Hval's Codex

Hval's Codex (Serbo-Croatian: Hvalov zbornik/Хвалов зборник) or Hval's Manuscript (Hvalov rukopis/Хвалов рукопис) is a Bosnian Cyrillic[1][2][3] manuscript of 353 pages written in 1404, in Split, for Duke Hrvoje Vukčić Hrvatinić.[4] It was illuminated by Gothic artists from the Dalmatian littoral.[4]

Hval Manuscript
Hval's Miscellany
Hvalov zbornik
Hvalov zbornik1.jpg
Kristjanin Hval's Codex (or Hval Manuscript) from medieval Kingdom of Bosnia.
LocationUniversity Library in Bologna, Italy
Author(s)Kristjanin Hval
PurposeBosnian Church codex

It was written in 1404 by krstjanin Hval in Bosnian Cyrillic in the Ikavian accent, with a Glagolitic alphabet introduction, and is decorated with miniatures and other artistic elements.[5] The codex contains parts of the Bible, hymns and short theological texts, and it was copied from an original Glagolitic text, also evident from Glagolitic letters found in two places in the book.

The codex is one of the most famous manuscripts belonging to the Bosnian Church in which there are some iconographic elements which are not in concordance with the supposed theological doctrine of Christians (Annunciation, Crucifixion and Ascension). All of the important Bosnian Church books (Nikoljsko evandjelje, Srećkovićevo evandelje, the Manuscript of Hval, the Manuscript of Krstyanin Radosav) are based on Glagolitic Church books.[6]

New analyses of style and painting techniques show that they were inscribed by at least two miniaturists. One painter was painting on the blue background, and the other was painting on the gold background in which the miniatures are situated in a rich architectonic frame.

The Hval Manuscript is kept in the University Library in Bologna, Italy.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Hvalov zbornik - Hrvatska enciklopedija". www.enciklopedija.hr. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  2. ^ Mateo Žagar (2017). "BOSANČICA DIVKOVIĆEVIH IZDANJA IZMEĐU USTAVA, MINUSKULE I BRZOPISA". Zbornik radova sa znanstvenog skupa. Matija Divković i kultura pisane riječi I (html, pdf) (in Serbo-Croatian). Franjevačka teologija Sarajevo. p. 161, icw. footnote 27. ISBN 978-9958-9026-5-9. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  3. ^ "NAŠE KULTURNO BLAGO: Glagoljski misal pisan za velikog Hrvoja Vukčića". Dnevno.ba. 9 March 2018. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  4. ^ a b Đuro Basler (1 December 1987). The Art treasures of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Svjetlost. Two manuscripts are of exceptional value: Hval's Codex and the Hrvoje Missal. Both were written in Split for Hrvoje Vukcic Hrvatinic, Duke of Donji Krajevi and Split. Hval's Codex is a Cyrillic manuscript of 353 parchment pages written in 1404 ... Gothic artists from Primorje
  5. ^ Fine, John V. A. (5 February 2010). When Ethnicity Did Not Matter in the Balkans: A Study of Identity in Pre-Nationalist Croatia, Dalmatia, and Slavonia in the Medieval and Early-Modern Periods. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 978-0472025602.
  6. ^ Donia, Robert J.; Fine, John Van Antwerp (1994). Bosnia and Hercegovina: A Tradition Betrayed. Hurst. ISBN 9781850652120.

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