Howard Wilkinson (born 13 November 1943) is an English former footballer and manager. Despite having a low-profile playing career, Wilkinson embarked on a successful managerial career. He won the First Division championship in 1992 with Leeds United, the final season before the creation of the Premier League. To date, he remains the last English manager to win the top-flight league in England. He later had two spells as caretaker manager of the English national team.
|Full name||Howard Wilkinson|
|Date of birth||13 November 1943|
|Place of birth||Sheffield, England|
|1966–1971||Brighton & Hove Albion||129||(18)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
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Born in the Netherthorpe district of Sheffield, Yorkshire, Wilkinson began his playing career with local team Sheffield United, before joining cross-city rivals Sheffield Wednesday, signing for them on 25 June 1962.
After making just 22 league appearances, he joined Brighton & Hove Albion on 9 July 1966 where he played over a hundred league matches as a winger. He left the club in 1971.
His final club was Boston United. Whilst there, he won several Northern Premier League titles. It was at the Pilgrims where he began his managerial career, being appointed player manager in 1975. He won two more Northern Premier League titles as the manager. He has a degree in Education from what is now Sheffield Hallam University, where he graduated from in 1975.
Wilkinson began his full-time coaching career at Notts County where he was taken on and tutored by County's manager Jimmy Sirrel. After Sirrell became the club's General Manager, Wilkinson assumed control of the team for the 1982–83 season and County managed a reasonable return of 52 points, achieving a finish of 15th in the First Division.
In June 1983, Wilkinson dropped down a division to become manager of Sheffield Wednesday, where he established his reputation as a manager despite never having been a big-name player. Wednesday won promotion from the Second Division in his first season and Wilkinson maintained their place in England's top flight for the next four years – with a highest finish of fifth in the 1985–86 season.
Wilkinson's greatest success as a manager came after moving to Wednesday's Yorkshire rivals Leeds United in October 1988. He soon drilled discipline into a lacklustre squad and earned the affectionate nickname "Sergeant Wilko", a play on the old TV character Sergeant Bilko. The team won the Second Division in 1989–90 after the signings of Gordon Strachan who became captain, hardman Vinnie Jones (who Wilkinson guided to a whole season with only three yellow cards), Mel Sterland, Chris Fairclough and Lee Chapman. Following the promotion, Wilkinson immediately offloaded Jones and brought in Gary McAllister from Leicester City and John Lukic was brought back from Arsenal. He also helped players who had come up through the youth team, Gary Speed and David Batty, to mature to the new level of football.
In Leeds' first season in the First Division they performed very well for a newly promoted team and ended the season fourth in the league. Wilkinson felt further improvement was required on the squad and brought in Rod Wallace, Tony Dorigo and Steve Hodge finalising his best squad with Eric Cantona in February 1992. Leeds won the last championship of the old style Football League First Division in 1992. As of 2019, Wilkinson is the last English manager to have coached a team to the English league championship title; the ten subsequent winning managers have been Scottish (Alex Ferguson and Kenny Dalglish), French (Arsène Wenger), Portuguese (José Mourinho), Italian (Carlo Ancelotti, Roberto Mancini, Claudio Ranieri and Antonio Conte), Chilean (Manuel Pellegrini) and Spanish (Pep Guardiola). He also guided Leeds to the Charity Shield in 1992, beating then-FA Cup holders Liverpool 4–3 at Wembley.
However, his subsequent time at Leeds was less successful. Leeds finished 17th in the 1992–93 season, which is among the worst performances by a team who were reigning English champions. Leeds improved with consecutive fifth-place finishes in 1993–94 and 1994–95, the latter earning the club a UEFA Cup spot. Leeds also reached the final of the League Cup in 1996, which they lost 3–0 to Aston Villa. Following a poor start to the 1996–97 season, including a 4–0 home defeat to bitter rivals Manchester United, on 9 September 1996, Wilkinson was sacked.
Howard Wilkinson made the decision to sell Cantona to Alex Ferguson's Manchester United on 27 November 1992 for £1.2m. The Frenchman went on to become a linchpin in the side that won four Premier League titles in five seasons.
In December 1999, Wilkinson revealed that Arsenal had made an approach for him during the summer of 1995, when they were searching for a successor to George Graham, who had been sacked for accepting an illegal payment three years earlier. However, the Leeds board rejected Arsenal's approach for him and Bruce Rioch was appointed instead.
Shortly after his exit from Elland Road, Manchester City chairman Francis Lee expressed interest in appointing Wilkinson as manager of the Maine Road club a few months after their relegation from the Premier League. However, when Wilkinson turned down the approach, Lee then turned to Frank Clark, who had resigned as Nottingham Forest manager.
The Football AssociationEdit
Four months after leaving Leeds, in January 1997, Wilkinson was hired by the sport's governing body in England, the Football Association, to act as its Technical Director, overseeing coaching and other training programmes at all levels of the game. Under him the FA began the National Football Centre project.
In his position as Technical Director of the FA, he managed the England team on a caretaker basis in 1999 for a friendly against France following the sacking of Glenn Hoddle. Following this he acted for a time as the permanent coach of the England under-21 team, controversially selecting himself to replace Hoddle's choice of manager, Peter Taylor. Wilkinson was unsuccessful in this role; despite inheriting a team who were unbeaten and yet to concede a goal, he lost three of his six matches in charge. Wilkinson resigned from the post in June 2001, to be replaced by David Platt (Taylor would end up back in charge three years later). He returned to the role of caretaker of the senior team in October 2000 following the resignation of Hoddle's permanent successor Kevin Keegan, overseeing a 0–0 draw in a World Cup qualifying match against Finland.
In 1999, he was once asked some very pointed questions by a BBC Radio 5 Live reporter about a far from perfect performance. Wilkinson is said to have snapped and asked him what qualified him, as a mere reporter, to question professionals in this way. "Forty-three England caps, fifteen as captain" came the reply. The reporter concerned was Jimmy Armfield.
In October 2002, he left his role as FA Technical Director in order to return to club management at relegation threatened Premier League side Sunderland, with Steve Cotterill as his assistant. However, his time there was a disappointment, being unable to improve the form of a struggling side, and he departed on 10 March 2003. Sunderland eventually ended the season at the bottom of the Premier League with a then league-history-worst total of 19 points. He won two league games out of a possible twenty with his worst moment being a 3-1 home defeat to Charlton Athletic on 1 February 2003 during which Sunderland scored three own goals within seven minutes.
Wilkinson briefly returned to management in March 2004, taking charge of Chinese club Shanghai Shenhua on a short term contract, but left two months later due to personal reasons. In October 2004, he was temporarily appointed as first team coach of Leicester City, following the departures of manager Micky Adams and coach Alan Cork. Wilkinson returned to Notts County in December 2004 where he became a non-executive director. He held a coaching role as technical director from June 2006 until September 2007 when he left the club altogether.
On 9 January 2009, Wilkinson was confirmed as the new Technical Adviser of Sheffield Wednesday Upon the resignation of Lee Strafford on 17 May 2010, Wilkinson became the interim chairman of the club. He confronted fans after they protested against the club following a 1–0 defeat to Southampton. Notably, Wilkinson's primary function in his role was to negotiate the essential investment that Wednesday required to avoid the threat of administration, when a winding up petition was to be presented by HMRC on 17 November 2010. This was achieved when Milan Mandarić was revealed as the new owner of the club. Mandarić, then the owner of Leicester City, sold the club to Vichai and Aiyawatt Srivaddhanaprabha, as Football League rules prevented him from being the chairman of two different clubs. Wilkinson stayed on at Wednesday in a non-executive directorial role, until he resigned in early 2011.
As a playerEdit
As a managerEdit
- Northern Premier League Challenge Cup: 1975–76
- Northern Premier League Challenge Shield: 1975–76
- Lincolnshire Senior Cup: 1976–77
- Football League Second Division: 1989–90
- Football League First Division: 1991–92
- FA Charity Shield: 1992
- Football League Cup runner-up: 1995–96
|Boston United||February 1975||November 1976||101||50||30||21||49.50|
|Notts County||July 1982||June 1983||44||17||7||20||38.64|
|Sheffield Wednesday||June 1983||October 1988||255||114||68||73||44.71|
|Leeds United||October 1988||September 1996||400||173||115||112||43.25|
|Sunderland||October 2002||March 2003||27||4||8||15||14.81|
- Hugman, Barry J., ed. (2005). The PFA Premier & Football League Players' Records 1946–2005. Queen Anne Press. p. 658. ISBN 978-1-85291-665-7.
- "LMA Structure". League Managers Association. Archived from the original on 27 March 2008. Retrieved 2 November 2007.
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- "Wilkinson quits as Under-21 coach". BBC Sport. 29 June 2001. Retrieved 2 September 2007.
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- "Fans' shock at Wilkinson departure". BBC News. 10 March 2003. Retrieved 2 September 2007.
- "Wilkinson leaves Shanghai". BBC Sport. 20 May 2004. Retrieved 22 September 2007.
- "Wilkinson accepts Leicester role". BBC Sport. 12 October 2004. Retrieved 2 September 2007.
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- "Wilkinson handed new Magpies role". BBC Sport. 13 June 2007. Retrieved 22 September 2007.
- "Wilkinson and Moore leave County". BBC Sport. 10 September 2007. Retrieved 22 September 2007.
- "Wilkinson makes Hillsborough return". swfc.co.uk. 9 January 2009. Archived from the original on 3 February 2010. Retrieved 9 January 2009.
- "Sheffield Wednesday chairman Strafford resigns". Yorkshire Post. 17 May 2010. Retrieved 17 May 2010.
- "Long-term is 'crucial' for Owls". BBC News. 8 September 2010.
- "Club statement" swfc.co.uk, Archived 12 October 2010
- "Manager profile: Howard Wilkinson". Premier League. Retrieved 14 September 2018.