Imperial Parliament of Ethiopia

The Imperial Parliament of Ethiopia (Amharic: የኢትዮጵያ ንጉሠ ነገሥት ፓርላማ) was the bicameral legislature of the Ethiopian Empire from 1931 to 1974. It consisted of the lower house, the Chamber of Deputies, and the upper house, Senate. The legislature was established in the 1931 Constitution, all members appointed, primarily by the Emperor of Ethiopia. The 1955 Constitution introduced elections to the lower chamber. The last elections took place in 1973. The legislature was abolished by Derg.

Imperial Parliament of Ethiopia
Type
Type
HousesSenate and Chamber of Deputies
History
Founded1931
Disbanded1974
Succeeded byNational Shengo
Elections
Chamber of Deputies last election
1973
Meeting place
Addis Abeba

SenateEdit

The Senate, Yaheg Mawos sena Meker-beth, was established in 1931. Initially, its members were appointed, and they came from the nobility, the aristocracy, cabinet ministers, and civil servants.[1] The chamber was reformed in the 1955 constitution so that the members were appointed by aristocrats. In 1974, there were 125 members in the chamber.[2]

Senate PresidentsEdit

Sources: [1][4]

Chamber of DeputiesEdit

The Chamber of Deputies, Yaheg Mamria Meker-beth, was established in 1931. Initially, the members were chosen by the Emperor of Ethiopia, the nobility and the aristocrats.[1] The chamber was reformed in the 1955 constitution, and members were to be elected. In 1974, there were 250 members in the chamber.[2]

Presidents of the Chamber of DeputiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Prouty, Chris; Rosenfeld, Eugene (1981). Historical Dictionary of Ethiopia. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-1448-X.
  2. ^ a b "Elections During the Reign of Emperor Haile Selassie" (PDF). Archived from the original on 9 June 2011.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  3. ^ a b (PDF) http://www.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/_resources/images/mr/mr0853.pdf. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ Shinn, David; Ofcansky, Thomas (2013). Historical Dictionary of Ethiopia. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-7457-2.
  5. ^ Agriculture, United States Congress House Committee on (1965). "Agriculture in Africa, a Report of the Subcommittee on Foreign Agricultural Operations of ..."
  6. ^ "Bulletin of the Inter-parliamentary Union". The Union. 1966.
  7. ^ "Ethiopia Says Ex‐Official Blocked News of Famine". The New York Times. 10 September 1974.
  8. ^ Ǧambaré, ʼAbarā (2005). Agony in the Grand Palace: 1974-1982. Shama Books. ISBN 9781931253147.