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The IWI Tavor is an Israeli bullpup assault rifle chambered in 5.56×45mm NATO cartridge with a selective fire system, selecting between semi-automatic mode and full automatic fire mode.

IWI Tavor
IWI-Tavor-TAR-21w1.jpg
Type Bullpup assault rifle, carbine, designated marksman rifle, submachine gun
Place of origin Israel
Service history
In service 2001–present[1]
Used by See Users
Production history
Designer Israel Military Industries
Designed 1995–2003
Manufacturer

Israel Weapon Industries (IWI)
Also produced under IWI license by:

Variants See Variants
Specifications
Weight 3.27 kg (7.21 lb) (TAR-21)[2]
3.18 kg (7.0 lb) (CTAR-21)[2]
3.67 kg (8.1 lb) (STAR-21)[2]
3.19 kg (7.0 lb) (TC-21)
Length 720 mm (28.3 in) (TAR-21, STAR-21)[2]
640 mm (25.2 in) (CTAR-21)[2]
670 mm (26.4 in) (TC-21)
Barrel length 460 mm (18.1 in) (TAR-21, STAR-21)[2]
380 mm (15.0 in) (CTAR-21)[2]
410 mm (16.1 in) (TC-21)

Cartridge
Action Gas-operated, rotating bolt[2]
Muzzle velocity 910 m/s (2,986 ft/s) (TAR-21, STAR-21)
890 m/s (2,919.9 ft/s) (CTAR-21)
885 m/s (2,903.5 ft/s) (TC-21)
Effective firing range 550 m[clarification needed]
Feed system 30-round detachable box STANAG Magazine (5.56×45mm NATO)
Sights Backup iron sights and integrated Picatinny rails are provided for the Meprolight MP 21, ITL MARS with integrated laser and IR pointer, Trijicon ACOG, EOTech holographic sight and other optical sights

The Tavor is designed and produced by Israel Weapon Industries (IWI). It is produced in two main variants: the TAR-21 and the CTAR-21.

Built around a long-stroke piston system (as found in the M1 Garand and AK-47), the Tavor is designed to maximize reliability, durability, simplicity of design, and ease of maintenance, particularly under adverse or battlefield conditions.[4]

In 2009, the Tavor X95 (also known as the Micro Tavor or MTAR) was selected by the IDF to gradually replace the M16 assault rifle and M4 carbine variants as the standard-issued weapon of the Israeli infantry by the end of 2018. The first X95 bullpup rifles were issued to infantry units in 2013.[5]

Contents

History and objectivesEdit

 
Tavor (X95 and CTAR-21 variants) in use with Israel's Golani Brigade.

Israel Military Industries (the small arms branch of IMI was privatized into Israel Weapon Industries) initiated the Tavor development team in 1995, under the direction of gun designer Zalmen Shebs.[6]

The objective of the project was to create an assault rifle that was more reliable, durable, and easier to maintain than the M4A1 Carbine, while also being better suited to close-quarters combat and mechanized infantry roles. As a result, they hoped that the weapon would be officially adopted by the Israel Defense Forces.

Due to the military's close-quarters and mechanized infantry requirements, the project team selected a bullpup design, that would allow the weapon to be compact while keeping a long barrel able to achieve ballistically favorable high muzzle velocities.[6] A long-stroke piston system, similar to that found in the AK-47 and M1 Garand, was selected to ensure the weapon's reliability under adverse conditions.[1]

Trials in IsraelEdit

The Tavor prevailed over the M4A1 Carbine in a series of trials of conducted during 2001 and 2002. Qualities tested included Mean Rounds Between Failures (MRBF), reliability, ergonomics during long marches, and ease-of-maintenance.[4]

In 2009, the IDF selected the Tavor X95 as its future standard issue rifle for all branches of the infantry, with a gradual changeover beginning in 2006 and expected completion among front line troops by end of year 2018.[6][7]

Design details and engineeringEdit

Bullpup configurationEdit

The Tavor uses a bullpup configuration, in which the receiver, bolt carrier group and magazine are placed behind the pistol grip. This shortens the firearm's overall length without sacrificing barrel length. As a result, the Tavor provides carbine overall length, yet can achieve rifle muzzle velocities if equipped with a rifle-length barrel.

Long-stroke piston systemEdit

 
The Tavor's long-stroke piston system.

The Tavor uses a non-lubricated long-stroke piston system, as found in the M1 Garand, IMI Galil, and the AK 47.[1] Like in the AK-47, the long-stroke piston mechanism contributes to the extreme forcefulness of the TAR-21's extraction and chambering.[7]

The Tavor attachment of the piston to a heavy bolt carrier, and the extension of the mainspring into the hollow stem of the bolt carrier, bears a family resemblance to the internal mechanism of the AK-47.[1]

Ambidexterity and modularityEdit

The Tavor has ejection ports on both sides of the rifle so it can easily be reconfigured for right or left-handed shooters. However, this process requires partial disassembly, so it cannot be quickly reconfigured while the rifle is in use.[8] An issue related to this is the original plastic cover on the unused ejection can allow gas to escape during the course of fire. Due to the bullpup design this vents right under the shooters face causing issues, such as inhaling ejection gases and the fouling of glasses and face with ejection debris. The issue is exacerbated when the weapon is suppressed. The characteristic black smudge from this has been nicknamed "Tavor face" by some shooters. This has been addressed by various non-factory solutions which increase sealing of the unused port.

Its ambidextrous fire mode selector above the pistol grip has a semi-automatic mode and a fully automatic mode.[9]

The Tavor features a self-contained, drop-in trigger group, so that the trigger group can be changed or replaced without the use of additional tools.

The Tavor can also be mounted with the M203 grenade launcher (GTAR-21).

Chambering, cartridges and ammunition feedingEdit

 
A Nahal solder conducts firing drill with a CTAR-21.

The Tavor is primarily chambered in 5.56×45mm NATO, although 9×19mm Parabellum and 5.45×39mm Russian models are also available.

The IDF uses both 3.6-gram (55 gr) M193 and 4.0-gram (62 gr) M855 5.56×45mm rounds. M193 rounds are used by regular infantrymen for better terminal effects at shorter distances, while the heavier M855 is used by sharpshooters.[7]

The Tavor accepts standard STANAG magazines.

Last round bolt-open catchEdit

The Tavor features a last round bolt catch, whereby the bolt holds open after the last round discharges.[10] This is a request of modern armies, as it helps to allow soldiers to know when their magazine empties and to reduce reloading times during combat.[11]

BarrelEdit

Tavor barrels are made from CrMoV steel and cold hammer-forged (CHF) on the premises of the IWI factory in Ramat HaSharon. The TAR-21 barrel is 457mm in length and is chrome-lined for durability and corrosion resistance. The barrel features 6 grooves in a 178 mm (1 in 7 inch) twist, or 32 calibers right hand twist rate.

The barrel is fitted with a 'birdcage' style flash suppressor, which can be fully disassembled without the need of additional tools.[7]

Reliability, ease-of-maintenance and waterproofingEdit

The design objectives of the Tavor aimed for reliability and ease-of-maintenance, particularly under adverse or battlefield conditions.[12] According to Russell C. Tilstra, the Tavor is "easily considered more reliable" than the M16 and M4 series rifles.[13]

The Tavor is designed to be easily field-stripped, without the need for any additional tools.[14]

It is waterproofed and its internal mechanism is sealed from outside elements, so that it can pass over-the-beach requirements.[15]

VariantsEdit

 
Caracal Battalion IDF combat soldier armed with the GTAR-21 which is equipped with a M203 grenade launcher.

TAR-21Edit

The Tavor TAR-21 is the standard variant with a 457mm long barrel.

The Israeli firearm manufacturer, Israel Weapon Industries produces the Tavor TAR-21 in different variations:[9]

GTAR-21Edit

The GTAR-21 has a notched barrel, to accept an M203 40 mm under-barrel grenade launcher.

CTAR-21Edit

The CTAR-21 is a compact shorter 380mm barrel variant intended for commandos and special forces, but has become more favored than the standard TAR-21 throughout the IDF.

STAR-21Edit

The STAR-21 is a designated marksman variant with folding under-barrel bipod and Trijicon ACOG 4× magnification sight.

MTAR-21Edit

The MTAR-21 is an extremely short CTAR-21 prototype that was abandoned, overhauled, and replaced in favor of the X95.

Ukrainian licensed TavorsEdit

Ukraine purchased a license for Tavors to be manufactured by Ukrainian firearm manufacturer, RPC Fort.

  • Fort-221 - Ukrainian locally produced version of the CTAR-21 in 5.45×39mm.
  • Fort-222 - Ukrainian locally produced version of the STAR-21 in 5.45×39mm.

TC-21Edit

The semi-automatic Tavor Carbine (TC-21) was first made available for civilian customers to purchase in Canada from 2008.[16] The Canadian civilian version initially shipped with the Mepro reflex sight and a slightly longer barrel to meet the Canadian requirement for non-restricted semi-automatic centerfire rifles to have a barrel length of at least 470 mm. Current version are shipped with a full length Picatinny rail, without optics. IWI started a new US subsidiary, IWI US, which is manufacturing the semi-automatic TC-21 as the Tavor SAR for U.S. sales. The weapon is manufactured with a combination of Israeli and US parts. IWI US had shipped 50,000 Tavor SARs to US civilian customers by early 2016.[17] In Europe, the Czech company Zeleny Sport recently (December 2015) imported semi-automatic Israeli-made TAR-21s, equipped with Mepro M5 or M21 reflex sight, which are now available for both civilian and law enforcement customers. IWI US sells the Tavor SAR in variety of variants, and all have a full-length flattop picatinny rail; they include:

  • TSB16: Semi-automatic version of the CTAR-21, with a 26.125 in. (663.575 mm) overall length.
  • TSB16L: A TSB16 with left-handed controls pre-installed.
  • TSB16-BLK: A TSB16 chambered in .300 AAC Blackout.
  • TSB17-9: 9×19mm submachine gun with a 17 in (431.8 mm) barrel and a 26.125 in (663.575 mm) overall length.
  • TSB18: 5.56×45mm rifle with a 18 in (457.2 mm) and a 27.625 in (701.675 mm) overall length.
  • TSB18RS: 5.56×45mm rifle with a 18 in (457.2 mm) and a 30 in (762 mm) overall length; integrated permanent 2 3/8 in muzzle break and a 10-round magazine to be compliant with laws of certain states. ("RS" stands for Restricted State.)
  • TSIDF16: Semi-automatic version of the CTAR-21 without a full-length rail, an integrated MEPRO 21 sight, and a 26.125 in (663.575 mm) overall length; meant to be a semi-automatic replica of the CTAR-21 issued to the IDF.

Note: IWI US sells their Tavor SARs in a variety of colors, including Black (B), Flat Dark Earth (FD), and OD Green (G); the letter "B" subsequent to "TS" in the rifles' designations can be switched with any of the colors' respective letters.

Aftermarket partsEdit

A significant aftermarket of spare and replacement parts has developed around the Tavor, including the development of match grade accurizing triggers for the bullpup rifle that are produced by manufacturers such as Geissele Automatics and double stage trigger pack TAV-D from Shooting Sight.[18]

Shlomi Sabag, Deputy CEO of IWI, says that one of the indicators of the success of the rifle in the shooting sports or civilian market, is the fact that "an aftermarket of products associated with the Tavor bullpup rifle, like triggers, has evolved very quickly".[18]

AwardsEdit

The National Rifle Association's American Rifleman awarded the Tavor the 2014 Golden Bullseye Award as its rifle of the year. The NRA's prestigious award, now in its twelfth year, aims to award the best products available to civilian shooters.[19][20]

The Truth About Guns website awarded the Tavor with TTAG Reader’s Choice Award for Best Rifle of 2013.[21]

The Tavor X95 was awarded the NRA's rifle of the year award for 2017.[22]

UsersEdit

 
Members of the Azerbaijani Special Forces march with TAR-21 during a military parade in Baku.
 
The National Police of Colombia, with the CTAR-21, while arresting drug lord Luis Hernando Gomez-Bustamante.
 
Colombian forces armed with the CTAR-21.
 
Guatemalan Navy special forces with STAR-21 designated marksman variant.
 
Netanyahu speaks with IDF soldiers equipped with the CTAR-21 on the border with the Sinai.
 
Tavors used by Para commandos of the Indian Army.
 
Polish Special Forces trains with the Tavor during Tiger Claw.
  •   Angola: Angolan Army purchase for Special Forces.[23]
  •   Azerbaijan: Azerbaijan purchased a number of TAR-21 for the special operations forces of the Azerbaijani Army in August 2008.[24]
  •   Brazil: Taurus, the local firearms manufacturer, produces the Tavor under license for the military.[25] Small numbers are issued to soldiers in the Frontier Brigade.[26]
  •   Cameroon: Issued to the Special Forces of Cameroon Army.[27]
  •   Senegal: Issued to the Special Forces of Senegal Army.[28]
  •   Chad: Issued to Chadian Ground Forces since 2006.[29]
  •   Chile:[30] Investigations Police of Chile
  •   Colombia: The Colombian Army operates the TAR-21 for their special forces, in the army, marines and in the Colombian national police.[31]
  •   El Salvador[citation needed]
  •   Cyprus: The Tavor Χ95 assault rifle is to gradually replace the ageing G3 assault rifle.[32]
  •   Ethiopia: Bodyguards of the Ethiopian Prime Minister were seen with the TAR-21.[citation needed]
  •   Georgia: Different variants of the weapon have been acquired and issued to law enforcement, special commando and protection units of the Georgian MIA since 2001. In 2004 the TAR-21 was to replace the Soviet Kalashnikov rifle, however due to lack of funding and low purchase quantity that idea was abandoned. The construction of a manufacturing plant was also considered.[33]
  •   Guatemala: Guatemala's police force or PNC (Policia Nacional Civil) operates the TAR-21.[34]
  •   Honduras: Honduran Army and special forces operate the Tavor X95.[35]
  •   India: In late 2002, India signed an 880 million (equivalent to 2.4 billion or US$37 million in 2016) deal with Israel Military Industries for 3,070 manufactured TAR-21s to be issued to India's special forces personnel,[36] where its ergonomics, reliability in heat and sand might give them an edge at close-quarters and employment from inside vehicles. By 2005, IMI had supplied 350–400 TAR-21s to India's northern Special Frontier Force (SFF). These were subsequently declared to be "operationally unsatisfactory". The required changes have since been made, and tests in Israel during 2006 went well, clearing the contracted consignment for delivery. The TAR-21 has now entered operational service – even as India gears up for a larger competition that could feature a 9 mm X95 version.[37] Known as the Zittara, the rifle is manufactured in India by the Ordnance Factories Board for Indian service,[38] the new Tavor X95s have a modified single-piece stock and new sights, as well as Turkish-made MKEK T-40 40 mm under-barrel grenade launchers.[37] 5,500 have been recently inducted and more rifles are being ordered.[39] A consignment of over 500 Tavor bullpup assault rifles and another 30 Galil sniper rifles worth over 150 million (US$2.3 million) and 20 million (US$310,000) respectively was delivered to the MARCOS (Marine Commandos) in December 2010.:[40] In 2016, IWI announced that it was establishing a 49:51 joint venture with Punj Lloyd in India, in order manufacture rifle components in India.[41]
  •   Ivory Coast: Used by Ivorian Special Forces.[citation needed]
  •   Israel: As part of initial testing by Israel Defense Forces' infantry units, the TAR-21 was distributed to members of the training company of the Tzabar Battalion from the Givati Brigade who were drafted in August 2001. They received their rifles in November 2001 during basic training. Initial testing results were favorable – the TAR-21 was found to be significantly more accurate and reliable (as well as more comfortable) than the M4 carbine during extensive field testing.[42] As a trial, the first Tavors were introduced in limited numbers into the army in 2003.[1]
Issues with fine sand entering the Tavor's chamber, which were identified over the two years of testing, were rectified by numerous small adjustments. A number of other improvements and changes to the design were also made between 2001–2009. Tavor CTAR-21 bullpup assault rifles saw combat service in Operation Cast Lead, used by Givati Brigade and Golani Brigade, and the soldiers reported the Tavor bullpup assault rifles functioned flawlessly.[43]
In November 2009, the IDF announced that the X95 would become the standard infantry weapon of the IDF, with the addition of an integrated grenade-launcher.[44]
In December 2012, the IDF announced that they would begin equipping and training their new reserve forces with the X95, starting in 2013, with the switch-over by the end of 2018.[45]
The first Tavor X95 bullpup rifles were issued to new recruits of a main IDF infantry brigade in 2013, replacing the M16 assault rifles.[5]
In 2014 the IDF announced that in the future (from as early as the end of 2014) some infantry units could start to be issued some numbers of an improved X95, which will have a longer 38 cm (15 in) barrel (instead of the original 33 cm barrel) and a lighter trigger pull.[46]
IWI has been awarded a $100 million contract to establish a factory in Vietnam to produce an unspecified number of Galil ACE assault rifles, as well as others such as the Tavor, for the People's Army of Vietnam.[67]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Future Weapons, by Kevin Dockery, (Penguin 2007)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Modern Firearms – TAR-21 assault rifle. World.guns.ru. Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
  3. ^ IDF Adopts New Special Forces Weapon, David Eshel, Dec 05, 2008, aviationweek.com
  4. ^ a b "American Rifleman - Decidedly Different: The IWI Tavor". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  5. ^ a b The first time the IDF recruits were issued the "Micro-Tavor" Israel National News, 22/02/13 13:01
  6. ^ a b c "TAVOR History". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  7. ^ a b c d IWI X95: A Bullpup For IDF Special Forces - SAdefensejournal.com, 21 March 2012
  8. ^ "Bullpup Forum SHOT Show Interview". Bullpup Forum. Retrieved 2012-05-17. 
  9. ^ a b "Israel Weapon Industries (I.W.I.): TAVOR TAR-21 5.56 mm". Israel-weapon.com. Archived from the original on 2010-09-27. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  10. ^ "Tavor - IWI US". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  11. ^ The Battle Rifle: Development and Use Since World War II , By Russell C. Tilstra, Russell C. Tilstra, (McFarland 2014), page 98
  12. ^ Cite error: The named reference Decidedly_Different:_The_IWI_Tavor2 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  13. ^ The Battle Rifle: Development and Use Since World War II, By Russell C. Tilstra, (McFarland 2014) page 97
  14. ^ Tavor Sar page 14
  15. ^ The Gun Digest Book of Assault Weapons (Gun Digest Books, 26 Sep 2007), By Jack Lewis, Robert K. Campbell, David Steele, page 246
  16. ^ "IWI Tavor civilian semi-automatic carbine". Canadaammo.com. Archived from the original on 2008-10-19. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  17. ^ Another great milestone reached today! 50,000 Tavor SAR's out the door! IWI US, Facebook
  18. ^ a b The success of the 'Tavor' has taken us by surprise" Amir Rapaport 10/3/2014
  19. ^ "The IWI US TAVOR SAR is the 2014 American Rifleman Rifle of the Year". AmmoLand.com. 20 December 2013. 
  20. ^ "IWI US TAVOR® SAR 2014 Golden Bullseye Award Rifle of the Year". IWI US, Inc. 18 March 2015. 
  21. ^ "IWI Accepts the TTAG Reader's Choice Award for Best Rifle of 2013". The Truth About Guns. 16 January 2014. 
  22. ^ IWI US’ X95 Wins 2017 Golden Bullseye Award for Rifle of the Year from Shooting Illustrated Harrisburg, Pa. (December 2016
  23. ^ "37.º ANIVERSÁRIO DAS FORÇAS ESPECIAIS ANGOLANAS - Operacional". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  24. ^ Shahin Abbasov (2009-08-16). "Azerbaijan Mum about Israeli Spy Plane, Satellite Projects". EurasiaNet.org. Retrieved 2010-08-26. 
  25. ^ A Taurus e o Tavor. Defesabrasil.com. Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
  26. ^ Julio Montes. "Elites of the Exército Brasileiro, Page 1". Small Arms Defense Journal. Retrieved 2012-05-13. 
  27. ^ "On The Ground With Cameroon's Army Trying To Stop Boko Haram". YouTube. Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  28. ^ https://www.shephardmedia.com/news/defence-notes/senegal-moves-ahead-military-procurements/
  29. ^ Israeli arms transfers to sub-Saharan Africa Archived 2013-12-15 at the Wayback Machine.
  30. ^ a b Equiparán más unidades con potentes fusiles israelíes 30 de Marzo de 2012, El Heraldo
  31. ^ IMI Tavor. Unffmm.com. Retrieved on 2010-08-31. Archived July 17, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  32. ^ http://cyprus-mail.com/2017/09/14/defence-ministry-plans-armament-spending-spree/
  33. ^ http://www.globes.co.il/en/article-820261
  34. ^ "Agentes todavía no saben utilizar fusiles comprados por el Gobierno". Elperiodico.com.gt. Archived from the original on 2011-07-17. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  35. ^ "Equiparán más unidades con MTAR 21". elheraldo.hn. Archived from the original on 2012-03-31. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  36. ^ "One FIR, Govt blacklists 7 firms, hits artillery upgrade". The Indian Express. 2009-06-05. p. 2. Retrieved 2009-06-09. 
  37. ^ a b Tavor-21 Rifle Headed Into Service With Indian Special Forces. Defenseindustrydaily.com (2007-02-28). Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
  38. ^ Ordnance Factory Board. Ofbindia.gov.in. Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
  39. ^ "To give 'irregulars' punch, forces go shopping for hi-tech weapons". The Times Of India. 2011-01-13. 
  40. ^ Israeli TAR-21 Tavor Assault Rifles for Indian Navy Commandos Archived 2011-01-16 at the Wayback Machine., 2011-01-12, IANS, bharat-rakshak.com
  41. ^ IWI Establishes Activity in India Ami Rojkes Dombe | 7/02/2016
  42. ^ Future Weapons - Tavor assault rifle. Youtube.com.
  43. ^ לאור תפקודו במבצע: אין עוד צורך בשיפור התבור Archived 2009-08-30 at the Wayback Machine., IDF Spokesperson, in Hebrew (In English the title reads: "Due to its performance during the operation: there are no further improvements required in the Tavor")
  44. ^ מיקרו–תבור לכל לוחם חי"ר Archived 2009-11-22 at the Wayback Machine.. Dover.idf.il. Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
  45. ^ Israeli Army reserve soldiers to be equipped with Tavor TAR-21 - Armyrecognition.com, December 15, 2012
  46. ^ ישראל דיפנס, הכתבה הופיעה במלואה במקור במגזין "במחנה" גיליון 47, 12 דצמבר 2013.
  47. ^ Compra la policía capitalina armas israelíes Excelsior, 22/08/2011 05:00 Gerardo Jiménez
  48. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-01-07. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  49. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20170604100607/https://www.bellanaija.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/Navy-July-2014-BellaNaija.com-01.jpg
  50. ^ Ben-David, Alon (September 23, 2009). "In the Line of Fire: Infantry Weapons". Jane's Defence Weekly (ISSN 0265-3818).
  51. ^ Philstar Online PDEA acquires 120 new assault rifles
  52. ^ The Guardian Philippines secret death squads: officer claims police teams behind wave of killings
  53. ^ Substituição da G-3: Governo recorreu para o Supremo, Diário Digital
  54. ^ Militares vão continuar a utilizar as velhas 'G3' Archived 2008-12-05 at the Wayback Machine., Diário de Notícias (in Portuguese)
  55. ^ http://www.gunsandammo.com/reviews/jazz-singer-iwi-tavor-review/
  56. ^ 20151213-Referendum in Bangui's PK5 (2015-12-13). "Referendum in Bangui's PK5". UN Mission in the Central African Republic MINUSCA. Retrieved 2017-02-02. 
  57. ^ "ข่าวการจัดหาอาวุธของกองทัพบก". นายสิบไทยดอทคอม. Retrieved 5 May 2011. 
  58. ^ DefenseNews.com[permanent dead link] Thailand Plans $191.3M Arms Purchase
  59. ^ Cabinet nod for Israeli rifles[permanent dead link]
  60. ^ Tavory dla Ukrainy Archived 2008-10-15 at the Wayback Machine.. Altair. Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
  61. ^ [http://videonews.com.ua/videos/comments/655> Луценко продемонстрировал новое украинское стрелковое оружие], 02.10.2008, videonews.com.ua
  62. ^ "Ukraińskie Tavory w kalibrze 5,45 mm - Altair Agencja Lotnicza". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  63. ^ Pennsylvania State Capitol Police Adopt IWI US TAVOR SAR Rifle - Thefirearmblog.com, 28 August 2013
  64. ^ "IWI US, Inc. Receives Contract from Township of Lakewood, New Jersey Police Department". Officer.com. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  65. ^ Securing the Border: The Hidalgo County Sheriff’s Experience Using the TAVOR®/X95™
  66. ^ Súng trường uy lực của hải quân đánh bộ Việt Nam Thế giớiQuân sự | Cập nhật thứ ba, ngày 07/05/13
  67. ^ Israel's defense industry targets Vietnam 18/07/2012, 12:27, Yuval Azulai

External linksEdit