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A beagle is a breed of small hound.

A hound is a type of hunting dog used by hunters to track or chase prey.[1][2]



Hounds can be contrasted with gundogs, that assist hunters by identifying the location of prey and/or recovering shot quarry. The hound breeds were the first hunting dogs. They have either a powerful sense of smell or great speed.[3]

There are three types of hound, with several breeds within each type:

  • Sighthounds (also called gazehounds), that follow prey predominantly by speed, keeping it in sight. These dogs are fast and assist hunters in catching gamefox, hare, deer and elk.[4]
  • Scenthounds, that follow prey or others (like missing people) by tracking its scent. These dogs have endurance, but are not fast runners.[5]
  • The remaining breeds of hound follow their prey using both sight and scent; they are difficult to classify, as they are neither sighthound nor scenthound.

List of hound breedsEdit


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "HOUND | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary". Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  2. ^ "The Hound Group - Breed Information Centre". Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  3. ^ "Hound Dog Breeds". Animal Planet. Discovery Communications, LLC. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  4. ^ alkir/Bigstock (2019-02-24). "What is a Sighthound?". PetGuide. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  5. ^ "Keeping Your Scent Hound Happy". Purina. Retrieved 2019-03-06.