002-December 2010, former York Regional Police Deputy Chief and career officer with the force
- Eric Jolliffe December 13, 2010 – present
Operations are composed of:
- Administrative services
- Information services
- Investigative services
- Support services
- Community services
- Court services
- Emergency support (ERU and EDU)
The York Regional Police are divided into five geographical districts:
- 1 District - 240 Prospect St, Newmarket serving:
- 2 District - 171 Major Mackenzie Dr West, Richmond Hill serving:
- 3 District - 3527 Baseline Rd, Sutton serving:
→ Lake Simcoe (patrolled by the Marine Unit)
- 4 District - 2700 Rutherford Rd, Vaughan serving:
- 5 District - 8700 McCowan Rd, Markham serving:
Each district is headed by a superintendent and inspector.
- Whitchurch-Stouffville Community Substation, 111 Sandiford Dr, Whitchurch-Stouffville
The York Regional Police provide a substation to the community of Whitchurch-Stouffville. Numerous personnel work out of this substation to provide a police presence within the community.
- King Community Policing Centre (Tristan Centre Arena), King Township
Opened in August 2011, the King Community Policing Centre hosts several events including safety clinics and community events. It is supported by several of the service's volunteers and civilian staff to strengthen the standards of safety, well-being and quality of life in the community.
- Community Safety Village of York Region, Bruce's Mill Conservation Area, 3291 Stouffville Rd, Stouffville
York Regional Police's Community Safety Village is a resource used by the service to teach young children about fire, traffic and personal safety. The resource includes a 10,000 square foot replica town with crosswalks, functioning traffic lighting and signals. Usually the resource is utilized by local schools, however, several family events are held at the location yearly.
- Community Resource Centre (collision reporting and customer service), 10720 Yonge St, Richmond Hill
A community resource centre is available to residents of the southern municipalities in the region.
This location hosts the service's Collision Reporting Centre.
The marine unit consists of 11 full-time members and patrols the southern shoreline of Lake Simcoe and other York Region waterways. It is responsible for approximately 350 square kilometers of Lake Simcoe and can service the entire lake if required. The marine unit operates out of 3 District Headquarters in Sutton. The unit has seven vessels at their disposal and are deployed from Keswick Community Policing Office 290 The Queensway South at Marina Drive.
Emergency support is a 23-member unit with an emergency response unit and explosive disposal unit.
The service currently has an authorized strength of close to 1,600 sworn members and approximately 500 civilian staff.
The York Regional Police are one of two forces in the greater Toronto area with an active air support unit (Durham is the other). While the Toronto Police Service does not have an air unit, York's air unit serves their area under a mutual support agreement.
Marked cruisers are labelled with the motto "Deeds Speak".
|Ford Taurus||(marked) - regular cruisers||Active|
|Ford Explorer||(marked) - regular cruisers||active|
|Ford Crown Victoria||(marked) - regular cruisers||active|
|Chevrolet Impala||cruiser (paid duty)||active|
|Chevrolet Suburban||ERU SUV||active|
|Chevrolet Caprice and Caprice Classic||cruiser||1970s-1980s - all retired|
|Enstrom 480 (Callsign: AIR1) retired and traded-in for - Eurocopter EC120B (Callsign: AIR2)||helicopter||active|
|GMC C6500||RIDE command vehicle||active|
|GMC Vandura||forensics unit truck||active|
|Chevrolet C4500||support vehicle||active|
|GMC Savanna 4500||support vehicle||active|
|Chevrolet Tahoe||supervisor SUV||active|
|Suzuki Grand Vitara||community service SUV||active|
|Farbor/Freightliner trucks||command unit||active|
|MU1 (MAR1) Waawaatesi(named for the Ojibway word for "firefly")||34' marine launch; stationed at the Keswick Community Policing Office||active|
|MU2 (MAR2) - Naawig (named for the Ojibway word for "out in deep water")||38' marine launch for open water operations with water nozzle on bow for marine fire fighting support to the Georgina Fire Department; stationed at the Keswick Community Policing Office||active|
|A15||6 metres (20 ft) RHIB zodiac with 115 hp engine for water rescue operations; stationed at the Keswick Community Policing Office||active|
|A16||3.2 metres (10 ft) inflatable zodiac for water rescue operations; stationed at the Keswick Community Policing Office||active|
|A17 - 'John'||canine boat; stationed at the Keswick Community Policing Office||active|
|Volkswagen Beetle||safety bug (community vehicle)||active|
|MU03 - Dawaabin||1000 Island Airboats Inc 24' / 584 hp airboat for ice rescue operations on Lake Simcoe; stationed at the Keswick Community Policing Office||active|
|Cambli International Thunder 1||armoured tactical response vehicle for ERU||delivered in 2011|
|Admiral Drive Systems Incorporated London ON||7.49 metres (24.6 ft) aluminium vessel with 200 hp engine; stationed at the Keswick Community Policing Office||active|
|Yamaha||3.35 metres (11.0 ft) workboats; stationed at the Keswick Community Policing Office||active|
|Yamaha Grizzly 550||all terrain vehicle for community oriented response unit patrol||active|
|Bombardier Recreational Products CAN AM 500CC||all terrain vehicle for community oriented response unit patrol||2012; retired|
|Icor Technology Mk III Caliber Robot||remote control robot||2016|
Front line officers are dressed in dark blue (shirts, cargo pants (with red stripe) and boots), standard in most municipal police forces in Ontario. Winter jackets are either black or reflective orange/yellow with the word police in white and blue at the back. Previously the force wore light blue shirts.
The uniform patch consist of the force's crest with wording "York Regional Police" on a black tombstone shape.
Auxiliary members wear the same uniform, lack of weapons, different shoulder patch and different hat band (black and red sillitoe tartan) distinguishes them from front line officers.
Officers wear standard forage caps and may opt for Yukon hats in the winter. Motorcycle units have white helmets. Black or reflective gloves are also provided to officers directing traffic. Red caps are used by search teams looking for missing persons.
Senior officers have white shirts and a dark blue dress jacket.
- St. Edward's Crown
- Ribbon containing the words York Regional Police
- the escutcheon contains:
- The "deer stricken by an arrow" represents the original state of the country
- The "sheaf of wheat" represents the first progress in agriculture
- The "tree with an axe" represents the first act of improvement
- The "steam boat" represents the high state of technological advancement at the time
The YRP's flag consists of a nautical B signal flag with the YRP crest located in the white portion.
The rank insignia of the York Regional Police is similar to that used by police services elsewhere in Canada and in the United Kingdom, except that the usual "pips" are replaced by maple leaves.
|Rank||Commanding officers||Senior officers||Police officers||Officer in training|
|Chief of police||Deputy chief of police||Staff superintendent||Superintendent||Staff inspector||Inspector||Staff sergeant||Sergeant||Constable||Cadet|
|Shoulder boards not used for these ranks|
Police senior officersEdit
The day-to-day and regional operations are commanded by senior officers:
Uniformed non-commissioned officersEdit
On-road enforcement and emergency response is supervised by:
Investigative non-commissioned officersEdit
Investigations are divided into crimes against persons and crimes against property. These investigations are conducted by:
- Detective sergeant (equivalent to staff sergeant)
- Detective (equivalent to sergeant)
- Detective constable
- Constable - first class (4+ years), second class (3+ years), third class (2+ years), fourth class (1+ years), probationary (less than 1 year)
- Special constable (court security officers) - special constables are sworn-in pursuant to section 53 of the Police Services Act which confers peace officer status. Special constables have the powers of police officers to enforce federal statutes and various provincial statutes while in the execution of their duties.
- Station duty officers
- Police communicators
- Auxiliary constables (approximately 140 members since 2016) pursuant to section 52 of the Police Services Act, a chief of police can appoint auxiliary constables to act as volunteers. An auxiliary constable is not a peace officer but has the authority of a police officer only if he or she is accompanied or supervised by a police officer and is authorized to perform police duties by the chief of police.
- Fleet assistant - deal with maintenance of YRP vehicles
Communications is the branch of the York Regional Police responsible for receiving all 911 and non-emergency police calls. Under the supervision of information services, police communicators are on duty 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
The communications center is located within police headquarters in Aurora, Ontario. The communications staff are non-sworn members of the York Regional Police, though the bureau is under the direction of an inspector and a staff sergeant.
|Glock 22 or 23||pistol||active|
|Beretta Centurion 96D||pistol||active|
|Remington 870P or Remington 870 Police Magnum||pump-action shotgun||active|
|Beretta 9mm||semi-automatic pistols||sold to the Belleville Police Service|
|Colt Canada C8 rifle||rifle||active - used by ERU|
|ARWEN 37||riot gun|
Emergency response unitEdit
The emergency response unit (ERU) is the YRP SWAT team formed in 1980. The ERU is a group of specialized operators. The unit's primary mandate is to deal with high-risk situations beyond the safe operating limits of police officers with their normal equipment and training. The ERU provides assistance during any high risk situations by performing the following;
- Apprehension of armed and/or barricaded persons
- Hostage rescue
- Explosive forced entry
- Explosive disposal
- High risk search warrants
- High risk vehicles/trains/aircraft assaults
In 1988 demand for the ERU was on the rise. Various operational obligations including the fatal shooting of an armed suspect by the ERU during a hostage rescue in Richmond Hill highlighted the need for additional members. In 1989 the ERU increased to 11 members.
In 2001 the York Regional Police established a shared service agreement with the Durham Regional Police Service, which allows for reciprocal tactical support in the event of large scale or long duration deployments. The York Regional Police provide tactical team and hostage rescue team support to the South Simcoe Police Service upon their request.
Following the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in New York City, increased awareness of terrorist threats provided the greatest single incentive for growth and investment of tactical teams in Ontario since the 1976 Olympics in Montreal, Quebec.
The ERU's roster was expanded in 2002 to an undisclosed number. The roster includes both snipers and explosives technicians.
The ERU has full explosive forced entry capabilities, which are mainly used in its hostage rescue and armed/barricaded operations. The ERU is regularly involved in high-risk search warrant services within the York Region and the Greater Toronto Area as well as a number of high-profile joint forces operations within Ontario.
The York Regional Police ERU conduct their own strenuous selection process, with the applicants mainly being from the departments' uniformed divisions. The unit also trains its own candidates in most required disciplines and is one of the founding members of the Ontario Tactical Advisory Body (OTAB).
Members of the ERU currently hold positions within the OTAB and Canadian Explosive Technicians Association (CETA) as well as membership in the National Tactical Officers Association (NTOA) and International Association of Bomb Technicians and Investigators (IABTI).
The traffic bureau was formed in 1989. At that time, the traffic bureau worked out of offices located at 200 Industrial Parkway South in the Town of Aurora. The traffic bureau was made up of officers whose primary function was to enforce traffic related laws. The unit was made up of six officers who drove motorcycles and marked police cruisers.
As time went on the unit began to specialize in the reconstruction of motor vehicle collisions. The unit expanded to approximately 20 officers working on four different platoons. The platoons followed the regular uniform officer shifts.
Collision reconstruction unitEdit
On January 1, 2002, the traffic bureau was split into two separate entities, a traffic enforcement unit and a technical collision investigation unit (TCIU). The TCIU. was made up of six officers on two separate shifts supervised by one supervisor.
In 2004, the technical collision investigation unit was renamed the "collision reconstruction unit". The unit had eight members made up of investigators and collision reconstructionists. The unit was still working with two shifts and each shift had a supervisor.
At present the collision reconstruction unit is made up of 10 officers. Two teams of four investigators and collision reconstructionists and a supervisor. The team members specialize in investigative techniques and collision reconstruction.
On December 15, 2003, York Regional Police's collision reconstruction unit investigated a collision on Rutherford Road west of Pine Valley Drive in the City of Vaughan that killed former NHL Chicago Black Hawks player Keith Magnusson. Rob Ramage, another former NHL player, was arrested and charged with impaired operation causing death and bodily harm, dangerous operation causing death and bodily harm, as well as over 80mgs. At the trial in the fall of 2007, Ramage was convicted of all the counts except the over 80mgs. In January 2008, Ramage was sentenced to four years in prison. He appealed his conviction and sentence. On July 12, 2010, the Ontario Court of Appeal upheld the conviction and sentence.
The members of the unit have received training in collision reconstruction, marine reconstruction and other related fields in Ontario as well as in the US
The enforcement unit is responsible for enforcement of all traffic laws. Officers from the enforcement unit perform breath tests and test drivers for sobriety utilizing standardized field sobriety testing and drug recognition experts. The York Regional Police's traffic bureau has trained over 100 frontline officers in the SFST battery and 15 officers trained as DREs
Officers from the enforcement unit utilize various speed measuring devices from hand-held radars and lasers to moving radar units in their police vehicles. Speed enforcement is conducted throughout the region. Special computerized ticket writing units are utilized in police vehicles to ensure there are no human errors.
The enforcement unit also instituted a prohibited driver program where officers investigate persons convicted of criminal driving offences whereby their driving privileges are revoked. Members use unmarked vehicles and conduct surveillance on suspects' home and court to catch violators.
The York Regional Police are part of the York Region's emergency services and works with:
Bucky the Beaver is the force's mascot and is used at community events.
Bobby the Bear, Morris the Moose and Bucky the Beaver represent the York Regional Police at various special events.
- "2015 York Regional Police Annual Report" (PDF). York Regional Police. p. 9. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
- "Official Board Crest". Regional Municipality of York Police Services Board. Retrieved February 19, 2015.
- "R.R.O. 1990, Regulation 929: MUNICIPAL POLICE FORCES under Police Services Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. P.15". Ontario E-Laws. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
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