Honiton (UK Parliament constituency)
Honiton was a parliamentary constituency centred on the town of Honiton in east Devon, formerly represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It sent members intermittently from 1300, consistently from 1640. It elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) until it was abolished in 1868. It was recreated in 1885 as a single-member constituency.
|Former County constituency|
for the House of Commons
Honiton in Devon, showing boundaries used from 1983 to 1997.
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||East Devon, Tiverton and Honiton|
|Created from||East Devon|
|Number of members||Two|
|Replaced by||East Devon|
For the 1997 general election, the town of Honiton was added to the neighbouring constituency of Tiverton to form the Tiverton & Honiton constituency. The remainder continued as the East Devon constituency.
Honiton was regarded as a potwalloper borough by the time of Thomas Cochrane. It was notorious for the bribes demanded by its electors, and was therefore a very expensive seat for a candidate to seek election in. The Yonge family of Colyton, patrons of the borough, were almost ruined by representing Honiton on several occasions. Sir William Pole, 4th Baronet (1678–1741) who had twice represented Honiton at great personal financial expense, made an "earnest request and recommendation" in his will that his son would "never stand as a candidate or if chosen will never be prevailed upon to represent or serve in Parliament for the borough of Honiton".
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1885-1918: The Sessional Divisions of Axminster, Honiton, Ottery, and Woodbury.
1918-1974: The Borough of Honiton, the Urban Districts of Axminster, Budleigh Salterton, Exmouth, Ottery St Mary, Seaton, and Sidmouth, the Rural Districts of Axminster and Honiton, and part of the Rural District of St Thomas.
1974-1983: The Borough of Honiton, the Urban Districts of Budleigh Salterton, Exmouth, Ottery St Mary, Seaton, and Sidmouth, the Rural Districts of Axminster and Honiton, and part of the Rural District of St Thomas.
1983-1997: The District of East Devon wards of Axminster Hamlets, Axminster Town, Beer, Budleigh Salterton, Colyton, Edenvale, Exmouth Brixington, Exmouth Halsdon, Exmouth Littleham Rural, Exmouth Littleham Urban, Exmouth Withycombe Raleigh, Exmouth Withycombe Urban, Honiton St Michael's, Honiton St Paul's, Lympstone, Newbridges, Newton Poppleford and Harpford, Otterhead, Patteson, Raleigh, Seaton, Sidmouth Rural, Sidmouth Town, Sidmouth Woolbrook, Trinity, Upper Axe, Woodbury, and Yarty.
Members of ParliamentEdit
Honiton re-enfranchised by Parliament in Nov 1640
- 1640-1643: William Poole (Royalist) - disabled to sit, June 1643
- 1640-1648: Walter Yonge (Parliamentarian) - not recorded as sitting after Pride's Purge, December 1648; died December 1649
- 1645(?)-1648: Charles Vaughan - excluded in Pride's Purge, December 1648
Honiton was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament.
- 1654: John Yonge
- 1656: Samuel Serle
Long Parliament (restored)
- 1659-1660: Not represented
|Jan 1910||Clive Morrison-Bell||Conservative|
|1955||Robert Mathew||Conservative||Died 1966|
|1967 by-election||Peter Emery||Conservative|
|1997||constituency abolished: see Tiverton and Honiton & Devon East|
Elections in the 1850sEdit
|Conservative||Hugh Duncan Baillie||Unopposed|
|Conservative||Forster Alleyne McGeachy||Unopposed|
|Conservative gain from Whig|
|Whig gain from Conservative|
Elections in the 1850sEdit
|Turnout||221 (est)||76.8 (est)||N/A|
|Turnout||225 (est)||85.2 (est)||+8.4|
Elections in the 1860sEdit
Locke's death caused a by-election.
|Liberal||Evan Matthew Richards||88||22.1||N/A|
|Turnout||200 (est)||74.7 (est)||N/A|
Goldsmid's death caused a by-election.
In 1868, the seat was absorbed into East Devon. It was later recreated for 1885.
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Liberal||John Budd Phear||2,957||39.4||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
|Liberal||William Hickman Smith Aubrey||2,565||35.8||N/A|
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Liberal||William Beckwith Luke||3,711||43.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Liberal||William Beckwith Luke||3,733||40.0||−3.3|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
- Unionist: Clive Morrison-Bell
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Liberal||John George Hawkins Halse||10,404||44.5||N/A|
|Liberal||John George Hawkins Halse||12,177||49.4||+4.9|
|Liberal||John George Hawkins Halse||12,025||44.8||−4.6|
|Liberal||John George Hawkins Halse||16,353||46.5||+1.7|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Liberal||John George Hawkins Halse||14,563||40.0||-6.5|
|Labour||J R Morris||8,916||28.1||n/a|
Elections in the 1940sEdit
General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
|Labour||Henry Thomas Langdon||12,739||34.2||+6.1|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Liberal||John B Halse||9,858||21.32|
|Labour||Norman L Stevens||9,369||20.26|
|Liberal||John B Halse||11,067||24.71|
|Labour||Frederick W Thornton||7,907||17.66|
|Liberal||John B Halse||12,906||28.18|
|Labour||Frederick W Morgan||6,928||15.13|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Labour||Malyn DD Newitt||11,072||20.03|
|Labour||Malyn DD Newitt||8,791||14.77|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Social Democratic||A Sampson||17,833||33.14|
|Social Democratic||Gerald Tatton-Brown||18,369||31.1|
|Monster Raving Loony||Stuart Hughes||747||1.3|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||JM Sharratt||17,022||26.6||−4.5|
|Ind. Conservative||DA Owen||2,175||3.4||+3.4|
|Raving Loony Green Giant||Stuart Basil Fawlty Hughes||1,442||2.3||+2.3|
Notes and referencesEdit
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 3)
- Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 70–72. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
- P W Cust lived 1791-1873, according to Rayment
- 1826 general election The Times, Saturday 27 May 1826; p.4; Issue 12978; col E: "Mr. Guest, a great iron founder of Wales comes in for Honiton, without opposition, instead of Mr Cust, who retires". General Election: The Times, Saturday 1 July 1826; p.2; Issue 13008; col A: From the London Gazette, Friday, June 30 - List of members returned to the new parliament . . . Josiah John Guest . . .
- H B Lott lived 1781-1833, according to Rayment. Bridgewater Advertiser reported Harry Lott - magistrate died 1 July 1833, age 51 at Tracey House near Honiton. . . Hansard says Mr Henry Lott served the Honiton Constituency 16 June 1826 - 30 July 1830 and 5 May 1831 - 13 December 1832.
- The Times, Saturday 7 May 1831; pg. 2; Issue 14533; col F: General Election. Members Returned To The New Parliament: HONITON: Sir G Warrender and H B Lott Esq. The Times, Saturday, 28 May 1831; p.3; Issue 14550; col E: "From the London Gazette, Friday, May 27". - "Members Returned To The New Parliament: HONITON: Sir G Warrender and Harry Baines Lott of Tracey-house in the parish of Awliscombe in the county of Devon, Esq."
- "Inverness Courier". 26 July 1837. p. 2. Retrieved 9 November 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "General Elections". Bucks Herald. 8 July 1837. p. 4. Retrieved 9 November 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The General Election". Morning Post. 24 July 1847. p. 3. Retrieved 14 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The Railway Parliament". West Kent Guardian. 21 August 1847. p. 1. Retrieved 14 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Political". Norfolk News. 31 July 1847. p. 2. Retrieved 14 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "Election Intelligence". Exeter and Plymouth Gazette. 10 July 1852. pp. 6–7. Retrieved 14 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Election Intelligence". Exeter and Plymouth Gazette. 14 July 1865. pp. 9–11. Retrieved 25 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
- Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.