Honorary titles of Indian leaders

The following is the list of honorary titles given to various Indian leaders during Indian independence struggle.

Honorary title Meaning Statesman Photos
Azaad "The Freed Soul" (Urdu) Chandra Shekhar Tiwari[1][2] Chandrasekhar Azad.jpg
Bihar Kesari "Lion of Bihar" ( Hindi/Sanskrit)

"Bihar" = "Bihar state" and "Kesari" = "Lion"

Shri Krishna Sinha (Singh)[3][4] Shri Krishna Singh 2016 stamp of India.jpg
Bihar Vibhuti "Gem of Bihar" (Hindi).
"Bihar" = "Bihar state" and "Vibhuti" = "Gem"
Anugrah Narayan Sinha[5] Bihar Vibhuti Dr Anugrah Narayan Sinha,first Bihar Dy Chief Minister.jpg
Deen Bandhu "Friend of the Poor" (Bengali).
"Deen" = "poor" and "Bandhu" = "friend".
Charles Freer Andrews[6][7] C F Andrews.jpg
Desh Bandhu "Friend of country" (Bengali).
"Desh" = "country" and "Bandhu" = "friend".
Chittaranjan Das[8] Chittaranjan Das 2.jpg
Desh Nayak


"Leader of the country"

(Bengali) (Hindi).
"Desh" = "country" and "Nayak" = "Leader".

"Respected leader" (Bengali) (Hindi).
"Neta" = "leader" and "ji" = an honorary title.

Subhash Chandra Bose Subhas Chandra Bose NRB.jpg
Desh Priya "Beloved of the Country" (Bengali) (Hindi).
"Desh" = "country" and "Priya" = "loved".
Jatindra Mohan Sengupta[9] Deshapriya Jatindra Mohan Sengupta.jpg
Desh Ratna "Jewel of the Country" (Hindi).
"Desh" = "country" and "Ratna" = "jewel"
Rajendra Prasad[10][11] Rajendra Prasad (Indian President), signed image for Walter Nash (NZ Prime Minister), 1958 (16017609534).jpg



The Bard of Bengal

"Supreme teacher" (Bengali) (Hindi).
"Guru" = "teacher" and "dev" = "Respected person".
Rabindranath Tagore[12][13] Rabindranath Tagore unknown location.jpg
Lokmanya "Revered by the people" (Hindi).
"Lok" = "people" and "manya" = "Revered".
Bal Gangadhar Tilak[14] Lokmanya Gangadhar Tilak.jpg
Loknayak "Leader of the people" (Hindi).
"Lok" = "people" and "nayak" = "leader".
Jayaprakash Narayan[15][16] JPN57.webp
Mahamana "One with greatest thoughts" (Hindi).
"Mahan" = "great" and "Mann" = "thought/heart".
Madan Mohan Malaviya[17] Mahamana Malaviya.jpg
Mahatma "Great Soul" (Sanskrit).
"Maha" = "great" and "atma" = "soul".
Mahatma Gandhi[18] Mahatma-Gandhi, studio, 1931.jpg
Mahatma "Great Soul" (Sanskrit).
"Maha" = "great" and "atma" = "soul".
Jotirao Govindrao Phule[19][20] Mahatma Jotirao Phule.jpg
Maulana "Our lord" (Arabic). Abul Kalam Azad[21] Abul Kalam Azad 1.jpg


"Scholar" (Hindi)

"Uncle" (Hindi)

Jawaharlal Nehru[22][23] Jnehru.jpg
Punjab Kesari "Lion of Punjab" ( Hindi/Sanskrit)

"Punjab" = "Punjab state" and "Kesari" = "Lion"

Lala Lajpat Rai Mahatma Lala Lajpat Rai.jpg
Sardar "Commander" (Persian).
"Sar" = "head" and "dar" = "holder".
Vallabhbhai Patel[24][25] Sardar patel (cropped).jpg
Shaheed e Azam "Great martyr" (Urdu).
"Shaheed" = "martyr" and "Azam" = "Principal".
Bhagat Singh[26][27] Bhagat Singh 1929.jpg


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