History of the Jews in Monaco

The history of the Jews in Monaco goes back at least a century, most notably to the time of the Holocaust. Monaco had a very small Jewish presence before World War II, numbering approximately 300 people.[1] During the war, the principality's government issued false identity papers to its Jewish residents to protect them from Nazi deportation.[2] Prince Louis II refused to dismiss Jewish civil servants and protected Édouard de Rothschild from deportation.[3] However, Monaco's police arrested and turned over 42 Central European Jewish refugees to the Nazis.[1] 60 Jews were arrested Aug 27–28 in 1942, and 90 in total, according to "The Algemeiner".[4]

The location of Monaco (dark green, in circle) in Europe

In 1948, the Association Cultuelle Israelite de Monaco was founded as the official organization of Monaco's Jewish community, and it provides the community with a synagogue, Hebrew school and kosher food store.[2] Today's Jewish community in Monaco consists primarily of retirees from France and the United Kingdom, and there is also a small population of North African and Turkish Jews.[5]

While Monaco has almost no Jewish citizens, approximately 1,000 Jewish expatriates of other countries comprise about 2.86% of Monaco's total residents (citizen and non-citizen combined).[6] This means Monaco has the highest per capita total of Jewish residents of any country in the world outside Israel (though not the highest per capita number of Jewish citizens).

Monaco has full diplomatic relations with Israel.[2]

World War II monument and apologyEdit

In August 2015, Prince Albert II apologized for the role of Monaco in deporting Jews to Nazi Germany's concentration camps. A monument dedicated to Monaco Jews who were so deported was unveiled by the Prince during that occasion; it stands at the Monaco Cemetery.[7][8]

House of GrimaldiEdit

The daughter of Caroline, Princess of Hanover - Charlotte Casiraghi was in a relationship with Moroccan-Jewish stand-up comedian Gad Elmaleh, who had gained notoriety in France, Morocco and in the US.[9] They had a son Raphaël, who was born on 17 December 2013 and was baptized.[10][11] Since they were not married, Raphaël is not included in the line of succession to the Monegasque throne. The couple split in June 2015.[12]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Michael Curtis (2003). Verdict on Vichy. Arcade Publishing. p. 231. ISBN 1-55970-689-9.
  2. ^ a b c "The Virtual Jewish History Tour: Monaco". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
  3. ^ "Monaco". European Jewish Congress. Retrieved January 18, 2022.
  4. ^ "The Algemeiner".
  5. ^ "The Jewish Community of Monaco". Am Yisrael. Archived from the original on October 9, 2007. Retrieved March 6, 2008.
  6. ^ "The International Religious Freedom Report 2008: Monaco". United States Department of State. Retrieved December 13, 2009.
  7. ^ "Prince Albert apologises for Monaco's role in deporting Jews to Nazi camps". the Guardian. Associated Press. Retrieved August 28, 2015.
  8. ^ "Prince Albert of Monaco Apologizes for Nazi Deportation of Jews". The Forward. Retrieved December 27, 2020.
  9. ^ "Film fest gala a spicy melting pot for Sephardic Jews". Jewish Journal. November 17, 2010. Retrieved December 27, 2020.
  10. ^ Cohen, Anne. "Monaco Gets Its Own (Jewish) Royal Baby". The Forward. Retrieved December 27, 2020.
  11. ^ Cohen, Anne. "No Jewish Royal Baby — Gad Elmaleh's Son Baptized". The Forward. Retrieved December 27, 2020.
  12. ^ "Gad Elmaleh Confirms Split from Charlotte Casiraghi". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved December 27, 2020.