IJzendijke is a city in the municipality of Sluis, about 10 km east of Oostburg, in the Dutch province of Zeeland.
|Coordinates: 51°19′17″N 3°36′59″E / 51.32139°N 3.61639°E|
|• Total||47.08 km2 (18.18 sq mi)|
|Elevation||2.2 m (7.2 ft)|
|• Density||51/km2 (130/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
The town received city rights in 1303.
The town was first mentioned in 1127 as Isendica, and means "dike of Iso (person)". IJzendijke used to be a possession of the Saint Peter's Abbey in Ghent. In 1127, it joined the Flemish Hanseatic League. In 1303, it received city rights. It was flooded in 1374, and lost completely in the St. Elizabeth's flood of 1404.
In 1587, a sconce was constructed by the Spanish troops, and conquered by Maurice, Prince of Orange in 1604. Two polders were constructed, and after 1618, an octagon fortress was built with a central market square. In 1648, IJzendijke became a garrison city.
The Dutch Reformed church is an aisleless church built between 1612 and 1614. Between 1656 and 1659, it was enlarged to a stretched octagon. The war damage was repaired in 1949.
Even though the fortress was deemed unconquerable, Napoleon managed to take the city. IJzendijk was home to 2,068 people in 1840. The fortification were demolished between 1841 and 1843 except for a western part.
The southern part of the IJzendijke was severely damaged in 1944. IJzendijke was a separate municipality until 1970. Prior to 2003, the town was in the municipality of Oostburg. In 2003, it became part of the municipality of Sluis.
- ^ a b c "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2021". Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 21 April 2022.
- ^ "Postcodetool for 4515AA". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 21 April 2022.
- ^ "IJzendijke - (geografische naam)". Etymologiebank (in Dutch). Retrieved 21 April 2022.
- ^ a b c d e f Piet van Cruyningen & Ronald Stenvert (2003). IJzendijke (in Dutch). Zwolle: Waanders. ISBN 90 400 8830 6. Retrieved 21 April 2022.
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- ^ a b "IJzendijke". Plaatsengids (in Dutch). Retrieved 21 April 2022.
- ^ Ad van der Meer and Onno Boonstra, Repertorium van Nederlandse gemeenten, KNAW, 2011.