Homer Alfred Neal (June 13, 1942 – May 23, 2018) was an African-American particle physicist and a distinguished professor at the University of Michigan. Neal was President of the American Physical Society in 2016. He was also a board member of Ford Motor Company, a council member of the National Museum of African American History and Culture, and a director of the Richard Lounsbery Foundation. Neal was the interim President of the University of Michigan in 1996. Neal's research group works as part of the ATLAS experiment hosted at CERN in Geneva.
Homer Alfred Neal
|Died||May 23, 2018(aged 75)|
|Institutions||CERN, University of Michigan|
|Notable students||Marjorie Corcoran|
Neal grew up in highly segregated Franklin, Kentucky, and was forced by his neighbors there to break off relations with a white friend with whom he had bonded over a shared interest in ham radio. He received his B.S. in Physics from Indiana University in 1961, and earned his Ph.D. from the University of Michigan in 1966. From 1976 to 1981, Neal was Dean for Research and Graduate Development at Indiana University, and from 1981 to 1986 he was provost at the State University of New York at Stony Brook.
On 14 Nov 2009, Dr. Neal described the discoveries of spin at the University of Michigan (UM) with a presentation: History of Spin at Michigan.
Homer Neal was a notable figure in U.S. science policy. From 1980 to 1986, Neal served as a member of the National Science Board of the National Science Foundation, the federal agency responsible for the funding of basic research. While on the National Science Board he chaired the committee that produced the Board's first comprehensive report on undergraduate science education. He has also served as Chairman of the Physics Advisory Committee of the National Science Foundation. Over the course of his career, Neal has delivered testimony on numerous occasions to Congress.
Neal also served as Regent of the Smithsonian Institution and on numerous advisory committees for science, research and policy organizations including Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Argonne National Laboratory, the Board of the Center for Strategic and International Studies, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Fermilab, and others. He served as a member of the National Research Council Board on Physics and Astronomy and as a member of the American Physical Society (APS)'s Panel on Public Affairs. He was a recipient of the Society's Bouchet Award. He was an elected Fellow of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences
In 2013, Neal was elected to be the Vice-President of the American Physical Society, an association representing over 51,000 physicists in academia, national labs, and industry in the United States and worldwide. In 2015, he served as President-Elect and served as President of the APS in 2016. Homer Neal was a co-author of Beyond Sputnik: U.S. Science Policy in the 21st Century, a popular textbook and website on science policy. He served on the Advisory Board of the Journal of Science Policy & Governance.
In Apr 2014, colleagues and friends from around the world gathered at UM in Ann Arbor for a Homer Neal Symposium to honor Dr. Neal. The sessions focused on Neal's experiments at Brookhaven, Argonne, SLAC, Fermilab, and CERN, as well as his contributions to the US government as a member of the National Science Board, and to the Smithsonian Institution as a regent.
- "Obituary: Homer Neal | U-M LSA Physics". lsa.umich.edu. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
- "Homer A. Neal, Leader in Physics Who Explored Matter, Dies at 75". New York Times. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
- U.S. Congress Joint Committee on Atomic Energy; U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (1972). Hearings and Reports on Atomic Energy (Report). 158. U.S. GPO. p. 1,486. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
- "2016 APS President - Homer Neal". American Physical Society. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
- "Homer A. Neal, Biographical Summary". American Physical Society. Archived from the original on 14 April 2016. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- "Presidents of the University of Michigan". University of Michigan. Bentley Historical Library. Archived from the original on 2 February 2014. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- "2003 Edward A. Bouchet Award Recipient". American Physical Society. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- "Obituary: Dr. Homer Neal | Nie Family Funeral Home". Retrieved 31 May 2018.
- "Former National Science Board Members". nsf.gov. National Science Foundation. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
- "APS Members Elect Homer Neal to Presidential Line". aps.org. American Physical Society. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
| Interim President of the University of Michigan