Ilkeston is a town in the Borough of Erewash, Derbyshire, England, on the River Erewash, from which the borough takes its name, with a population at the 2011 census of 38,640. Its major industries, coal mining, iron working and lace making/textiles, have now all but disappeared.
Ilkeston Market Place (August 2003)
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The town is close to both Derby and Nottingham and is near the M1 motorway and the border with Nottinghamshire. The eastern boundary of Ilkeston is only two miles from Nottingham's western edge and it is part of the Nottingham Urban Area.
History and culture edit
Ilkeston was probably founded in the 6th century AD, and gets its name from its supposed founder, Elch or Elcha, who was an Anglian chieftain ("Elka's Tun" = Elka's Town). The town appears as Tilchestune in the Domesday Book of 1086, when it was owned principally by Gilbert de Ghent. Gilbert also controlled nearby Shipley, West Hallam and Stanton by Dale. Ilkeston was created a borough by Queen Victoria in 1887.
Ilkeston is one of several places where the distinctive dialect of East Midlands English is extensively spoken. Ilkeston is referred to as 'Ilson' in this dialect. Generally the name is pronounced with three syllables, Ilkisstun, not Ilk's tun.
The NatWest Hole Ilkeston, an architectural tourist attraction outside the Bath Street branch of NatWest bank gained much media interest when Tripadvisor decided to suspend reviews in February 2020.
Stanton Ironworks edit
One of the biggest and most important local employers was the Stanton Ironworks, later known as Stanton and Staveley – the continuation of a long-standing tradition of iron working in this area. There has been evidence of iron working and quarrying in the area since Roman times, and the industry began blossoming into a huge industrial concern in the 1780s. By the mid-19th century there were several blast furnaces and the production rose from around 500 tons of pig iron per month to 7,000 at the end of the century. The Stanton Ironworks acquired a number of smaller ironstone quarrying and ironworks companies. These included the Wellingborough Iron Company in 1932.
Steel pipe manufacturing began at Stanton after World War I and later concrete pipes were produced, Stanton being the first in the UK to develop the 'spun pipe' process.
In the mid-19th century the works produced 20,000 tons of iron castings per year, 2.5 millions by 1905. Up to 12,500 people were employed during the period when the works were part of British Steel Corporation, of which 7,000 worked at the Stanton works.
During its long existence the works produced huge quantities of a variety of products, including pig iron, tunnel castings, (used in projects such as the London Underground), pipes and street furniture as well as bitumen, roadstone, chemicals and munition casings.
The works gradually declined, the business being run from 1985 by the French Saint-Gobain Group. The last casting was an emotional event in 2007. The huge Stanton site has been partially given over to business park and the rest of the site is earmarked for redevelopment which is subject to local opposition.
Ilkeston Charter fair edit
Ilkeston Market Place is the site of a Charter fair. The fair celebrated its 770th anniversary in 2022, the Charter being granted by King Henry III in 1252. This makes the fair older than Nottingham's famous Goose Fair and it is one of the largest street fairs in the Country, indeed in Europe.
The present fair developed from two separate fairs, as another 'agricultural hiring fair' or 'Statutes Fair' was traditionally held on Wakes week in October as well as the original Charter Fair which was held on the Feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary (15 August). The two fairs were combined in 1888 and the one Charter Fair has been held in October ever since.
Since 1931 the fair has been officially opened by the Mayor - first of Ilkeston and since 1974 of Erewash - on the Fair Thursday at noon with the Town Clerk (Chief Executive) reading the Charter from the steps of the Town Hall.
Ilkeston did not have a railway station from 1967 to 2017, despite its substantial population and the fact that the Erewash Valley Line (formerly part of the Midland Railway, later the LMS) skirts the eastern edge of the town. Ilkeston once had three railway stations. Ilkeston Junction station, also known as "Ilkeston Junction & Cossall" was on the former Midland Railway and later LMS Erewash Valley Main Line: this station closed in January 1967. A short branch led from this station to Ilkeston Town station, at the north end of Bath Street, which closed to passengers in June 1947.
Ilkeston's third station was Ilkeston North, on the former Great Northern Railway (later LNER) line from Nottingham to Derby Friargate station, closed in September 1964. A major feature of this line was Bennerley Viaduct, a 1,452-foot (443 m) long, 61-foot (19 m) high, wrought iron structure which still crosses the Erewash valley just to the north east of Ilkeston. Once threatened with demolition, it is now a Grade 2 listed building, though the line and embankments have long since been removed. The Viaduct has been the subject of much renewed interest and has been reopened to the public as part of a cycleway and footpath.
Following a long-running local campaign, in March 2013 Transport Secretary Patrick McLoughlin announced that Ilkeston was one of three sites 'most likely' to get a new station as part of the 'New Stations Fund', costing £5 million and sited close to the old Ilkeston Junction station. On 15 May 2013 it was announced this new station would be built, which would be named Ilkeston station. It has two platforms, which can take six trains per hour with up to six passenger cars and includes waiting shelters. A 150 space car park, cycle storage, bus stop, drop off point and taxi rank are also on site. The station is unmanned with automated ticket machines.
Due to flood prevention work and the discovery of great crested newts, the opening was significantly delayed, the new station opened on 2 April 2017.
TrentBarton operate the majority of buses around Ilkeston including the Ilkeston Flyer into Derby, TheTwo and 21 into Nottingham, 33 to Mansfield, My15 to Long Eaton and East Midlands AirportNotts + Derby and CT4N operate some Derbyshire County Council tendered routes around Ilkeston.
Ilkeston spa baths edit
From early in the 19th century the existence of natural mineral waters was noted here and exploited. A local businessman Thomas Potter built, in 1831, the famous Ilkeston Bath at the bottom of Town Street attached to the Rutland Hotel. For over 60 years the baths helped tourism to the town at a time when spa towns like Bath and Harrogate enjoyed popularity. 'If you're doubled in pain and thin as a lath, Come at once then and try, the famed Ilkeston Bath,' was a well known advertising slogan. A mixture of a general decline in the popularity of spa bathing and, reportedly, contamination of the waters from mining activities led to the eventual closure of the baths just before 1900. The baths and the adjacent Rutland Hotel, which also enjoyed a revenue from tourism, no longer exist though they are remembered in the name of 'Bath Street'.
- The original Ilkeston Town was liquidated in 2010 after a 114-year history. Ilkeston FC was formed the following year, which was in turn liquidated in 2017. However, by July 2017 a new club, Ilkeston Town F.C. founded by the former owner of Notts County Alan Hardy, replaced the liquidated Ilkeston FC, and the new club's home ground was established on the New Manor Ground, on Awsworth Road.
- Ilkeston Rugby Club (known as the "Elks") is a Rugby union club founded in 1926. The home ground is based at 'The Stute', Hallam Fields Road.
- Ilkeston Rutland Cricket Club (established in 1829) is based on Rutland Sports Park. The club currently has 4 senior teams in the Derbyshire County Cricket League, and a well established Junior section playing competitive cricket in the Erewash Young Cricketers League.
First-Class County games
Every season between 1925 and 1994, the Derbyshire County Cricket Club played up to a couple of first-class cricket matches on the Rutland Recreation Ground, and one-day matches between 1970 and 1994.
- Ilkeston Tennis Club is based on Rutland Sports Park and is a member of the Derby Tennis League. It is claimed to be the largest tennis club in Ilkeston, offering tennis for all ages and abilities as well as professional coaching. Facilities include 4 Outdoor Tennis Courts and 3 indoor tennis courts.
- Stanton Tennis Club is a private tennis establishment situated at The Stute Hallam Fields Road, sports complex. There are 3 private tennis courts at this tennis facility.
- Ilkeston Outlaws Basketball Club, established 1966, field's teams in the local Sherwood Basketball League and the Basketball England National League. The Ilkeston Outlaws Basketball Club have two main junior basketball teams: the Ilkeston Hawks and Ilkeston Falcons for ages 4–18 years.
Local radio stations are BBC Radio Nottingham on 103.8 FM, Smooth East Midlands on 106.6 FM, Capital East Midlands on 96.2 FM, Greatest Hits Radio Midlands on 106.6 FM and Erewash Sound, a community based radio station on 96.8 FM.
The town is served by these newspapers:
Twin towns edit
Ilkeston is twinned with:
Notable residents edit
- Samuel Taylor (1816–1875), the famous 'Ilson Giant' who reached the height of 7' 4", was born nearby at Hallam Fields. His grave in Stanton Road Cemetery was restored by the Cemetery's Friends in 2008.
- William Roache, who plays Ken Barlow in Coronation Street, grew up in Ilkeston. He now holds the world record as the longest-serving actor to play the same role continuously, having been with the show since its inception in December 1960.
- Robert Lindsay, the stage and television actor probably best known for his parts in Citizen Smith and latterly My Family, was born as Robert Lindsay Stevenson in Ilkeston on 13 December 1949. Before he became an actor he worked at the nearby Stanton & Staveley steel works and also attended the Ilkeston detachment of the Army Cadet Force.
- Linda Armstrong, an actress, born in Ilkeston
- Robert Holmes FRGS (born 1943), photographer, author and adventurer. Member of the RGS 150th Anniversary expedition to the Karakoram, Fellow of the Explorers Club of New York.
- John Paxton (1819–1868), cricketer
- Ben Roberts who played Chief Inspector Derek Conway in ITV's The Bill
Park Cemetery Chapel
North Side of Market Place
United Reformed Church
Needle Makers Pub
Stanton Ironworks Oct 2008 (demolished Autumn 2009)
Stanton Ironworks Remnants
Our Lady and St Thomas of Hereford Roman Catholic Church
Helter skelter at Ilkeston Fair
See also edit
- Ilkeston is made up of eight wards http://www.ukcensusdata.com/erewash-e07000036#sthash.EJAHhvCg.dpbs Archived 10 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine
- "Town population 2011". Archived from the original on 9 April 2016. Retrieved 27 March 2016.
- Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7 pp. 753–4
- Scollins, Richard; Titford, John (2000). Ey Up Mi Duck: Dialect of Derbyshire and the East Midlands. Newbury: Countryside Books. p. 52. ISBN 1853066583.
- "Natwest Hole". Archived from the original on 15 September 2021. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
- Quine, Dan (2016). Four East Midlands Ironstone Tramways Part Three: Wellingborough. Vol. 108. Garndolbenmaen: Narrow Gauge and Industrial Railway Modelling Review.
- Ian Scott-Parker email@example.com (10 November 2003). "ODAAT: one day at a time... Mon, 10 Nov 2003". Pishtush.com. Archived from the original on 15 July 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2008.
- "Ilkeston & District Local History Society". Ilkestonhistory.org.uk. Archived from the original on 1 August 2013. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
- "Archived Report - Stanton & Staveley Iron Foundry... the most epic foundry to date - UK Urban Exploration Forums". 28dayslater.co.uk. 20 October 2008. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011.
- "fighting to protect the Erewash countryside". Green Squeeze. Archived from the original on 18 October 2015.
- History of Ilkeston Fair Archived 19 December 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- "Bennerley Viaduct". Archived from the original on 21 June 2006. Retrieved 16 October 2006.
- "BBC News". 26 March 2013. Archived from the original on 18 January 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
- "Wait finally over for Ilkeston train station as hundreds turn up to opening | Nottingham Post". Archived from the original on 2 April 2017. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
- "Our routes - trentbarton". Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 17 February 2020.
- Ilkeston Archived 25 October 2020 at the Wayback Machine
- "Public Transport in Derbyshire & the Peak District". Archived from the original on 11 September 2019. Retrieved 17 February 2020.
- History of Ilkeston 1899 page 252
- "Ilkeston Town FC". ilkestontownfc.co.uk. 20 December 2019. Archived from the original on 19 January 2021. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
- "Ilkeston RUFC History". ilkestonrugby.com. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
- "Ilkeston Rutland CC homepage". ircc.play-cricket.com. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
- "Derbyshire County Cricket League". derbyscountylge.play-cricket.com. Archived from the original on 29 April 2021. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
- "Erewash Young Cricketers League". eycl.play-cricket.com. Archived from the original on 19 July 2019. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
- "Ilkeston Tennis Club LTA". clubspark.lta.org.uk. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
- "Derby Tennis League". localtennisleagues.com. 24 January 2016. Archived from the original on 26 January 2021. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
- "Ilkeston Tennis Club on mytennislife.co.uk". mytennislife.co.uk. Archived from the original on 30 June 2022. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
- "Ilkeston Tennis Club facilities". tennisx.co.uk. Archived from the original on 3 July 2022. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
- "Stanton Tennis Club". tennispartner.co.uk. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
- "Stanton Tennis Club facilities". tennisround.com. Archived from the original on 16 March 2022. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
- "Sherwood Basketball League". sherwoodleague.leaguerepublic.com. Archived from the original on 31 October 2020. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
- "Basketball England National League". basketballengland.co.uk. Archived from the original on 19 February 2021. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
- "Ilkeston Outlaws Basketball Club". ilkestonoutlaws.com. Archived from the original on 13 May 2021. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
- "Pewit Golf Course". leisurecentre.com. Archived from the original on 23 January 2021. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
- "Ilkeston Borough Golf Club". 1golf.eu. Archived from the original on 30 September 2013. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
- "Waltham (Leicestershire, England) Full Freeview transmitter". May 2004.
- "Nottingham (Nottinghamshire, England) Full Freeview transmitter". May 2004.
- "Ilkeston Advertiser | British Newspapers Online". 2 October 2013.
- Originally called Châlons-sur-Marne, the city was officially renamed in 1998
- "Ilkeston Twinning Association". Erewash.gov.uk. 11 April 1957. Archived from the original on 2 January 2011.
- "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- "Robert Lindsay Biography". Robertlindsay.net. 13 December 1949. Archived from the original on 20 May 2017. Retrieved 3 June 2010.
- Philip, George. Continents in Collision. p. 196.