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The Hong Kong 1956 riots were the result of escalating provocations between pro-Nationalist and pro-Communist factions in Hong Kong during Double Ten Day, 10 October 1956.[1]

Hong Kong 1956 riots
1956riot 03.jpg
Hong Kong police force dispatched its Anti-Riot Squad officers
Date10 October 1956
Resulted inRiots quelled
Parties to the civil conflict
Hong Kong 1956 riots
1956riot 04.jpg
Riot photos
Traditional Chinese雙十暴動
Literal meaningDouble Tenth riots

Most violence took place in the town of Tsuen Wan, five miles from central Kowloon. A mob stormed and ransacked a clinic and welfare centre, killing four people.[2]

The riots spread to other parts of Kowloon including along Nathan Road. By 11 October, some of the mob began targeting foreigners. Rioters in Kowloon turned over a taxi carrying the Swiss Vice Counsul Fritz Ernst and his wife on Nathan Road. The rioters doused the cab in gasoline and lit it on fire resulting in the death of the driver and Mrs. Ernst who succumbed to her injuries two days later.[3]

To quell the rioting, Colonial Secretary Edgeworth B. David ordered extra manpower from the British Forces Hong Kong, including armoured troops of 7th Hussars, to reinforce the Hong Kong Police and disperse the rioters.[2] In total, there were 59 deaths and approximately 500 injuries. Property damage was estimated at US$1,000,000.[1][4]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "" 雙十暴動:香港最血腥的一天. Retrieved on 7 July 2010.
  2. ^ a b "Hong Kong: Trouble on the Double Ten", Time Monday, 22 Oct. 1956
  3. ^ "Trouble on the Double Tenth: Riots, Fear And Sudden Death In Hong Kong" (PDF). The Pagoda Magazine. Vol. Vol. 17, No. 22. Jamaica BWI: Pagoda Ltd. 3 November 1956. p. 3, 15. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  4. ^ Chu, Yingchi. [2003] (2003). Hong Kong Cinema: Coloniser, Motherland and Self. Routledge publishing. ISBN 0-7007-1746-3