Iberian emerald lizard

The Iberian emerald lizard (Lacerta schreiberi), also known commonly as Schreiber's green lizard, is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae. The species is endemic to the Iberian Peninsula.[1]

Iberian emerald lizard
Lacerta schreiberi 02 by-dpc.jpg
Iberian emerald lizard male on the back, female on the front
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Lacertidae
Genus: Lacerta
L. schreiberi
Binomial name
Lacerta schreiberi
Bedriaga, 1878
Mapa Lacerta schreiberi.png


Male lizard

The specific name, schreiberi, is in honor of Austrian zoologist Egid Schreiber (1836–1913), author of Herpetologia Europaea (1875).[2]

It is known as Lagarto-de-água (water lizard) in Portuguese and lagarto verdinegro (green and black lizard) in Spanish.

Geographic rangeEdit

Iberian emerald lizard in Peneda-Gerês National Park

Lacerta schreiberi is found in Portugal and Spain.



The natural habitats of L. schreiberi are temperate forests and shrublands, Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation, rivers, and pastureland.

Conservation statusEdit

Lacerta schreiberi is threatened by habitat loss.


A large species, L. schreiberi measures about 13.5 cm (5.3 in) snout-to-vent (SVL); including the tail, it measures about 38 cm (15 in).


Lacerta schreiberi is mainly insectivorous, though it also preys on small lizards like the iberian wall lizard or large psammodromus.[3]


Lacerta schreiberi is oviparous.[4] Clutch size varies from 11 to 28 eggs.[3]


  1. ^ a b Paulo Sá-Sousa, Rafael Marquez, Valentin Pérez-Mellado, Iñigo Martínez-Solano (2009). "Lacerta schreiberi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2009: e.T11113A3251580. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2009.RLTS.T11113A3251580.en. Retrieved 15 November 2021.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Lacerta schreiberi, p. 238).
  3. ^ a b "Lacerta schreiberi . pp. 156-157. In: Catálogo Regional de Especies Amenazadas by Juan Pablo Prieto Clemente" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-12-19. Retrieved 2013-11-26. (in Spanish).
  4. ^ Species Lacerta schreiberi at The Reptile Database www.reptile-database.org.

Further readingEdit

  • Arnold EN, Burton JA (1978). A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Britain and Europe. London: Collins. 272 pp. + Plates 1-40. ISBN 0-00-219318-3. (Lacerta schreiberi, p. 131 + Plate 20, figures 2a & 2b; Plate 22, figure 2 + Map 66).
  • Bedriaga J (1878). "Herpetologische Studien ". Archiv für Naturgeschichte 44 (1): 259–320. (Lacerta schreiberi, new species, pp. 299–303 + Plate X, figures 3 & 4). (in German and Latin).