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The town of Hyden is located 292 kilometres (181 mi) east-southeast of Perth, Western Australia in the Shire of Kondinin. Hyden is home to Wave Rock, Mulka's Cave and Hippos Yawn, all popular local tourist attractions.

Hyden
Western Australia
Hyden Rock.JPG
Hyden Rock
Hyden is located in Western Australia
Hyden
Hyden
Coordinates32°27′S 118°52′E / 32.45°S 118.86°E / -32.45; 118.86Coordinates: 32°27′S 118°52′E / 32.45°S 118.86°E / -32.45; 118.86
Population377 (2016 census)[1]
Established1932
Postcode(s)6359
Elevation305 m (1,001 ft)
Location
LGA(s)Shire of Kondinin
State electorate(s)Wagin
Federal Division(s)O'Connor

The traditional owners of the area are the Indigenous Australian group the Njakinjaki peoples who have inhabited the region for thousands of years. The many granite outcrops, land formations, waterways as well as flora and fauna are still culturally significant to them.[2]

Sandalwood cutters were thought to be the earliest European visitors in the area.[3]

The land in the surrounding area was opened up for agriculture in the 1920s. A railway was built between Kondinin and Hyden Rock in 1930. The townsite was gazetted in 1932 following demand for land around the railway terminus.[4]

The first wheat crop was harvested in Hyden in 1927.[5]

The Hyden Progress Association was established prior to 1931 when the town was home to about 100 settlers. In 1931 the town had another large wheat crop which was transported from the railway terminus at Lake Grace. The town was being surveyed and already had an oil depot, tea rooms and an agency with a store being constructed. A large catchment of water had also been built at Hyden Rock.[6]

By 1933 the railway line from Lake Grace to Hyden was also completed.[7]

Also in 1933 the Progress Association built a pavilion at the existing sports ground and plans were made to construct a town hall.[8] The hall was completed prior to 1935.[9]

The town's economy continues to rely on agriculture but mostly in the form of cattle and sheep production that has a current value of approximately $35 million. The town also benefits from mining and tourism.[5]

The surrounding areas produce wheat and other cereal crops. The town is a grain receival site for Cooperative Bulk Handling.[10]

Around 100,000 tourists visit the town throughout the year while travelling to Wave Rock which is found 4 km (2.5 mi) to the east of the townsite. Other visitors arrive during the wildflower season between September and December to see the many wildflower species that bloom at the time and the birds that feed on the blossom.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Hyden (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 12 July 2019.    Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
  2. ^ "Welcome to Country". Wave Rock Hotel. 2018. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Hyden". Central Wheatbelt Visitor Centre. 2017. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  4. ^ Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names – H". Retrieved 21 September 2008.
  5. ^ a b "West Australian Vista - History of Hyden". 2008. Retrieved 21 September 2008.
  6. ^ "Hyden Rock". Sunday Times (Perth) (1719). Western Australia. 4 January 1931. p. 22. Retrieved 30 August 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  7. ^ "Hyden Rock Railway". Western Mail. XLVIII, (2, 478). Western Australia. 10 August 1933. p. 38. Retrieved 30 August 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  8. ^ "Country News". The West Australian. XLIX, (9, 723). Western Australia. 28 August 1933. p. 4. Retrieved 30 August 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  9. ^ "Country News". The West Australian. 51, (15, 369). Western Australia. 26 September 1935. p. 9. Retrieved 30 August 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  10. ^ "CBH receival sites" (PDF). 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 18, 2012. Retrieved 1 April 2013.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Hyden, Western Australia at Wikimedia Commons   Hyden travel guide from Wikivoyage