Horwood Bagshaw

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Horwood Bagshaw Ltd. is an Australian agricultural machinery manufacturer and dealership chain whose origins date from the late 1800s.

Horwood and SonsEdit

Joel Horwood (c. 1800 – 18 May 1864) was a mechanical engineer from Oldham, England, who arrived in Adelaide, South Australia on the Baboo in 1848 and the following year founded the Colonial Iron Works in Hindley Street, Adelaide. At least three of his four sons were educated at John Lorenzo Young's Adelaide Educational Institution; all followed in the same line of business, initially with him, then in different parts of Australia. As Horwood and Son, then Horwood & Sons, he was able to supply the burgeoning mining industry with urgently required parts, some of substantial size.[1] With his death and changes in ownership, it became successively Horwood, Ellis & Stevens, Horwood & Ellis in 1866[2] then Ellis & Chittleborough in 1868. That firm failed and the business was taken over by James A Whitfield in 1869.[3] Informative accounts of Adelaide's iron foundries and heavy engineering workshops of the period may be found here.

Joel Horwood (1832 – 4 May 1900)

In 1856 his eldest son, also named Joel Horwood, opened a branch of Horwood & Sons in Vine Street, Bendigo (then called Sandhurst).[4] He was a successful breeder of Shorthorn cattle and Cleveland and Clydesdale horses at his property "Bridgewater Park" on the River Loddon.[5] He had significant interests in the United Garden Gully Gold Mining Company.

He married Emma Mary Kentish (c. 1835 – 8 June 1874) on 30 March 1854; their daughter Bertha Ellen Horwood (20 December 1854 – ) married James Garden Ramsay (1827–1890). Other children were Henry Joel Horwood, Bertha Ellen Ramsay, Charles Kentish Horwood, Albert Frederick Horwood, Emma Adelaide Horwood, Frank Butler Horwood, Norman Coverdale Horwood, Stanley Coverdale Horwood, Ivy Estelle Horwood and Edward James Horwood.[6]

He died on 4 May 1900 aged 70 at his home "Glendure House" on Myrtle Street, Bendigo, survived by his second wife Rachelle, née Sibree (born 1868 – her mother was a Coverdale). The foundry was taken over by the foreman Frank M. Brown in 1902[7] Joel (jnr)'s son Edward James Horwood was notable in Broken Hill as manager of BHP's mine works.[8] He married Carrie, youngest daughter of Gilbert Wood on 9 April 1890.

Thomas Horwood (c. 1840 – 12 August 1898)

Joel Horwood's second son, Thomas Horwood, ran a Horwood and Son foundry at Wallaroo, ownership of which was taken over in 1869 by T. R. Heath.[9] He continued to manage the business, then moved to Bendigo.

John William Horwood (c. 1845 – 23 September 1915)

His fourth son, John William Horwood, returned to England in 1865 to study engineering and subsequently purchased the Albion Foundry in Castlemaine, Victoria.[10] A daughter, Olive Adele Horwood, in 1901 married Harry Lawson, later a Premier of Victoria.

J. H. Horwood and Co.Edit

His third son, Joseph Henry Horwood (1841 – 17 April 1913) worked at the Bendigo Iron Works constructing mining equipment. He returned to Adelaide in 1867 to supply the Montacute goldmine with a ten head stamp battery, which he bought back the following year and installed at the Echunga goldmine. He then spent some time with his mining engineer brother John William Horwood in Castlemaine, Victoria before returning to Adelaide in 1872. He built a crushing plant in the Barossa Valley, then moved to Moonta to work on the copper mines, but withdrew in 1874 after being singled out for retribution for his part in suppressing the miners' strike.[11] On 18 March 1875 he married Maria Brooks, and in the same year started work for Francis Clark & Sons, managing their machinery dealership on Grenfell Street then Blyth Street which they sold in 1882. He took over Strapps' foundry in Currie Street,[12] then, with Samuel Strapps (c. 1840–1913), founded a machinery manufacturing and sales business in Currie Street, bringing foreman Thomas Ward with him.[13] Horwood's specialty was well-drilling and he built the first steam-powered rock drilling machine, as well as being a pioneer in tube-lined bores. His fence-wire tensioning device and windmills won several prizes at the Royal Agricultural and Horticultural Society shows. The business moved to Franklin Street in 1906 and became J. H. Horwood and Co. Ltd. in 1912.[14]

Joseph was a member of the Adelaide City Mission and the Flinders Street Baptist Church.[12]

Horwood Bagshaw Ltd.Edit

Joseph Henry's son, Horace R. Horwood (1885?–) was apprenticed to his father's company in 1903, and on completion became a salesman, selling farm machinery from the new Currie Street showrooms. In 1924, after acquiring J. S. Bagshaw & Sons Ltd, he was appointed General Sales Manager and director in the firm newly formed Horwood Bagshaw Ltd[14][15] and retired in 1953.[16]

Around 1960 the company acquired David Shearer Ltd of Mannum.


Horwood Bagshaw : 125 years progress, 1838–1963 Horwood Bagshaw Ltd, Adelaide, 1963


  1. ^ "Large Spur Wheel". South Australian Register. Adelaide. 11 February 1863. p. 2. Retrieved 29 January 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  2. ^ Advertisement South Australian Register 6 November 1866 p.1 Retrieved 19 June 2011
  3. ^ Colonial Iron Works South Australian Register 15 May 1869 p.2 Retrieved 19 June 2011
  4. ^ Miscellaneous South Australian Advertiser 27 May 1864 p.6 Retrieved 19 June 2011
  5. ^ "Death of Mr. Joel Horwood". Bendigo Advertiser. Vol. XLVIII, no. 14, 007. Victoria, Australia. 5 May 1900. p. 5. Retrieved 15 August 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
  6. ^ "Probate". The Bendigo Independent. No. 8334. Victoria, Australia. 30 May 1900. p. 4. Retrieved 14 August 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
  7. ^ "Founder makes an entrance | %Bendigo news%". Archived from the original on 18 August 2011. Retrieved 18 June 2011.
  8. ^ Sudden Death of Mr. E. J. Horwood Barrier Miner 14 November 1940 p.3 Retrieved 19 June 2011
  9. ^ Topics of the Day South Australian Advertiser 20 May 1869 p.2 Retrieved 19 June 2011
  10. ^ Personal The Argus (Melbourne) 28 September 1915 p.6 Retrieved 19 June 2011
  11. ^ "Intimidation at Moonta". South Australian Register. Adelaide. 7 May 1874. p. 4. Retrieved 21 January 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  12. ^ a b "Concerning People". The Register. Vol. LXXVIII, no. 20, 728. Adelaide. 18 April 1913. p. 4. Retrieved 15 August 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
  13. ^ Obituary The Advertiser 10 September 1927 p.16 Retrieved 16 June 2011
  14. ^ a b Cumming, D. A, Moxham, G They Built South Australia Published by the authors February 1986 ISBN 0-9589111-0-X
  15. ^ "Horwood Bagshaw Australia Limited - Corporate entry - Guide to Australian Business Records".
  16. ^ Horwood Bagshaw Limited The Advertiser 30 June 1954 Retrieved 17 January 2011