International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

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The International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (IUBMB) is an international non-governmental organisation concerned with biochemistry and molecular biology. Formed in 1955 as the International Union of Biochemistry, the union has presently 79 member countries (as of 2020).[1] The Union is devoted to promoting research and education in biochemistry and molecular biology throughout the world and gives particular attention to areas where the subject is still in its early development

International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Iubmb logo.jpg
IUBMB
AbbreviationIUBMB
Formation1955; 65 years ago (1955)
TypeINGO, standards organization
Region served
Worldwide
Official language
English
President
Andrew H.J. Wang (Taiwan)
Websiteiubmb.org

HistoryEdit

The first Congress of Biochemistry was held in 1949 in Cambridge, UK, and was inspired by German-born British biochemist Sir Hans Adolf Krebs as a means of bringing together biochemists who had been separated by World War II from collaborating. At the time, biochemistry was blossoming as a discipline and was seeking its own recognition as a Union within the International Council for Science (ICSU). The Congress was a first step to recognize Biochemistry as a separate discipline and entity. At the final session of this congress, the International Committee of Biochemistry was set up with 20 members from 14 countries with the goal obtaining from the ICSU ‘recognition as the international body representative of biochemistry, with a view to the formal constitution of an International Union of Biochemistry as soon as possible’. Discussions continued over the next few years, and by the third Congress of Biochemistry, which took place in Brussels in 1955, the International Union of Biochemistry (IUB) was formed and officially admitted to the ICSU[2]. In 1991, the IUB changed its name to the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (IUBMB).

MembersEdit

The IUBMB unites biochemists and molecular biologists in 79 countries that belong to the IUBMB as an Adhering Body or Associate Adhering Body represented by a biochemical society, a national research council or an academy of sciences[3]. It also represents the regional organizations[4], Federation of Asian Oceanian Biochemists and Molecular Biologists (FAOBMB), Federation of European Biochemical Societies (FEBS), and Pan-American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (PABMB).

MeetingsEdit

IUBMB organizes a triennial Congress of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and sponsors three annual Focussed Meetings. In addition, it supports symposia, educational activities (including the Tang Fellowships), award lectures (including Jubilee Lectures), and travel grants for students around the world.

FellowshipsEdit

The IUBMB is committed to providing training opportunities to biochemists and molecular biologists around the world. The Wood Whelan Research fellowship, established in honor of past-Presidents Harland G. Wood and William Joseph Whelan, provides opportunities for students to travel to a laboratory in a different country to work on a specified project. Mid Career Fellowships provide a similar opportunity to early career investigators.[5] The IUBMB collaborates with American Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology to offer PROLAB fellowships to provide opportunities for Latin American students to study in the US.

Biochemical NomenclatureEdit

The IUBMB publishes standards on biochemical nomenclature, including Enzyme Commission number nomenclature, in some cases jointly with the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC). The enzyme nomenclature scheme[6] was developed in 1955 at the International Congress of Biochemistry and, with the addition of translocases in 2018, contains 7 classes of enzymes[7][8].

PublicationsEdit

The IUBMB is associated with the journals IUBMB Life, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education (formerly Biochemical Education), BioFactors, Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry, Molecular Aspects of Medicine and Trends in Biochemical Sciences. The publishing program supports the IUBMB's mission of fostering growth and advancement of biochemistry and molecular biology as the foundation from which the biomolecular sciences derive their basic ideas and techniques in the service of humanity.[9]

LeadershipEdit

Presidents[10]
Nr. Term President From
19. 2018–2021 Andrew H.-J. Wang   Taiwan
18. 2015–2018 Joan J. Guinovart (es)   Spain
17. 2012–2015 Gregory Petsko   United States
16. 2007–2012 Angelo Azzi (pl)    Switzerland &   United States
15. 2006 George L. Kenyon   United States
14. 2003–2006 Mary Osborn   United Kingdom &   Germany
13. 2000–2003 Brian F.C. Clark   Denmark
12. 1997–2000 William Joseph Whelan   United Kingdom &   United States
11. 1994–97 Kunio Yagi   Japan
10. 1991–94 Hans L. Komberg   United Kingdom
9. 1988–91 E.C. (Bill) Slater   Netherlands
8. 1985–88 Marianne Grunberg-Manago   France
7. 1979–85 Harland G. Wood   United States
6. 1979 Feodor Lynen   Germany
5. 1976–79 Aleksander A. Bayev (ru)   Russia
4. 1973–76 Osamu Hayaishi   Japan
3. 1967–73 A. Hugo T. Theorell   Sweden
2. 1961–67 Severo Ochoa   Spain &   United States
1. 1955–61 Marcel Florkin   Belgium

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ IUBMB: the first half-century. This is the IUBMB History.
  2. ^ https://iubmb.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/bmb.2005.494033032461 IUBMB 50th Anniversary and the history of BAMBED.
  3. ^ https://iubmb.org/adhering-bodies-and-associate-adhering-bodies/
  4. ^ https://iubmb.org/about-iubmb/organizations-special-members/
  5. ^ https://iubmb.org/activities/fellowship-programs/
  6. ^ Webb, E. C. (1992). Enzyme nomenclature 1992: recommendations of the Nomenclature Committee of the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology on the nomenclature and classification of enzymes. Academic Press. ISBN 978-0-12-227164-9.
  7. ^ https://www.enzyme-database.org/news.php
  8. ^ https://www.qmul.ac.uk/sbcs/iubmb/enzyme/
  9. ^ https://iubmb.onlinelibrary.wiley.com
  10. ^ IUBMB Previous Officers. Retrieved 2/23/2020.

External linksEdit