Ianthella basta

Ianthella basta is a species of fan-shaped sea sponge in the class Demospongiae.[1] It is also known as the elephant ear sponge,[2] paper sponge, or scroll sponge.[3]

Ianthella basta
Ianthella basta.jpg
Elephant ear sponge
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Porifera
Class: Demospongiae
Order: Verongiida
Family: Ianthellidae
Genus: Ianthella
Species:
I. basta
Binomial name
Ianthella basta
(Pallas, 1766)
Synonyms[1]
List
  • Spongia basta Pallas, 1766
  • Spongia grossa Esper, 1794
  • Spongia striata Lamarck, 1814

A sponge measuring 1.7 m in height and 9.5 m circumference has been estimated to be about 8 years old.[2]

DistributionEdit

The elephant ear sponge is found in the Indo-Pacific region.[4][3] It is found on coral reefs in areas with rapid water flows.[3]

Ianthella basta are introduced species they do not tend to invade other species territories and are noncompetitive. [5]

EcologyEdit

The sea cucumber (Synaptula lamperti) is closely associated with the sponge and makes use of certain nutrients exuded by it.[6]

Research is being undertaken on various metabolites and other biologically active constituents that are synthesized by the sponge.[7][8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Van Soest RW, Boury-Esnault N, Hooper JN, Rützler K, de Voogd NJ, de Glasby BA, Hajdu E, Pisera AB, Manconi R, Schoenberg C, Janussen D, Tabachnick KR, Klautau M, Picton B, Kelly M, Vacelet J, eds. (2022). "Ianthella basta (Pallas, 1766)". World Porifera database. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 21 April 2022.
  2. ^ a b Rohde, Sven; Schupp, Peter J. (2011). "Growth and regeneration of the elephant ear sponge Ianthella basta (Porifera)". Ancient Animals, New Challenges. pp. 219–226. doi:10.1007/978-94-007-4688-6_18.
  3. ^ a b c Saltcorner
  4. ^ "Ianthella basta (Pallas, 1766)". Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 21 April 2022.
  5. ^ Rohde, Sven; Schupp, Peter J. (2012-05-01). "Growth and regeneration of the elephant ear sponge Ianthella basta (Porifera)". Hydrobiologia. 687 (1): 219–226. doi:10.1007/s10750-011-0774-5. ISSN 1573-5117.
  6. ^ Hammond, L.S.; Wilkinson, Clive R. (1985). "Exploitation of sponge exudates by coral reef holothuroids". Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 94 (1–3): 1–9. doi:10.1016/0022-0981(85)90046-2.
  7. ^ Kazlauskas, R.; Lidgard, R.O.; Murphy, P.T.; Wells, R.J. (1980). "Brominated tyrosine-derived metabolites from the sponge Ianthella basta". Tetrahedron Letters. 21 (23): 2277–2280. doi:10.1016/0040-4039(80)80023-2.
  8. ^ Pettit, George R.; Butler, Mark S.; Williams, Michael D.; Filiatrault, Melanie J.; Pettit, Robin K. (1996). "Isolation and structure of hemibastadinols 1−3 from the Papua New Guinea marine sponge Ianthella basta". Journal of Natural Products. 59 (10): 927–934. doi:10.1021/np960249n. PMID 8904842.