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Hyder Bux Jatoi (1901-1970) was a revolutionary, leftist, peasant leader in Sindh, Pakistan.[1] He is known by his supporters as "Baba-e-Sindh" (Father of Sindh). He was also a Sindhi writer and poet. He was for many years the president of the Sindh Hari Committee (Sindh Peasants Committee), a constituent member of the National Awami Party.[2] The singer & revolutionary activist of Sindh Jiji Zareena Baloch was always quoted Comrade Hyder Bux Jatoi before singing his "Jeay Sindh aen jeay Sindh, Jam-e-Muhabat pieay Sindh" and "Paan Kkay haan aazad ghurjay watan" poetry.

Hyder Bux Jatoi
Native name حيدر بخش جتوئي
Born (1901-10-07)October 7, 1901
Bakhudero village, Larkano), Sindh, Bombay Presidency, British India, Pakistan
Died May 21, 1970(1970-05-21) (aged 68)
Hyderabad, Pakistan

Early lifeEdit

Hyder Bakhsh Jatoi was born on October 7, 1901 in Bakhodero village near Mohenjo-daro in Larkana District. Deprived in infancy of motherly care and love[citation needed], he was brought up by his father and aunts. Soon after, on completing his primary school, the young lad joined the Sindh Madarsah School at Larkana, where he topped the list of successful examinees every year. He topped the Sindh vernacular final examination in 1918 among candidates from all over Sindh and then won his first position in Sindh at the matriculation examination from the Bombay University in 1923.[3]

He studied at the D. J. Science College, Karachi, and remained a resident boarder in Metharam Hostel attached to the college. He graduated in 1927 with honours in literature and won distinction in Persian from the Bombay University.

Hyder Bux Jatoi resigned from the post as deputy collector in the British colonial government in 1945 to lead the Sindh peasants’ rights movement Hyder Bux Jatoi translation of the Quran in English.[2]