The IWI Tavor TAR-21 is an Israeli bullpup assault rifle chambered in 5.56×45mm NATO caliber with a selective fire system, selecting between semi-automatic mode and full automatic fire mode. The Tavor is designed and produced by Israel Weapon Industries (IWI). It is produced in two main variants: the TAR-21 and the CTAR-21.
|IWI Tavor TAR-21|
|Type||Bullpup assault rifle|
|Place of origin||Israel|
|Used by||See Users|
|Wars||Gaza War (2008–2009)|
Insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir
2014 Israel–Gaza conflict
2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war
|Designer||Israel Military Industries|
|Manufacturer||Israel Weapon Industries (IWI)|
Also produced under IWI license by:
|Mass||3.27 kg (7.21 lb)|
|Length||720 mm (28.3 in)|
|Barrel length||460 mm (18.1 in)|
|Action||Long-stroke gas-operated, closed rotating bolt|
|Rate of fire||750-900 RPM|
|Muzzle velocity||910 m/s (2,986 ft/s)|
|Effective firing range||550 m[clarification needed]|
|Feed system||30-round detachable box STANAG Magazine(5.56×45mm NATO)|
|Sights||Backup iron sights and integrated Picatinny rails are provided for the Meprolight MP 21, ITL MARS with integrated laser and IR pointer, Trijicon ACOG, EOTech holographic sight and other optical sights|
Built around a long-stroke piston system (as found in the M1 Garand and AK-47), the Tavor is designed to maximize reliability, durability, simplicity of design, and ease of maintenance, particularly under adverse or battlefield conditions.
In 2009, the Tavor X95 (also known as the Micro Tavor or MTAR) was selected by the Israeli Defense Forces to gradually replace the M16 assault rifle and M4 carbine variants as the standard-issued weapon of the Israeli infantry by the end of 2018. The first X95 bullpup rifles were issued to infantry units in 2013. Both the TAR-21 and X95 are part of the Tavor family of rifles, along with the Tavor 7.
In the beginning of September 2021, there were conflicting reports in Israeli media whether the IDF was planning to end further acquisition of the Tavor and Micro and replace it with M4s for front-line units. On 7 September, a report was published on the IDF's Hebrew website that the IDF plans to continue acquiring the Micro Tavor and equipping combat units with it.
Israel Military Industries (the small arms branch of IMI was privatized into Israel Weapon Industries) initiated the Tavor development team in 1995, under the direction of gun designer Zalmen Shebs.
The objective of the project was to create an assault rifle that was more reliable, durable, and easier to maintain than the M4A1 carbine, while also being better suited to close-quarters combat and mechanized infantry roles. As a result, they hoped that the weapon would be officially adopted by the Israel Defense Forces.
Due to the military's close-quarters and mechanized infantry requirements, the project team selected a bullpup design that would allow the weapon to be compact while keeping a long barrel able to achieve ballistically favorable high muzzle velocities. A long-stroke piston system, similar to that found in the AK-47 and M1 Garand, was selected to ensure the weapon's reliability under adverse conditions.
Trials and Use in IsraelEdit
The Tavor prevailed over the M4A1 in a series of trials conducted during 2001 and 2002. Qualities tested included Mean Rounds Between Failures (MRBF), reliability, ergonomics during long marches, and ease-of-maintenance.
As part of initial testing by Israel Defense Forces' infantry units, the TAR-21 was distributed to members of the training company of the Tzabar Battalion from the Givati Brigade who were drafted in August 2001. They received their rifles in November 2001 during basic training. Initial testing results were favorable – the TAR-21 was found to be significantly more accurate and reliable (as well as more comfortable) than the M4 during extensive field testing.
Issues with fine sand entering the Tavor's chamber, which were identified over the two years of testing, were rectified by numerous small adjustments. A number of other improvements and changes to the design were also made between 2001 and 2009. The Tavor CTAR-21 saw combat service in Operation Cast Lead, used by Givati Brigade and Golani Brigade, and the soldiers reported the Tavor bullpup assault rifles functioned flawlessly.
In November 2009, the IDF announced that the X95 would become the standard infantry weapon of the IDF, with the addition of an integrated grenade launcher. A gradual changeover has begun in 2006 and expected completion among front line troops was to be by the end of 2018.
In December 2012, the IDF announced that they would begin equipping and training their new reserve forces with the X95, starting in 2013, with the switch-over by the end of 2018.
The first Tavor X95s were issued to new recruits of a main IDF infantry brigade in 2013, replacing the M16. In 2014 the IDF announced that in the future (from as early as the end of 2014) some infantry units could start to be issued some numbers of an improved X95, which will have a longer 38 cm (15 in) barrel (instead of the original 33 cm barrel) and a lighter trigger pull.
On 5 September 2021, it was reported by the Israel Hayom newspaper's website that Israeli front-line infantry units have begun replacing their Tavor and Micro Tavor Rifles with M4s and that the Tavor rifles in existing inventory will be transitioned to reserve brigades. However, on 8 September, the IsraelDefense website reported that the IDF plans to continue acquiring the Micro Tavor, quoting from a report posted on the IDF's Hebrew website on 7 September regarding a multi-year plan. The rifle is to be distributed to combat troops of relevant units in upcoming rounds of recruitment. The weapons division of the Ground Forces Command was quoted as saying that it's "very satisfied by its capabilities... the rifle performs very well and has proven itself."
The Tavor uses a bullpup configuration, in which the receiver, bolt carrier group and magazine are placed behind the pistol grip. This shortens the firearm's overall length without sacrificing barrel length. As a result, the Tavor provides carbine overall length, yet can achieve rifle muzzle velocities if equipped with a rifle-length barrel.
Long-stroke piston systemEdit
The Tavor uses a non-lubricated long-stroke piston system, as found in the M1 Garand, IMI Galil, and the AK-47. Like in the AK-47, the long-stroke piston mechanism contributes to the extreme forcefulness of the TAR-21's extraction and chambering. The Tavor's attachment of the piston to a heavy bolt carrier, and the extension of the mainspring into the hollow stem of the bolt carrier, bears a family resemblance to the internal mechanism of the AK-47.
Ambidexterity and modularityEdit
The Tavor has ejection ports on both sides of the rifle so it can easily be reconfigured for right or left-handed shooters. However, this process requires partial disassembly, so it cannot be quickly reconfigured while the rifle is in use. An issue related to this is the original plastic cover on the unused ejection can allow gas to escape during the course of fire. Due to the bullpup design, this vents right under the shooter's face, causing issues such as inhaling ejection gases and the fouling of glasses and face with ejection debris. The issue is exacerbated when the weapon is suppressed. The characteristic black smudge from this has been nicknamed "Tavor face" by some shooters. This has been addressed by various non-factory solutions which increase sealing of the unused port.
The Tavor features a self-contained, drop-in trigger group so that the trigger group can be changed or replaced without the use of additional tools.
The Tavor can also be mounted with the M203 grenade launcher (GTAR-21).
Chambering, cartridges and ammunition feedingEdit
The IDF uses both 3.6-gram (55 gr) M193 and 4.0-gram (62 gr) M855 5.56×45mm rounds. M193 rounds are used by regular infantrymen for better terminal effects at shorter distances, while the heavier M855 is used by sharpshooters.
The Tavor accepts standard STANAG magazines.
Last round bolt-open catchEdit
The Tavor features a last round bolt catch, whereby the bolt holds open after the last round discharges. This is a request of modern armies, as it helps to allow soldiers to know when their magazine empties and to reduce reloading times during combat while also not requiring manual action cycling after.
Tavor barrels are made from CrMoV steel and cold-hammer-forged (CHF) on the premises of the IWI factory in Ramat HaSharon. The TAR-21 barrel is 18 inches (457 mm) in length and is chrome-lined for durability and corrosion resistance. The barrel features 6 grooves in a 1 in 7 inch (178 mm) twist, or 32 calibers right hand twist rate.
Reliability, ease-of-maintenance and waterproofingEdit
The design objectives of the Tavor aimed for reliability and ease-of-maintenance, particularly under adverse or battlefield conditions. According to Russell C. Tilstra, the Tavor is "easily considered more reliable" than the M16 and M4 series rifles.
The Tavor is designed to be easily field-stripped, without the need for any additional tools.
It is waterproofed and its internal mechanism is sealed from outside elements, so that it can pass over-the-beach requirements.
The Tavor TAR-21 is the standard variant with a 457 mm (18 in) long barrel.
Tavor X95 (MTAR-21)Edit
The Tavor X95 (also referred to as the MTAR-21) is the variant of the Tavor that was selected as the future standard infantry weapon of the IDF in 2009. In 2013, the X95 was issued for the first time as the standard infantry weapon to recruits of the Givati Brigade.
With the use of a relatively simple conversion kit, the X95 can be converted from a 5.56 mm assault rifle to a 9 mm submachine gun. A suppressor can also be added to the weapon, as part of the 9 mm conversion kit. A grenade launcher can also be attached to the X95.
The IWI Tavor 7 is the latest iteration of the Tavor. It is chambered in 7.62×51 mm NATO. It is a fully ambidextrous rifle.
- Tavor 7. The Tavor 7 is the base variant of this rifle, with a 432 mm (17 in) long barrel, and 730 mm (28.7 in) overall length.
- 20" Barrel A designated marksman rifle variant, however yet to be separately designated, that is equipped with a 508 mm (20 in) barrel and has an 806 mm (31.7 in) overall length
Ukrainian licensed TavorsEdit
- Fort-221 – Ukrainian locally produced version of the CTAR-21 in 5.45×39 mm.
- Fort-222 – Ukrainian locally produced version of the STAR-21 in 5.45×39 mm.
The semi-automatic Tavor Carbine (TC-21) was first made available for civilian customers to purchase in Canada from 2008. The Canadian civilian version initially shipped with the Mepro reflex sight and a slightly longer barrel to meet the Canadian requirement for non-restricted semi-automatic centerfire rifles to have a barrel length of at least 470 mm. Current versions are shipped with a full-length Picatinny rail, without optics. In Europe, the Czech company Zeleny Sport recently (December 2015) imported Israeli-made TC-21s, equipped with Mepro M5 or M21 reflex sight, which are now available for both civilian and law enforcement customers.
In 2013, IWI started a US subsidiary, IWI US, which is manufacturing the semi-automatic TC-21 as the Tavor SAR for U.S. sales. The weapon is manufactured with a combination of Israeli and US parts. IWI US had shipped 50,000 Tavor SARs to US civilian customers by early 2016.
IWI US sells the Tavor SAR in variety of variants:
- TSB16: Semi-automatic version of the CTAR-21, with a 26.125 in (663.575 mm) overall length.
- TSB16L: A TSB16 with left-handed controls pre-installed.
- TSB16-BLK: A TSB16 chambered in .300 AAC Blackout.
- TSB17-9: 9×19 mm submachine gun with a 17 in (431.8 mm) barrel and a 26.125 in (663.575 mm) overall length.
- TSB18: 5.56×45 mm rifle with an 18 in (457.2 mm) barrel and a 27.625 in (701.675 mm) overall length.
- TSB18RS: 5.56×45 mm rifle with an 18 in (457.2 mm) barrel and a 30 in (762 mm) overall length; integrated permanent 2+3⁄8 in muzzle brake and a 10-round magazine to be compliant with laws of certain states. ("RS" stands for Restricted State.)
- TSIDF16: Semi-automatic version of the CTAR-21 without a full-length rail, an integrated MEPRO 21 sight, and a 26.125 in (663.575 mm) overall length; meant to be a semi-automatic replica of the CTAR-21 issued to the IDF.
Note: IWI US sells their Tavor SARs in a variety of colors, including Black (B), Flat Dark Earth (FD), and OD Green (G); the letter "B" subsequent to "TS" in the rifles' designations can be switched with any of the colors' respective letters.
A significant aftermarket of spare and replacement parts has developed around the Tavor, including the development of match grade accurizing triggers for the bullpup rifle that are produced by manufacturers such as Geissele Automatics and double stage trigger pack TAV-D from Shooting Sight.
Shlomi Sabag, Deputy CEO of IWI, says that one of the indicators of the success of the rifle in the shooting sports or civilian market is the fact that "an aftermarket of products associated with the Tavor bullpup rifle, like triggers, has evolved very quickly".
The National Rifle Association's American Rifleman awarded the Tavor the 2014 Golden Bullseye Award as its rifle of the year. The NRA's prestigious award, now in its twelfth year, aims to award the best products available to civilian shooters.
The Tavor X95 was awarded the NRA's rifle of the year award for 2017.
- Angola: Angolan Army purchase for Special Forces.
- Azerbaijan: Azerbaijan purchased a number of TAR-21 for the special operations forces of the Azerbaijani Army in August 2008.
- Brazil: Produced under license by Taurus for the military, but as of 2017, Taurus has never carried out a licensed production of the Tavor. Small numbers are issued to soldiers in the Frontier Brigade.
- Cameroon: Issued to the Special Forces of Cameroon Army.
- Chad: Issued to Chadian Ground Forces since 2006.
- Colombia: Used by special forces and the National Police of Colombia.
- Chile: Investigations Police of Chile.
- Cyprus: The Tavor Χ95 assault rifle is to gradually replace the ageing G3 battle rifle.
- Georgia: Different variants of the weapon have been acquired and issued to law enforcement, special commando and protection units of the Georgian MIA since 2001. In 2004 the TAR-21 was to replace the Soviet Kalashnikov rifle, however due to lack of funding and low purchase quantity that idea was abandoned. The construction of a manufacturing plant was also considered.
- Guatemala: Guatemala's police force or PNC (Policia Nacional Civil) operates the TAR-21.
- Honduras: Honduran Army and special forces operate the Tavor X95.
- India: In late 2002, India signed an ₹880 million (equivalent to ₹2.9 billion or US$36 million in 2020) deal with Israel Military Industries for 3,070 manufactured TAR-21s to be issued to India's special forces personnel, where its ergonomics, reliability in heat and sand might give them an edge at close-quarters and employment from inside vehicles. By 2005, IMI had supplied 350–400 TAR-21s to India's northern Special Frontier Force (SFF). These were subsequently declared to be "operationally unsatisfactory". The required changes have since been made, and tests in Israel during 2006 went well, clearing the contracted consignment for delivery. The TAR-21 has now entered operational service – even as India gears up for a larger competition that could feature a 9 mm X95 version. There was an attempt to create an Indian version of the Tavor under license known as Zittara, which was not adopted and it was made with a few prototypes from OFB. The new Tavor X95s have a modified single-piece stock and new sights, as well as Turkish-made MKEK T-40 40 mm under-barrel grenade launchers. 5,500 have been recently inducted and more rifles are being ordered. A consignment of over 500 Tavor bullpup assault rifles and another 30 Galil sniper rifles worth over ₹150 million (US$1.9 million) and ₹20 million (US$250,000) respectively was delivered to the MARCOS (Marine Commandos) in December 2010.: In 2016, IWI announced that it was establishing a 49:51 joint venture with Punj Lloyd in India, in order manufacture rifle components in India.
- Indonesia: Used by BRIMOB Police Special Forces.
- Ivory Coast: Used by Ivorian Special Forces.
- Israel: See: Trials and Use in Israel
- Mexico: In service with the Ministry of Public Security since 2011.
- Mongolia: Special forces.
- Morocco: General Directorate for National Security equipped with the Tavor X95. The first Arab or North African country to use the Tavor publicly.
- Nigeria: The State Security Service employ it as the primary assault rifle for their close protection and tactical units replacing the Uzi. Adopted by the Nigerian Navy and the Nigerian Air Force Regiment as their main assault rifle.
- North Macedonia: Used by Rapid Deployment Unit (Tar-21) and Special Anti-terrorist Unit – Tiger (Tavor x95) .
- Philippines: Small quantities in use by special units of the Philippine Marines and Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency and one PNP SWAT team in Pasig.
- Portugal: Small quantities of the TAR-21 are in use by field and intervention units of the Polícia Judiciária, like hostage negotiation teams and investigators who usually work alongside other dedicated law enforcement intervention units—the Special Operations Group (GOE) and the National Republican Guard's Special Operations Company (COE); these weapons were initially intended to equip a new unit under the command of the Polícia Judiciária resembling the GOE. The TAR-21 also participated in the competition for the new service rifle for the three branches of the Portuguese Armed Forces and the Police Special Operations Group (GOE)—a bid that also included the local production of the TAR-21 in Portugal. However, the TAR-21 was excluded from the shortlist. The competition has meanwhile been annulled, after the other contenders and both political and defense critics accused the competition of favoring the Heckler & Koch G36.
- Senegal: Issued to the Special Forces of Senegal Army.
- Thailand: To replace some of its current inventory of M16A1 assault rifles, The Royal Thai Army purchased three batches of TAR-21 bullpup assault rifles for US$27.77 million (THB 946.99 million) and approved delivery of a fourth batch with total number of 13,868 rifles at US$27,777,604 US (THB 964,993,963 at the exchange rate of 34.74 THB/USD) on 15 September 2009, bringing the total to more than 76,000 TAR-21s.
- Turkey: Used by Special Forces Command in executive protection role.
- Ukraine: Yuriy Lutsenko, then head of Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, announced on October 1, 2008 that Israel Weapon Industries and the Ukrainian research and production company RPC Fort would jointly manufacture Tavor bullpup assault rifles to enter service with special Ukrainian military and police units. RPC Fort had displayed working samples of Tavors chambered in 5.45×39mm cartridge with Milkor 40mm UBGL grenade launchers to showcase to Ukrainian security forces officers as a means of convincing them to buy Ukrainian-made Tavors for special forces units. In December 2009, a resolution was adopted to purchase the Fort 221 chambered in 5.45x39 for Ukrainian intelligence/border guard agencies, purchased in small numbers. It was subsequently adopted in 2014 for Ukrainian military and police forces also in 5.45 caliber.
- United States: In August 2013, IWI US announced that the Pennsylvania Capitol Police had adopted the Tavor SAR, a variant specifically designed for the U.S. market. In July 2014, it was announced that the Lakewood, New Jersey Police Department would begin to adopt the Tavor SAR, after the weapon "met the demands and requirements of the Lakewood PD for reliability, ease-of-maintenance, durability and accuracy". The Hidalgo County Sheriff's Office in Texas, operate Tavor SAR.
- Uruguay: On 13 October 2021, it was reported that the Uruguayan Ministry of the Interior acquired some 200 Tavor X-95s, manufactured by IWI, for the Uruguayan National Republican Guard Directorate. Training was carried out by an instructor from IWI, brought especially to Uruguay for that purpose. The Uruguayan police also purchased thousands of Tavor rifles from IWI.
- Vietnam: From 2012, the TAR-21 entered service in special units of the Vietnamese Army, equipping special forces, naval infantries and navy personnel.
- Zambia: Used by the Zambian Army Special Forces Group.
- Future Weapons, by Kevin Dockery, (Penguin 2007)
- Peri, Dinakar (4 May 2017). "Punj Lloyd, IWI of Israel make small arms in India". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 2017-05-04. Retrieved 2018-01-17.
- Modern Firearms – TAR-21 assault rifle Archived 2004-10-12 at the Wayback Machine. World.guns.ru. Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
- "Tavor in India : Israeli Assault Rifle's Journey and Prospects in India". 16 December 2017. Archived from the original on 2017-12-22. Retrieved 2017-12-19.
- "Decidedly Different: The IWI Tavor". American Rifleman. Archived from the original on 25 October 2014. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
- The first time the IDF recruits were issued the "Micro-Tavor" Archived 2016-04-25 at the Wayback Machine Israel National News, 22/02/13 13:01
- "Parting shots: After only a decade, IDF retires 'Tavor' rifle". www.israelhayom.com. Retrieved 2021-09-13.
- Ami Rojkes Dombe (2021-09-08). "IDF continuing to acquire Micro Tavor assault rifles". Israel Defense. Retrieved 2021-09-19.
- "TAVOR History". Archived from the original on 11 May 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
- Future Weapons - Tavor assault rifle Archived 2017-02-09 at the Wayback Machine. YouTube.com.
- לאור תפקודו במבצע: אין עוד צורך בשיפור התבור Archived 2009-08-30 at the Wayback Machine, IDF Spokesperson, in Hebrew (In English the title reads: "Due to its performance during the operation: there are no further improvements required in the Tavor")
- מיקרו–תבור לכל לוחם חי"ר [Micro-Tavor for every infantry fighter]. Dover.idf.il (in Hebrew). 2009-11-22. Archived from the original on 2009-11-22. Retrieved 2010-08-31.
- IWI X95: A Bullpup For IDF Special Forces Archived 2013-12-03 at the Wayback Machine – SAdefensejournal.com, 21 March 2012
- Israeli Army reserve soldiers to be equipped with Tavor TAR-21 Archived 2012-12-18 at the Wayback Machine – Armyrecognition.com, December 15, 2012
- ישראל דיפנס Archived 2014-01-08 at the Wayback Machine, הכתבה הופיעה במלואה במקור במגזין "במחנה" גיליון 47, 12 דצמבר 2013.
- "Bullpup Forum SHOT Show Interview". Bullpup Forum. Archived from the original on 2014-03-13. Retrieved 2012-05-17.
- "Israel Weapon Industries (I.W.I.): TAVOR TAR-21 5.56 mm". Israel-weapon.com. Archived from the original on 2010-09-27. Retrieved 2010-08-31.
- "Tavor – IWI US". Archived from the original on 20 December 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- The Battle Rifle: Development and Use Since World War II , By Russell C. Tilstra, Russell C. Tilstra, (McFarland 2014), page 98
- The Battle Rifle: Development and Use Since World War II, By Russell C. Tilstra, (McFarland 2014) page 97
- Tavor Sar Archived 2015-02-18 at the Wayback Machine page 14
- The Gun Digest Book of Assault Weapons (Gun Digest Books, 26 Sep 2007), By Jack Lewis, Robert K. Campbell, David Steele, page 246
- The first time the IDF recruits were issued the "Micro-Tavor" Archived 2016-04-25 at the Wayback Machine Israel National News, 22/02/13 13:01
- "IWI GL – IWI". iwi.net. Archived from the original on 2018-04-07. Retrieved 2018-04-06.
- "Ukraine's Tavors -". 18 May 2022.
- "SE SFTF "Ukroboronexport"".
- "IWI Tavor civilian semi-automatic carbine". Canadaammo.com. Archived from the original on 2008-10-19. Retrieved 2010-08-31.
- "Our Story | IWI US, Inc". IWI US. 10 February 2017. Archived from the original on 20 July 2018. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
- Another great milestone reached today! 50,000 Tavor SAR's out the door! Archived 2017-05-27 at the Wayback Machine IWI US, Facebook
- The success of the 'Tavor' has taken us by surprise" Archived 2014-04-26 at the Wayback Machine Amir Rapaport 10/3/2014
- "IWI Accepts the TTAG Reader's Choice Award for Best Rifle of 2013". The Truth About Guns. 16 January 2014. Archived from the original on 6 January 2015. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
- "The IWI US TAVOR SAR is the 2014 American Rifleman Rifle of the Year". AmmoLand.com. 20 December 2013. Archived from the original on 7 January 2014. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
- "IWI US TAVOR® SAR 2014 Golden Bullseye Award Rifle of the Year". IWI US, Inc. 18 March 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-01-07. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
- IWI US’ X95 Wins 2017 Golden Bullseye Award for Rifle of the Year from Shooting Illustrated Archived 2017-10-07 at the Wayback Machine Harrisburg, Pa. (December 2016)
- "37.º ANIVERSÁRIO DAS FORÇAS ESPECIAIS ANGOLANAS – Operacional". Archived from the original on 19 October 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
- Shahin Abbasov (2009-08-16). "Azerbaijan Mum about Israeli Spy Plane, Satellite Projects". EurasiaNet.org. Archived from the original on 2012-05-05. Retrieved 2010-08-26.
- A Taurus e o Tavor Archived 2011-07-09 at the Wayback Machine. Defesabrasil.com. Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
- "The Taurus way to a 5.56×45mm rifle". The Firearm Blog. 2017-02-14. Retrieved 2021-05-03.
- Julio Montes. "Elites of the Exército Brasileiro, Page 1". Small Arms Defense Journal. Archived from the original on 2013-11-12. Retrieved 2012-05-13.
- Binnie, Jeremy; de Cherisey, Erwan (2017). "New-model African armies" (PDF). Jane's. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 June 2017.
- "Israeli arms transfers to sub-Saharan Africa" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 15, 2013.
- InfoDefensa, Revista Defensa. "La Policía colombiana despliega su nuevo grupo antiextorsión". Infodefensa - Noticias de defensa, industria, seguridad, armamento, ejércitos y tecnología de la defensa (in Spanish). Retrieved 2022-11-06.
- Equiparán más unidades con potentes fusiles israelíes Archived 2014-10-30 at the Wayback Machine 30 de Marzo de 2012, El Heraldo
- "Defence ministry plans armament spending spree | Cyprus Mail". Archived from the original on 2017-10-04. Retrieved 2017-10-06.
- "Globes English - Georgia Army to buy Tavor assault rifle". Archived from the original on 2016-12-20. Retrieved 2016-12-07.
- "Agentes todavía no saben utilizar fusiles comprados por el Gobierno". Elperiodico.com.gt. Archived from the original on 2011-07-17. Retrieved 2010-08-31.
- "Equiparán más unidades con MTAR 21". elheraldo.hn. Archived from the original on 2012-03-31. Retrieved 2012-04-17.
- "One FIR, Govt blacklists 7 firms, hits artillery upgrade". The Indian Express. 2009-06-05. p. 2. Archived from the original on 2009-06-09. Retrieved 2009-06-09.
- Tavor-21 Rifle Headed Into Service With Indian Special Forces Archived 2008-12-16 at the Wayback Machine. Defenseindustrydaily.com (2007-02-28). Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
- "To give 'irregulars' punch, forces go shopping for hi-tech weapons". The Times of India. 2011-01-13. Archived from the original on 2012-11-04. Retrieved 2013-07-04.
- Israeli TAR-21 Tavor Assault Rifles for Indian Navy Commandos Archived 2011-01-16 at the Wayback Machine, 2011-01-12, IANS, bharat-rakshak.com
- IWI Establishes Activity in India Archived 2016-02-09 at the Wayback Machine Ami Rojkes Dombe | 7/02/2016
- A Ziyadi (13 October 2017). "IWI Tavor: Senapan Serbu Futuristik Yang Digunakan Brimob Polri" (in Indonesian).
- Compra la policía capitalina armas israelíes Archived 2014-10-30 at the Wayback Machine Excelsior, 22/08/2011 05:00 Gerardo Jiménez
- "Военный парад в Монголии в честь Дня народной революции 1921 года". bmpd. 2018-07-11. Retrieved 2021-05-03.
- Has Morocco equipped policemen with Israeli Tavor Assault Rifle 24/05/2018, Yabiladi
- "NEC okays subsidy removal from Jan". Archived from the original on 2012-01-07. Retrieved 2011-12-13.
- "Israeli TAVOR bullpup assault rifle becomes standard combat rifle of Nigerian Air Force Regiment | May 2020 News". www.armyrecognition.com. Retrieved 2021-09-19.
- "Specijalne-jedinice.com | Special Task Unit "Tiger" of the Republic Macedonia". Archived from the original on 2018-08-22. Retrieved 2018-08-22.
- Ben-David, Alon (September 23, 2009). "In the Line of Fire: Infantry Weapons". Jane's Defence Weekly (ISSN 0265-3818).
- Philstar Online PDEA acquires 120 new assault rifles
- The Guardian Philippines secret death squads: officer claims police teams behind wave of killings Archived 2016-10-04 at the Wayback Machine
- Substituição da G-3: Governo recorreu para o Supremo Archived 2011-09-29 at the Wayback Machine, Diário Digital
- Militares vão continuar a utilizar as velhas 'G3' Archived 2008-12-05 at the Wayback Machine, Diário de Notícias (in Portuguese)
- "The Jazz Singer: IWI Tavor Review - Guns & Ammo". Archived from the original on 2016-06-29. Retrieved 2016-07-06.
- "Senegal moves ahead with military procurements - Shephard Media - Aerospace, defence and security news and analysis". Archived from the original on 2017-03-25. Retrieved 2017-07-02.
- "ข่าวการจัดหาอาวุธของกองทัพบก". นายสิบไทยดอทคอม. Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
- DefenseNews.com[dead link] Thailand Plans $191.3M Arms Purchase
- "กห.ชงครม. ซื้อปืนยิว พันล้านให้ทบ". หนังสือพิมพ์ไทยรัฐ. 13 September 2009. Archived from the original on 28 September 2018. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
- Sof, Eric (2012-10-06). "Bordo Bereliler: The difficult we do immediately, the impossible takes a little longer". Spec Ops Magazine. Retrieved 2021-06-09.
- "TAVOR in Turkish army for Executive protection". 18 September 2015.
- Tavory dla Ukrainy Archived 2008-10-15 at the Wayback Machine. Altair. Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
- "Луценко продемонстрировал новое украинское стрелковое оружие — ВидеоНовости". Video News. 2010-03-01. Archived from the original on 2010-03-01. Retrieved 2021-05-03.
- "Ukraińskie Tavory w kalibrze 5,45 mm - Altair Agencja Lotnicza". Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- "Ukrainian arsenal: Machines of the Fort family | National Advisories Portal". Archived from the original on 2017-12-13. Retrieved 2019-03-18.
- Pennsylvania State Capitol Police Adopt IWI US TAVOR SAR Rifle Archived 2013-12-07 at the Wayback Machine - Thefirearmblog.com, 28 August 2013
- "IWI US, Inc. Receives Contract from Township of Lakewood, New Jersey Police Department". Officer.com. Archived from the original on 12 July 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
- "Securing the Border: The Hidalgo County Sheriff's Experience Using the TAVOR®/X95™". Archived from the original on 2017-03-07. Retrieved 2017-03-06.
- Eyal Boguslavsky (2021-10-13). "Tavor X-95 rifles in use by the Uruguayan National Republican Guard". Israel Defense. Retrieved 2021-10-15.
- Súng trường uy lực của hải quân đánh bộ Việt Nam Archived 2013-05-29 at the Wayback Machine Thế giớiQuân sự | Cập nhật thứ ba, ngày 07/05/13
- "Zambian military parades new equipment". Janes.com. Retrieved 2021-09-19.
- Israel Weapon Industries (I.W.I.): TAVOR TAR-21 5.56 mm (TAVOR TAR FLATTOP)
- Israel Weapon Industries (I.W.I.): Micro TAVOR MTAR-21 5.56 mm / 9×19 mm
- on YouTube YouTube Video: Overview of the civilian semi-automatic version of the Tavor
- on YouTube YouTube Video: Water Tests of the Micro Tavor (X95)
- Tavor Israeli Weapons: The TAR-21 Tavor bullpup assault rifle
- Modern Firearms
- Decidedly Different: The IWI TAVOR, American Rifleman, National Rifle Association, USA