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1935 Hungarian parliamentary election

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Parliamentary elections were held in Hungary between 31 March and 7 April 1935.[1] The result was a victory for the Party of National Unity, which won 164 of the 245 seats in Parliament. Gyula Gömbös remained Prime Minister.[2]

Hungarian parliamentary election, 1935

← 1931 31 March – 7 April 1935 1939 →

All 245 seats in the Diet
123 seats needed for a majority
Turnout65.7%
  First party Second party Third party
  Gombos Gyula.png Zichy János.jpg
Leader Gyula Gömbös Tibor Eckhardt János Zichy
Party NEP FKGP KGSZP
Last election 149 seats, 40% 10 seats, 11.5% 32 seats, 12.2%
Seats won 164 22 14
Seat change Increase15 Increase12 Decrease18
Popular vote 879,474 387,351 175,165
Percentage 44.6% 19.6% 8.9%
Swing Increase4.6% Increase8.1% Decrease3.3%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Festetics Sándor.gif
Leader Károly Peyer Sándor Festetics
Party MSZDP MNSZP Independents
Last election 14 seats, 11% did not contest 16 seats, 7.2%
Seats won 11 2 10
Seat change Decrease3 Decrease16
Popular vote 132,052 75,318 73,471
Percentage 6.7% 3.8% 3.7%
Swing Decrease4.3% Decrease3.5%

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
 
Leader Károly Rassay Miklós Griger
Party Liberal and Democratic Opposition Unofficial Party of National Unity candidates NLNP
Last election did not contest did not contest did not contest
Seats won 7 6 1
Seat change
Popular vote 72,407 56,249 40,025
Percentage 3.7% 2.8% 2.8%
Swing

Prime Minister before election

Gyula Gömbös
NEP

Elected Prime Minister

Gyula Gömbös
NEP

Electoral systemEdit

The electoral system remained the same as in 1931. There were 199 openly elected single-member constituencies and 11 secretly elected multi-member constituencies electing a total of 46 seats.[3][4]

ResultsEdit

Party SMCs MMCs Total
Votes[a] % Seats Votes[b] % Seats Votes % Seats +/–
Party of National Unity 718,911 49.3 150 160,563 31.2 14 879,474 44.6 164 +15
Independent Smallholders Party 379,696 26.0 21 7,655 1.5 1 387,351 19.6 22 +12
Christian Economic and Social Party 91,827 8.3 7 83,338 16.2 7 175,165 8.9 14 –18
Hungarian Social Democratic Party 132,052 25.6 11 132,052 6.7 11 –3
Hungarian National Socialist Party 57,544 3.9 1 17,774 3.5 1 75,318 3.8 2 New
Liberal and Democratic Opposition (ESZDPNDP) 72,407 14.1 7 72,407 3.7 7 +1
Unofficial Party of National Unity candidates 53,018 3.6 6 3,231 0.6 0 56,249 2.8 6 –2
National Legitimist Party 36,502 2.5 1 3,523 0.7 0 40,025 2.8 1 New
National Radical Party[c] 9,309 0.6 0 7,722 1.5 0 17,031 0.9 0 –1
Reform Generation 9,265 0.6 1 5,213 1.0 1 14,478 0.7 2 New
Hungarian Agricultural Labourers and Workers Party 11,004 0.8 1 11,004 0.6 1 +1
Christian Opposition 4,928 0.3 0 4,223 0.8 1 9,151 0.5 1 –1
Christian National Front 8,526 1.7 1 8,526 0.4 1 New
Party of National Will 7,431 0.5 1 7,431 0.4 1 New
National Independence Kossuth Party[c] 5,648 0.4 0 1 5,648 0.3 1 +1
National Agrarian Opposition 5,320 1.0 1 5,320 0.3 1 0
Free Civic Party 2,527 0.5 0 2,527 0.1 0 New
Unified National Party of Workers and Lower Middle Class 915 0.2 0 915 0.1 0 New
Hungarian Truth Party 546 0.0 0 546 0.0 0 New
Independents 73,471 5.0 10 73,471 3.7 10 –6
Invalid/blank votes 0
Total 1,459,100 100 199 100 46 100 245 0
Registered voters/turnout 1,820,266 80.2 654,948 2,475,214[d]
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

a The number of votes refers to only 146 of the 199 single-member constituencies, as 53 seats were uncontested.[3]

b The number of votes refers to ten of the eleven MMCs.[3]

c The National Radical Party and the National Independence Kossuth Party ran a joint list in one multi-member constituency. It won a single seat, taken by the National Independence Kossuth Party.[3][5]

d The total number of registered voters was 3,005,742; the figure in the table refers to the number of registered voters in the contested seats for which figures are available.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p899 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p940
  3. ^ a b c d e Nohlen & Stöver, p920
  4. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p933
  5. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p930