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A hound is a type of dog used by hunters to track or chase prey.



Hounds can be contrasted with gundogs, which assist hunters by identifying the location of prey and/or recovering shot quarry. The hound breeds were the first hunting dogs. They have either a powerful sense of smell or great speed.[1]

There are three types of hound, with several breeds within each type:

  • Sighthounds (also called gazehounds), which follow prey predominantly by speed, keeping it in sight. These dogs are fast and assist hunters in catching gamefox, hare, deer and elk.
  • Scenthounds, which follow prey or others (like missing people) by tracking its scent. These dogs have endurance but are not fast runners.
  • The remaining breeds of hound follow their prey using both sight and scent; they are difficult to classify as they are neither sighthound nor scent hound.

List of hound breedsEdit

Hound groupEdit

This may not include all hound-type dogs. The international kennel club association, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale, does not have a Hound group and includes most hound-type dogs in Group 6, Scenthounds and related Breeds, and Group 10, Sighthounds.

Afghan Hound American English Coonhound American Foxhound (recognised only by the AKC, CKC and UKC)
Andalusian Hound Andalusian Hound Maneto Australian Dingo (recognised only by the ANKC)
Azawakh (recognised by the KC & ANKC) Basenji Basset Bleu de Gascogne (recognised only by the KC)
Basset Fauve de Bretagne (recognised only by the ANKC, KC and NZKC) Basset Hound Bavarian Mountain Hound (recognised only by the KC)
Beagle Black and Tan Coonhound (recognised only by the AKC, ACHA, CKC, PKC and UKC) Bloodhound
Bluetick Coonhound (recognised only by the AKC, ACHA, ANKC, NZKC, PKC, and UKC) Borzoi Cirneco dell'Etna (recognised only by the AKC and KC)
Dachshund Drever (recognised only by the CKC) English foxhound
Finnish Spitz (AKC Non-sporting Group) Galgo Español Grand Bleu de Gascogne (recognised only by the KC)
Greyhound Hamiltonstövare (not recognised by the AKC and CKC) Harrier (not recognised by the KC)
Ibizan Hound Irish Wolfhound Norrbottenspets (recognised only by the CKC)
Norwegian Elkhound Norwegian Lundehund (recognised only by the AKC, KC and CKC) Otterhound
Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen Pharaoh Hound Plott Hound (recognised only by the AKC, ACHA, PKC, and UKC)
Podenco Canario Portuguese Podengo (small) (recognised only by the AKC, ANKC & KC)   Redbone Coonhound (recognized by the AKC, ACHA, PKC, and UKC)
Rhodesian Ridgeback Sabueso Cántabro Sabueso Español
Saluki   Segugio Italiano (recognised only by the KC)   Silken Windhound
Sloughi (recognised by the AKC, KC, NZKC and ANKC; not recognised by the CKC) Treeing Walker Coonhound (recognised only by the AKC, ACHA, PKC, and UKC) Whippet
Xarnego Valenciano


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Hound Dog Breeds". Animal Planet. Discovery Communications, LLC. Retrieved 17 December 2013.