Ignjat Fischer

Ignjat Nathan Fischer (18 June 1870, Zagreb – 19 January 1948, Zagreb) was a Croatian architect who was active in Zagreb during the first half of the 20th century.[1][2]

Ignjat Fischer
Born(1870-06-18)18 June 1870
Died19 January 1948(1948-01-19) (aged 77)
NationalityCroat
OccupationArchitect
BuildingsParliament of Croatia

Early life and educationEdit

Fischer was born in Zagreb to a Croatian Jewish[2][3][4] family, his father, Samuel, was a prominent construction engineer.[2][5][6][7] He studied in Vienna and Prague.[2]

CareerEdit

 
City Savings bank palace (on the left) in Ban Jelačić Square; designed by Fischer (1922–1925)

In his early stage he was one of the major architects who introduced the Vienna Secession in Croatian architecture. During that phase he created several impressive designs, such as a house Rado at Strossmayer Square 7 in 1897, sanatorium in Klaićeva street known for its V-based ground plan in 1908, and building of the deanery and the institute of pathology at the Medical Faculty of Šalata in 1912.[2][8]

During the Interwar period, Fischer designed in the spirit of late modernism, historicism and modestism. His greatest achievements are the forestry Academy building in Mažuranić Square 5 in 1920, city Savings bank palace at the Ban Jelačić Square in 1922–1925 (upgraded in 1931), and modern house Arko at Dolac Market.[2][9]

The full extent of Fischer's work is not known with certainty. Recent research discovered a number of architectural designs that were previously not attributed to him, most notably the building of the Croatian Parliament in the St. Mark's Square.[2][6] In Zagreb, he had a large studio where he designed up to forty different buildings.[2]

Personal lifeEdit

Fischer was a member of Croatian Freemasonry.[2][10] He was married to Helena (née Egersrodfer) with whom he had two daughters, Ivana and Marija Magdalena. Events before and during World War II affected his health.[2] His daughter Ivana recalled that her "father was imprisoned even when he was 70 years old, because he was a Jew. As a result of those persecutions he became seriously ill and died in 1948."[6] Fischer was buried at the Mirogoj Cemetery.[11][12]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Zagrebačka židovska topografija u Donjem gradu" (PDF). www.zoz.hr (in Croatian). Ha-Kol, magazine of the Jewish community Zagreb.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Marina Bagarić (2011)
  3. ^ Ivo Goldstein (2005, pp. 287)
  4. ^ Snješka Knežević (2011, p. 177)
  5. ^ "The Jews of Croatia". www.jewishrenaissance.org.uk. Jewish Renaissance. Archived from the original on 26 July 2010. Retrieved 9 December 2010.
  6. ^ a b c "Ignjat Fischer: Projektirao je i Hrvatski sabor, ali i javne kuće u Kožarskoj ulici". www.jutarnji.hr (in Croatian). Jutarnji list.
  7. ^ (in Croatian) Ha-Kol (Glasilo Židovske zajednice u Hrvatskoj); Aleksander Laslo, Nataša Maksimović Subašić; Graditelji novog Zagreba; stranica 22; broj 108, siječanj / veljača 2009.
  8. ^ Bagarić, Marina (2006). "Sanatorij u Klaićevoj ulici u Zagrebu - djelo arhitekta Ignjata Fischera" (PDF). Radovi Instituta za povijest umjetnosti (in Croatian). Zagreb: Institute of Art History (30): 265–280. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  9. ^ Marina Biluš (16 October 2007). "19 dragulja u centru Zagreba" [19 gems in the centre of Zagreb]. Nacional (in Croatian). No. 622. Archived from the original on 11 July 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  10. ^ "FOTO Novi broj magazina Svijet ekskluzivno donosi: Prvi pogled u londonski dom Gorana Štroka". www.jutarnji.hr (in Croatian). Jutarnji list.
  11. ^ "Grobno mjesto Ignjata Fischera F-9-I-4" (in Croatian). www.gradskagroblja.hr. Retrieved 13 June 2012.
  12. ^ (in Croatian) Gradska groblja Zagreb: Ignjat Fischer, Mirogoj RKT-9-I-4

BibliographyEdit

  • Goldstein, Ivo (2005). Židovi u Zagrebu 1918 - 1941. Zagreb: Novi Liber. ISBN 953-6045-23-0.
  • Bagarić, Marina (2011). Arhitekt Ignjat Fischer. Zagreb: Meandarmedia. ISBN 978-953-735-576-0.
  • Snješka Knežević, Aleksander Laslo (2011). Židovski Zagreb. Zagreb: AGM, Židovska općina Zagreb. ISBN 978-953-174-393-8.