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Hugh Duncan Baillie (31 May 1777 – 21 June 1866) was a British army officer, MP and Lord Lieutenant of Ross-shire.

He was the second son of Evan Baillie of Dochfour, a prosperous Bristol merchant, and the brother of Peter Baillie and James Evan Baillie. He succeeded his father in 1835.

He joined the Army as an ensign in the 37th Foot in 1793. He was promoted to lieutenant in the 93rd Foot the same year, to captain in the 97th Foot and then major in the 86th Foot in 1794 and to lieutenant-colonel in 1800. He took part in the occupation of the Cape of Good Hope between 1796 and 1803 during the Napoleonic Wars. He went on to half pay with the Surrey Rangers from 1802 to 1825 and was finally made a colonel of the army in 1810. He retired from the army in 1825.

In 1812 he and his brother James became partners in the Bristol Old Bank. Hugh had become senior partner by his death.

He entered Parliament as the MP for Rye in 1830 and was then returned for Honiton in 1835, sitting until 1847. He served as Lord lieutenant of Ross-shire from 1843 until his death. During the Parliament of 1835 he received a share of a compensation award totalling over £60,000 for the freed slaves on some 17 estates in British Guiana, Grenada, St Kitts, St Vincent and Trinidad which he either owned or in which he had an interest (see the database "Legacies of British Slave-ownership" run by University College London).[1] He bought the Ross-shire estate of Redcastle from the Trustees of Sir William Fettes after the latter's death in 1836.

He died in 1866. He had married twice:firstly, at the Cape of Good Hope, Elizabeth, the daughter of Rev. Henry Reynett of Goodmans Fields, London, with whom he had a son and 3 daughters and secondly Mary, the daughter of Thomas Smith of Castleton Hall, Lancashire, with whom he had 3 sons and a daughter. His personal estate after his death was valued at under £50,000.


  • "BAILLIE, Hugh Duncan (1777-1866), of 34 Mortimer Street, Cavendish Square, Mdx.; Park Row, Bristol, Glos., and Tarradale, Ross". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 7 September 2013.

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