Indian Airlines Flight 405

On 5 July 1984, nine hijackers forced Indian Airlines Flight 405, an Airbus A300 on a domestic flight from Srinagar Airport to the Delhi-Palam Airport with 254 passengers and 10 crew on board, to be flown to Lahore Airport in Pakistan.[1]

Indian Airlines Flight 405
Airbus A300B4-203, Indian Airlines AN0763193.jpg
An Indian Airlines A300, similar to the aircraft involved in the hijack
Hijacking
Date5 July 1984 (1984-07-05)
SummaryTerrorist hijacking
SiteLahore Airport, Punjab, Pakistan
31°31′17″N 74°24′12″E / 31.52139°N 74.40333°E / 31.52139; 74.40333Coordinates: 31°31′17″N 74°24′12″E / 31.52139°N 74.40333°E / 31.52139; 74.40333
Aircraft
Aircraft typeAirbus A300
OperatorIndian Airlines
IATA flight No.IC405
ICAO flight No.IAC405
Flight originSrinagar Airport
DestinationPalam Airport
Occupants264 (including 9 hijackers)
Passengers254
Crew10
Fatalities0

The Sikh hijackers were armed with guns, daggers and a fake bomb. Their demands included the release of prisoners (all Sikhs arrested during Operation Blue Star), US$25 million for damage done during the Operation, and the return of items alleged to be stolen from the Golden Temple during the Operation. The demands of the hijackers were not met and they ultimately surrendered to Pakistani authorities on July 6.[1][2]

The Press Trust of India quoted the hijackers as saying "Long Live Khalistan".[3] It was related to the secessionist struggle in the Indian state of Punjab, where Khalistani separatists were active. They demanded a separate country for Sikhs.[2] The Khalistan movement was a separatist movement in Indian Punjab and the United Kingdom where a small portion of the Sikh community openly asked for a different country for Sikh people (Khalistan).[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Airbus A300 registration unknown Lahore Airport (LHE)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
  2. ^ a b Stevens, William K. (6 July 1984). "Indian Jet Carrying 264 Hijacked to Pakistan, Reportedly by Sikhs". New York Times. p. A2. Archived from the original on 13 July 2018. Retrieved 13 July 2018.
  3. ^ "Sikh extremists hijacked an Indian Airlines plane with 264". 1984. Archived from the original on 13 July 2018. Retrieved 13 July 2018.
  4. ^ Kiessling, Hein (2016). Faith, Unity, Discipline: The Inter-Service-Intelligence (ISI) of Pakistan. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9781849048637. Retrieved 2 October 2018.

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