Igaci is a municipality in the Brazilian state of Alagoas. It has an area of 334.346 square kilometres (129.091 sq mi). The climate is tropical savanna climate. As of 2020 the estimated population was 25,613.[3]

Igaci
Municipal location within the State of Alagoas
Municipal location within the State of Alagoas
Igaci is located in Brazil
Igaci
Igaci
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 9°32′13″S 36°38′01″W / 9.53694°S 36.63361°W / -9.53694; -36.63361Coordinates: 9°32′13″S 36°38′01″W / 9.53694°S 36.63361°W / -9.53694; -36.63361
CountryBrazil
StateAlagoas
MunicipalityIgaci
Government
 • MayorOliveiro Torres Pianco[1]
Area
 • Total334.346 km2 (129.092 sq mi)
Elevation250 m (820 ft)
Population
 (2020)[1]
 • Total25,613
 • Density77/km2 (200/sq mi)
Demonym(s)igaciense
Time zoneUTC−3 (BRT)
Websitewww.igaci.al.gov.br/site

GeographyEdit

Igaci is in the state of Alagoas, Brazil.[2] It has an area of 334.346 square kilometres (129.092 sq mi) as of 2020.[1] The elevation above sea level is about 250 metres (820 ft).[2] It is located in the Palmeira dos Índios micro-region. It is 161 km from Maceió.[4]

HistoryEdit

The settlement that is now the municipality of Igaci was founded by João de Lima Acioli of Portugal in the mid-19th century. The original name was Olho D'Água do Acioli, or Acioli's Waterholes, due to the many pools in the region. The abundant water attracted many families from areas that suffered from droughts, particularly in 1877, when there was a severe drought in Alagoas. The first urban settlement of the municipality was founded soon after. Early settlers in the town were Serapião Sampaio, Santos Silva, captain Bartolomeu de Souza Vergueiro, Justino Luiz, the Torres and Tomas de Albuquerque families and Carlos Pontes who later became an important figure in Brazilian literature and national politics.[4]

Olho D'Água do Acioli was named a town and judicial district of Palmeira dos Índios by State law No. 428 of 15 June 1904. The town became more important when the Grewestern railway reached it, now operated by the Rede Ferroviária Federal do Nordeste. At this time its name was changed to Igaci, the indigenous word for waterhole. Many cotton gins began operation to process the local harvest, although as of 2017 only one remained. Law No. 2087 of 27 December 1857 established Igaci as a separate municipality from Palmeira dos Índios effective 12 January 1959. It has a single district, Igaci.[4]

ClimateEdit

The Köppen climate type is As : Tropical savanna climate.[5] The climate is hot and humid. Winter normally lasts from May to August.[4] The average annual temperature is 25 °C (77 °F).[6] The warmest month is December, when the average temperature is 28 °C (82 °F), and the coldest is July, with 20 °C (68 °F).[6] The average annual rainfall is 972 millimetres (38.3 in). The wettest month is July, with 158 millimetres (6.2 in) of precipitation on average, and the driest is January, with 21 millimetres (0.83 in) of precipitation.[7]

Igaci, AL
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
21
 
 
36
22
 
 
33
 
 
33
21
 
 
39
 
 
33
21
 
 
102
 
 
30
21
 
 
142
 
 
27
20
 
 
117
 
 
24
18
 
 
158
 
 
23
17
 
 
109
 
 
24
16
 
 
66
 
 
28
18
 
 
111
 
 
34
20
 
 
31
 
 
36
21
 
 
45
 
 
39
22
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [6]

DemographicsEdit

The population in the 2010 census was 25,188.[8] The estimated population as of 2020 was 25,613.[1] Population density as of 2010 was 75.31 inhabitants per square kilometre (195.1/sq mi).[1] As of 2010, 94.3% of the population had attended school between the ages of 6 and 14. Also as of 2010, the municipal Human Development Index was 0.564. This compares to 0.241 in 1991 and 0.366 in 2000.[1]

On the 2010 census religion was reported as Catholic by 23,131 people, Evangelical by 1,156 people and Animism by 0 people.[8]

The municipality has two main festivities: Political Emancipation Day and the festival of the patron saint Nossa Senhora da Saúde.[4]

EconomyEdit

In 2017, the average monthly salary was 1.8 minimum wages. Employed people were 5.0% of the total population. Households with monthly income of up to half a minimum wage per person represent 54.3% of the population.[8] Recent estimates of GDP per capita:[1]

1,000
2,000
3,000
4,000
5,000
6,000
7,000
8,000
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017

Health and sanitationEdit

6.2% of households have adequate sanitation, 94.3% of urban households are on public roads with afforestation and 9.4% of urban households are on public roads with adequate urbanization (presence of manhole, sidewalk, pavement and curb).[8] Annual hospitalizations due to diarrhea are 1.4 per 1,000 inhabitants.[8] Deaths per 1,000 live births:[1]

  • 2006: 25.35
  • 2007: 13.36
  • 2008: 14.80
  • 2009: 18.82
  • 2010: 23.58
  • 2011: 14.35
  • 2012: 11.94
  • 2013: 15.63
  • 2014: 16.13
  • 2015: 8.70
  • 2016: 15.24
  • 2017: 17.86

Municipal financesEdit

Recent figures for committed municipal expenditure:[1]

10,000,000
20,000,000
30,000,000
40,000,000
50,000,000
60,000,000
70,000,000
2009
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017

Recent figures for realized municipal revenue:[1]

10,000,000
20,000,000
30,000,000
40,000,000
50,000,000
60,000,000
70,000,000
2005
2006
2008
2009
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017

ReferencesEdit

SourcesEdit

  • Brasil / Alagoas / Igaci, IBGE, retrieved 2020-05-17
  • História (in Portuguese), IBGE, retrieved 2020-05-31
  • "Igaci", Geonames, retrieved 2020-05-16
  • Igaci code:2703106, Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, retrieved 2020-05-16
  • "Igaci, Igaci, Alagoas, Brazil", Mindat, retrieved 2020-05-16
  • NASA Earth Observations Data Set Index, NASA, retrieved 30 January 2016
  • NASA Earth Observations: Rainfall (1 month - TRMM), NASA/Tropical Rainfall Monitoring Mission, retrieved 30 January 2016