Sir Ian Brownlie, CBE, QC, FBA (19 September 1932, Liverpool – 3 January 2010, Cairo)[1] was an English barrister and academic, specialising in international law. He was Chichele Professor of Public International Law from 1980 to 1999.

Sir Ian Brownlie
Born(1932-09-19)19 September 1932
Died3 January 2010(2010-01-03) (aged 77)
Academic background
EducationAlsop High School
Alma materHertford College, Oxford (BA, BCL, DPhil)
ThesisInternational Law and the Use of Force by States (1963)
Doctoral advisorSir Humphrey Waldock
Academic work
InstitutionsAll Souls College, Oxford
University of Leeds
University of Nottingham
London School of Economics
Doctoral studentsJames Crawford, Benedict Kingsbury

Early life and education edit

Brownlie was born in Bootle, Liverpool; his father worked for an insurance company. He was evacuated during the Second World War to Heswell, near Wirral, going a year without any formal education after the local school was bombed.[2] He attended Alsop High School. He then attended Hertford College, Oxford as a Gibbs Scholar in 1952 and received a first-class BA in law in 1953. Speaking of this time, C. H. S. Fifoot described Brownlie his "ablest student".[3] He was the Vinerian Scholar with the highest marks on the BCL.[4] He was a Humanitarian Trust Student at King's College, Cambridge in 1955 where he studied public international law. He completed his DPhil at Oxford in 1961 under the supervision of Humphrey Waldock, his thesis being later published in 1963 as International Law and the Use of Force by States.[2] He received the higher doctorate DCL from Oxford in 1976.[1]

He was called to the Bar by Gray's Inn in 1958; he began practice some years later in 1967 at 2 Crown Office Row.[2] He was a tenant at Blackstone Chambers from 1983 until his death on 3 January 2010.[3] He was a member of the Communist Party of Great Britain until the Soviet Union's invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968.[5]

Career edit

He began his academic career at the University of Nottingham as a lecturer from 1957 to 1963. He was a fellow and tutor in law at Wadham College, Oxford from 1963 to 1976 and a University of Oxford lecturer from 1964 to 1976. In 1976, he took silk. He was appointed professor of international law at the London School of Economics between 1976 and 1980. He was reader of public international law at the Inns of Court School of law from 1973 to 1976. From 1980 to 1999, he was Chichele Professor of Public International Law and a Fellow of All Souls College at the University of Oxford; he was appointed a Distinguished Fellow of All Souls in 2004. He was director of studies at the International Law Association from 1982 to 1991. He was lecturer at The Hague Academy of International Law in 1979 and 1995.[1] He retired from Oxford in 1999, upon reaching the statutory mandated retirement age.[2]

He served as an advisor to United States President Jimmy Carter during the 1979 Iranian Hostage Crisis. The cases in which he argued before the International Court of Justice include Nicaragua v. United States, Nauru v. Australia, Bosnia and Herzegovina v. Serbia and Montenegro, the Pedra Branca dispute, Libya v. United Kingdom, Libya v. United States, and Democratic Republic of the Congo v. Uganda. He also argued several important cases before the European Court of Human Rights, including Cyprus v. Turkey. In total, he argued over 40 contentious cases before the ICJ.[3] He also represented Amnesty International at the extradition trial of Chilean coup-leader Augusto Pinochet before the English courts in 1999. He was a member of the United Nations' International Law Commission from 1997 until his resignation in 2008.[6] He was editor of The British Yearbook of International Law from 1974 to 1999.[1]

Brownlie was a Fellow of the British Academy and his memberships included the International Law Association and the Institut de Droit International. In 2006, he was awarded the Wolfgang Friedmann Memorial Award for international law. He was knighted in the 2009 Birthday Honours.[7]

Personal life edit

In 1957, Brownlie married Jocelyn Gale with whom he had one son and two daughters; the marriage was dissolved in 1975. He remarried in 1978, marrying Christine Apperley.[1] Brownlie died in a car accident in Cairo on 3 January 2010; his wife and daughter were also in the car, his wife breaking ribs and his daughter Rebecca was killed alongside him.[8][9][4] The man driving the vehicle was convicted of involuntary manslaughter.[10] Brownlie's wife Christine Brownlie brought an action suing for damage which occurred in England even though the accident occurred in Egypt; the case was decided in the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom in FS Cairo v Brownlie [2021] UKSC 45. The court found in favour of Christine Brownlie in what was described as a landmark ruling.[10]

Publications edit

Several of Brownlie's published works are considered standard texts in their fields:

  • International Law and the Use of Force between States (Oxford doctoral thesis, 1963)
  • Principles of Public International Law (1966) (8th ed., 2012)
  • Basic Documents in International Law (1967) (6th ed., 2008)
  • Basic Documents on Human Rights (1971) (5th ed., 2006)
  • African Boundaries: A Legal and Diplomatic Encyclopedia (1979)
  • System of the Law of Nations: State Responsibility (1983)

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Brownlie, Sir Ian, (19 Sept. 1932–3 Jan. 2010), International Law practitioner". WHO'S WHO & WHO WAS WHO. doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.u9150. ISBN 978-0-19-954089-1. Retrieved 12 March 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d "Ian Brownlie" (PDF). The British Academy. Retrieved 12 March 2022.
  3. ^ a b c Sands, Philippe (12 January 2010). "Sir Ian Brownlie obituary". The Guardian. London: 35. Retrieved 29 October 2012.
  4. ^ a b "Sir Ian Brownlie". The Telegraph. Retrieved 12 March 2022.
  5. ^ Sir Ian Brownlie: International lawyer who fought for human rights and civil liberties Independent, 25 February 2010
  6. ^ United Nations International Law Commission. Report on Matters Related to the Work of the International Law Commission at its Sixtieth Session[permanent dead link]. Retrieved 29 April 2009.
  7. ^ "No. 59090". The London Gazette (Supplement). 13 June 2009. p. 1.
  8. ^ "Sir Ian Brownlie CBE QC – Blackstone Chambers". Archived from the original on 28 March 2010. Retrieved 6 January 2010.
  9. ^ "Blackstone Chambers mourns death of Sir Ian Brownlie QC". The Lawyer. Retrieved 6 January 2010.
  10. ^ a b Siddique, Haroon (20 October 2021). "Woman wins right to sue Egyptian hotel in English courts over husband's death". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 March 2022.

External links edit