Indiara is a city and municipality in central-south Goiás state, Brazil. Indiara is a large producer of soybeans and cotton.

Indiara
Location in Goiás state
Location in Goiás state
Indiara is located in Brazil
Indiara
Indiara
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 17°08′30″S 49°59′41″W / 17.14167°S 49.99472°W / -17.14167; -49.99472Coordinates: 17°08′30″S 49°59′41″W / 17.14167°S 49.99472°W / -17.14167; -49.99472
CountryBrazil
RegionCentral-West
StateGoiás
MicroregionVale do Rio dos Bois
Area
 • Total956.4 km2 (369.3 sq mi)
Elevation
550 m (1,800 ft)
Population
 (2020 [1])
 • Total15,787
 • Density17/km2 (43/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−3 (BRT)
Postal code
75955-000

LocationEdit

Indiara is in the Vale do Rio dos Bois and has municipal boundaries with:

Indiara is 102 kilometers (southwest) from the state capital, Goiânia and is on the edge of highway BR-060 (passing through Guapó and Cezarina).

Political dataEdit

  • Eligible voters: 9,310 (12/2007)
  • Mayor: José Vilmar da Fonseca (January 2005)
  • Vice-mayor: Antônio Telesforo de Almeida
  • Councilmembers: 9

Demographic dataEdit

  • Population density: 13.28 inhabitants/km2 (2007)
  • Population growth rate 2000/2007: 1.04%
  • Urban population in 2007: 10,408
  • Rural population in 2007: 2,295

Ranking on the municipal Human Development Index, 2000Edit

  • Municipal Human Development Index MHDI: 0.731
  • State ranking: 143 (out of 242 municipalities)
  • National ranking: 2,414 (out of 5,507 municipalities)[2]

EconomyEdit

The economy is based on cattle raising and agriculture. There are plantations of corn, rice, and soybeans. There are several small industries producing furniture, lumber, and clothes.

Economic data for 2007Edit

  • Industrial units: 20
  • Retail commercial units: 123
  • Banking institutions: Banco do Brasil S.A.
  • Dairies: Cooperativa Mista dos Prod. de Leite de Morrinhos Ltda.
  • Automobiles: 1,114 in 2007

Main agricultural activitiesEdit

  • Cattle raising: 75,140 head (2006)
  • Agriculture: cotton, rice, sugarcane (1,125 hectares), oranges, corn (4,000 hectares), soybeans (7,000 hectares), and tomatoes.[3]
  • Number of farms: 562
  • Agricultural area: 83,013
  • Planted area: 19,300
  • Area in natural pasture: 45,292
  • Workers in agriculture: 1,800

Education and healthEdit

  • Literacy rate: 85.5% (2000)
  • Infant mortality rate: 25.29 in 1,000 live births (2000)
  • Schools: 13 (2006)
  • Students: 3,428
  • Hospitals: 3 (02/2007)
  • Walk-in clinics: 1

HistoryEdit

The town began with the construction of the highway between Goiânia and Cuiabá, Mato Grosso in 1958. First came a restaurant, a "churrascaria" (steakhouse), and then other people began to arrive. There was no donation of lands; the landowners created the lots themselves. The town name comes from a coconut tree, the indaiá, which grows nearby. Indiara belonged to three municipalities: Edéia, Jandaia, and Palmeira de Goiás and was dismembered to create a district and a municipality in 1983.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ IBGE 2020
  2. ^ Data are from 2000. For the complete list see Frigoletto Archived 2006-05-19 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Statistics are from Sepin Archived January 15, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.