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Indianapolis motorcycle Grand Prix

The Indianapolis Grand Prix was a motorcycling event held on the combined road course at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, Indiana, as part of the Grand Prix motorcycle racing season. The first edition took place in 2008, and was sponsored by Red Bull. The event was held through 2015.

Indianapolis Grand Prix
Indianapolis Moto GP.svg
VenueIndianapolis Motor Speedway
First race2008
Last race2015
Most wins (rider)Marc Márquez (5)
Most wins (manufacturer)Honda (7)

The addition of a motorcycle race at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway loosely coincided with the track's Centennial Era, which celebrated the 100th anniversary of the opening of the track (1909) and the 100th anniversary of the first 500 (1911). The motorcycle race represented a "throwback" to the early days of the Speedway, as motorcycle races were in fact the first competitive racing events held on the track in August 1909.

Track layoutEdit

The circuit used was a modified version of the combined road course used for the Formula One United States Grand Prix from 2000-2007. The circuit was reversed to a counterclockwise orientation, and a new complex of corners was added inside the infield of oval turn one. The new "Snake Pit" section, as it became known, was nicknamed for its location where notorious revelry once took place during the 1970s. The new series of corners precluded the bikes from using any of the banked oval corners. The double-hairpin at the Hulman Straight was replaced with more traditional esses. Furthermore, the motorcycles stayed low in the south short chute (approaching the Snake Pit section) between oval turn 1 and 2, using the pavement of the warm-up lane rather than the oval track's short chute.

The circuit was re-profiled in 2014, with three new motorcycle-only sections: one in the Snake Pit (which has become a prime overtaking spot), a more open entrance to Hulman Straight, and the final esses leading to the pit straight was changed to be more open and flowing.

HistoryEdit

The inaugural Red Bull Indianapolis GP took place 99 years after the previous motorcycle race at the track, in 1909.

The first motorsports event at the track consisted of 7 motorcycle races, sanctioned by the Federation of American Motorcyclists (FAM), on August 14, 1909.[1] This was originally planned as a two-day, 15-race program, but ended before the first day was completed, due to concerns over suitability of the track surface for motorcycle use.The Rider with most victories at this grand prix is Nicolas Terol with three victories in the 125cc two-stroke class, followed by Dani Pedrosa and Marc Márquez with two victories each. and all the others have only one victory. This grand prix has been won only by Spanish, Italian and Australian riders.

Motorcycles on Meridian rallyEdit

The race became part of a major motorcycle event organized by Indianapolis Motor Speedway, the Motorcycles on Meridian motorcycle rally, held on Meridian Street near Monument Circle in downtown Indianapolis, attracting approximately 10,000 cyclists each night.[2] Various dirt tracks held flat-track motorcycle races during the weekend which became analogous to midget car racing's "Night Before the 500" held during the Indianapolis 500, often drawing star MotoGP riders in attendance.

Winners of the Indianapolis Grand PrixEdit

Multiple winners (riders)Edit

# Wins Rider Wins
Category Years won
5   Marc Márquez MotoGP 2013, 2014, 2015
Moto2 2011, 2012
3   Nicolás Terol 125 cc 2008, 2010, 2011
2   Dani Pedrosa MotoGP 2010, 2012
  Álex Rins Moto2 2015
Moto3 2013

Multiple winners (manufacturers)Edit

# Wins Manufacturer Wins
Category Years won
8   Honda MotoGP 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015
Moto3 2014, 2015
4   Kalex Moto2 2013, 2014, 2015
Moto3 2012
3   Aprilia 125 cc 2008, 2010, 2011
2   Yamaha MotoGP 2008, 2009
  Suter Moto2 2011, 2012

By yearEdit

Year Track Moto3 Moto2 MotoGP Report
Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer
2015 Indianapolis   Livio Loi Honda   Álex Rins Kalex   Marc Márquez Honda Report
2014 Indianapolis   Efrén Vázquez Honda   Mika Kallio Kalex   Marc Márquez Honda Report
2013 Indianapolis   Álex Rins KTM   Esteve Rabat Kalex   Marc Márquez Honda Report
2012 Indianapolis   Luis Salom Kalex KTM   Marc Márquez Suter   Dani Pedrosa Honda Report
Year Track 125 cc Moto2 MotoGP Report
Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer
2011 Indianapolis   Nicolás Terol Aprilia   Marc Márquez Suter   Casey Stoner Honda Report
2010 Indianapolis   Nicolás Terol Aprilia   Toni Elías Moriwaki   Dani Pedrosa Honda Report
Year Track 125 cc 250 cc MotoGP Report
Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer
2009 Indianapolis   Pol Espargaró Derbi   Marco Simoncelli Gilera   Jorge Lorenzo Yamaha Report
2008 Indianapolis   Nicolás Terol Aprilia Cancelled - Hurricane Ike [note 1]   Valentino Rossi Yamaha Report

NOTE: Moto3 was known as the 125cc class until 2011, when the FIM changed the formula from 125cc two-stroke engines to 250cc four-stroke engines. Moto2 was known as the 250cc class until 2009, when the FIM changed the formula from 250cc two-stroke engines to a one-make 600cc four-stroke Honda engine class (chassis are open competition), with the FIM planning in 2016 to open the 600cc engines to multiple manufacturers. In 2019 moto 2 engines will be 765cc Triumph engines

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The 2008 250cc race was initially postponed after the MotoGP race due to torrential rain & winds caused by Hurricane Ike just before the start of the race, it was subsequently cancelled for the same reason.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-11-09. Retrieved 2008-08-17.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Gamers and bikers take over Downtown, Indianapolis Downtown Inc., 2014, retrieved 2014-08-14

External linksEdit