Hugh McCormick Smith

Hugh McCormick Smith, also H. M. Smith (November 21, 1865 – September 28, 1941) was an American ichthyologist and administrator in the United States Bureau of Fisheries.[1]

Hugh McCormick Smith
HM Smith.jpg
Hugh McCormick Smith
Born(1865-11-21)November 21, 1865
DiedSeptember 28, 1941(1941-09-28) (aged 75)
Washington, D.C.
Alma materGeorgetown University
Scientific career


Smith was born in Washington, D.C. In 1888, he received a Doctor of Medicine from Georgetown University; then, in 1908, a Doctor of Law from the Dickinson School of Law at Dickinson College. He began working for the United States Fish Commission (formally, the United States Commission on Fish and Fisheries) in 1886 as an assistant. He directed the scientific research center there from 1897 to 1903. From 1901 to 1902, he directed the Marine Biological Laboratory at Woods Hole, Massachusetts. At the same time, he was on the faculty at Georgetown, teaching medicine from 1888 to 1902 and histology from 1895 to 1902.

From 1907 to 1910, Smith led the scientific party aboard the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries (successor organization of the U.S. Fish Commission) research ship Albatross during her two-and-a-half-year expedition to the Philippine Islands. He was an associate editor of the National Geographic Society from 1909 to 1919. He was the author of many articles and publications, both popular and scientific, about fish. With Charles Haskins Townsend he wrote '"The Pacific Salmons'" section of Trout and Salmon (New York: Macmillan, 1902), a volume of Caspar Whitney's prestigious American Sportsman's Library.[2] Smith was deputy commissioner of the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries from its formation in 1903 until 1913 and then its commissioner from 1913 to 1922. After he was pressured to resign that position, he moved to Thailand during the reign of King Rama VI and was the first director general of Thailand′s Department of Fisheries, during the reign of the King Rama VII (1926).[3]

Smith moved back to the United States in 1933 and was curator of zoology at the Smithsonian Institution[4] until his death in Washington, D.C. in 1941.

US FWS Hugh M. Smith anchored in Kihei Bay off Maui, Hawaii, ca. 1950.


Taxon named in his honorEdit

Taxon described by himEdit


  1. ^ "SMITH, Hugh McCormick". The International Who's Who in the World. 1912. pp. 965–966.
  2. ^ Sage, Dean; Townsend, Charles Haskins; Smith, Hugh Mccormick; Harris, William Charles (1902). "The Pacific Salmons by C. H. Townsend and H. M. Smith". In: Salmon and Trout.
  3. ^ "ประวัติกรมประมง" (in Thai). Department of Fisheries. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  4. ^ "Annual report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution 1932". 1846.
  5. ^ Commercial Fisheries Review, March 1949, p. 35.
  6. ^ Christopher Scharpf & Kenneth J. Lazara (22 September 2018). "Order CYPRINIFORMES: Family NEMACHEILIDAE (a-p)". The ETYFish Project Fish Name Etymology Database. Christopher Scharpf and Kenneth J. Lazara. Retrieved 7 January 2022.

External linksEdit

Government offices
Preceded by United States Commissioner of Fisheries
Succeeded by