His Kind of Woman
His Kind of Woman is a 1951 American black-and-white film noir, starring Robert Mitchum and Jane Russell. The film features supporting roles by Vincent Price, Raymond Burr and Charles McGraw. The direction of the film, which was based on the unpublished story "Star Sapphie" by Gerald Drayson, is credited to John Farrow.
|His Kind of Woman|
theatrical release poster
|Directed by||John Farrow|
Richard Fleischer (uncredited)
|Produced by||Robert Sparks|
|Screenplay by||Frank Fenton|
Earl Felton (uncredited)
Howard Hughes (uncredited)
|Story by||Gerald Drayson Adams|
|Narrated by||Charles McGraw|
|Music by||Leigh Harline|
|Cinematography||Harry J. Wild|
|Edited by||Frederic Knudtson|
|Distributed by||RKO Radio Pictures|
|Box office||$2 million (US rentals)|
After Farrow had turned in what he thought was the finished film, RKO studio boss Howard Hughes intervened and caused extensive re-writes, re-casting, and re-shooting under the supervision of Richard Fleischer, whom Hughes coerced into cooperation by threatening not to release The Narrow Margin, a film that Fleischer had just finished for RKO. This post-production process took a great deal of time and money, costing about the same amount – $850,000 – as the film lost at the box office in its initial release.
Down on his luck, professional gambler Dan Milner (Robert Mitchum) accepts a mysterious job that will take him out of the country for a year but pays $50,000. He accepts a $5,000 down payment and tickets that will take him to an isolated Mexican resort, Morro's Lodge, where he will receive further instructions. Milner is attracted to the only other passenger on his chartered flight to the resort, Lenore Brent (Jane Russell). When he arrives, Milner finds that several guests at the luxurious Baja California resort have hidden agendas. He is disappointed to find that Lenore is the girlfriend of famous movie actor Mark Cardigan (Vincent Price).
Milner overhears two guests, self-proclaimed author Martin Krafft (John Mylong) and a man named Thompson (Charles McGraw), planning something which he suspects involves him. When Milner confronts them, he is given $10,000 and told that someone is on his way to Baja to see him. Seemingly drunk Bill Lusk (Tim Holt) flies in, despite warnings of very dangerous storm conditions. Milner thinks he must be the contact but when the two are alone, Lusk says he is an undercover agent for the Immigration and Naturalization Service. He tells Milner that the U.S. government suspects that underworld boss Nick Ferraro (Raymond Burr), deported to Italy four years earlier, is scheming to get back into the country posing as Milner. The two men are a close physical match and Milner is a loner, so no one is likely to miss him. Krafft turns out to be a plastic surgeon.
Cardigan's wife Helen (Marjorie Reynolds) and his personal manager Gerald Hobson (Carleton G. Young) show up. She had gone to Reno to get a divorce, though not really intending to go through with it, as she is still fond of her husband. Hobson also thinks it is a poor idea because Cardigan's film contract is expiring and the bad publicity would make it hard to get a new one. With her own plans ruined, Lenore confesses to Milner that she is really just a singer looking to hook a wealthy spouse. Milner shows his softer side when he helps unhappy newly wed Jennie Stone (Leslie Banning) by cheating at poker to win back her husband's gambling losses from investment broker Myron Winton (Jim Backus). Lusk sneaks into Thompson's room but is caught and killed. Milner and Lenore stumble upon his body dumped on the beach; Milner is convinced that the dead man must have been telling the truth.
That night, Thompson and his men take Milner to a yacht, recently arrived in the bay. Milner is able to pass along a veiled plea for help to Lenore. She persuades Cardigan, who is tired of just pretending to be a hero, to help out. While the actor keeps the mobsters pinned down with his hunting rifle, Milner sneaks back onto the boat, knowing that the only way out of his mess is to deal with Ferraro once and for all. He is caught and brought to the crime lord. After killing two of the thugs and wounding and capturing Thompson, Cardigan mounts a rescue with the reluctant assistance of the Mexican police and a couple of the more adventurous guests. A gunfight breaks out aboard the boat, followed by a melee. Milner manages to break free and shoot Ferraro dead. Cardigan and his wife are reconciled. Milner and Lenore end the film in a clinch.
- Robert Mitchum as Dan Milner
- Jane Russell as Lenore Brent
- Vincent Price as Mark Cardigan
- Tim Holt as Bill Lusk
- Charles McGraw as Thompson
- Marjorie Reynolds as Helen Cardigan
- Raymond Burr as Nick Ferraro
- Leslie Banning as Jennie Stone
- Jim Backus as Myron Winton
- Philip Van Zandt as Jose Morro, the resort's manager
- John Mylong as Martin Krafft
- Carleton G. Young as Gerald Hobson
- Paul Frees as Corley
- Anthony Caruso as Tony
- Robert Mitchum, who referred to himself as "The Tall Dog", called Jane Russell "Hard John" because of her strict, straight-laced religious beliefs. When a reporter question these in light of her image, she told the man "Christians can have big breasts too." Despite whatever sexual chemistry that Mitchum and Russell had on the screen, the two performers were, in fact, nothing more than friends.
- The film was a rare RKO role outside of Westerns for Tim Holt.
- Vincent Price throw a party on the set celebrating his one year anniversary on His Kind of Woman. Mitchum, on the other hand, snapped on the penultimate day of shooting during a fight scene, and started fighting for real with the stunt men who were man-handling him. He destroyed the set and all the lighting and sound equipment on the sound stage, all the while cursing out everyone involved with the production. One modern source claims that in Mitchum's fight scene with Raymond Burr, Burr actually knocked out Mitchum.
The film – which was at one stage known as Star Sapphire, the title of the unpublished story by Gerald Drayson it was based on – was announced in July 1949 with Jane Russell and Robert Mitchum already attached. For Howard Hughes, who owned RKO and acted as its executive producer, Mitchum and Russell were the epitome of sexual chemistry.
Robert Sparks was to produce and John Farrow to direct. Farrow had directed Mitchum in Where Danger Lives the year before, and the two had gotten along well. They expected His Kind of Woman to be a similar experience, shooting a straight-forward adventure thriller. However, Frank Fenton and Jack Leonard, who co-write the screenplay, intended the film to be a send-up of the dark film noir crime movies which were popular at the time. The primary conduit of the comedy of the film was the character of the ham Shakespearean actor Mark Cardigan, played by Vincent Price.
Russell and Mitchum were promptly re-teamed in the 1951 film Macao RKO were so pleased with Price's performance in His Kind of Woman that they signed him to a non-exclusive contract as a writer and director. In May 1951 it was announced further retakes would be done for the film.
Howard Hughes, the Texas billionaire who had bought RKO Pictures in 1948, loved Vincent Price's character, and demanded of director John Farrow that it be expanded. Farrow, however, had delivered a film he believed to be finished, and refused to make Hughes' changes, leaving the production. Hughes then asked Richard Fleischer to change and reshoot the ending, estimating that the reshoot would take ten days or two weeks.
Fleischer had just finished making a B movie for RKO, The Narrow Margin, which Hughes and other RKO executives thought was something special, which was the reason that Hughes had approached Fleischer. When Fleischer turned down Hughes' request to reshoot the ending of His Kind of Woman, the producer attempted to persuade him by offering Fleischer the chance to remake The Narrow Margin as an "A" film with a million dollar budget and RKO's top stars. Satisfied with the film he had made, Fleischer again refused, so Hughes then coerced his acceptance by threatening not to release The Narrow Margin at all. With Hughes having played this trump card, Fleischer gave in. Fleischer ending up reshooting most of the film during post-production, which he describes in detail in chapter five of his book Just Tell Me When To Cry.
Story conferences between Hughes, Fleischer and the writer Earl Felton, began on December 3, 1950, and took several months to complete. Because of Hughes' obsession with the film, especially its ending, the meetings lasted 7 or 8 hours each. Hughes demanded that the film have more slapstick comedy, more death and brutality, and more fighting. He also added the character of Martin Krafft, the sadistic German plastic surgeon. Hughes wrote all of Krafft's lines, tape recorded himself saying them, and then sent the recordings to the production to ensure that the part was played exactly as his envisaged it.
The changes added new action scenes on the yacht, a set of the bridge of which had been built for the original production. As action sequences were added in the rewrite, this set was expanded bit by bit to a set for a full size 150-foot yacht, including interiors. The yacht set was in a very large water tank on Stage 22 of the RKO Culver City lot, the biggest sound stage in Hollywood.
A new scene involved the sinking of a rowing boat; "After the boat reached a certain point, it had to sink fairly slowly, the water coming up to the chins of the smallest seated soldiers". This required that the tank with the yacht set be emptied, have a portion rebuilt to deepen it to accommodate the sinking as scripted and be refilled. Another new scene involved a massive brawl.
After two months of shooting and a month of editing, an hour and 20 minutes of new material had been added to the film. When Hughes viewed the new material, he decided that he did not like the original actor playing the character Ferraro, Lee Van Cleef, and ordered the scenes reshot. Robert J. Wilke was chosen for the reshoot after a careful search and screen tests; this second reshoot involved nearly every scene of the new material and a number of scenes earlier in the picture. Three quarters of the way through this second reshoot, Hughes saw Raymond Burr in a film and ordered Ferraro's scenes reshot again, this time using Burr in the part
In total, the reshooting of the film cost about $850,000 to complete – which, coincidentally was approximately the amount of money which the film lost in its initial 1951 release.
Hughes promoted the film with a giant firework-shooting billboard featuring Mitchum and Russell that spanned Wilshire Boulevard, proclaiming the two as "the hottest combination to ever hit the screen". The same image of the two actors later caused problems in London, as it was decided that too much of Russell's cleavage was showing.
Release and receptionEdit
His Kind of Woman was released a year after original director John Farrow had delivered the supposedly completed film.
The film recorded a loss of $825,000.
In a review of the film, the staff at Variety magazine lauded the pairing of Robert Mitchum and Jane Russell as the lead characters, writing, "[The] two strike plenty of sparks in their meetings as each waits out plot development ... Both Mitchum and Russell score strongly. Russell's full charms are fetchingly displayed in smart costumes that offer the minimum of protection. Much is made of Vincent Price's scenery-chewing actor character and much of it supplies relief to the film's otherwise taut development".
Critic Dennis Schwartz called the film, "An oddball tongue-in-cheek crime thriller, filled with ad-libs, from Howard Hughes' RKO studio that strays from its conventional film noir plot to try its hand at comedy". Schwartz also appreciated the acting, writing, "It's a part where Mitchum is perfectly at home with being a loner anti-hero and Russell is perfectly cast as the bouncy 'his kind of woman', who in the last shot kisses him while his pants are being scorched by the iron--a perfect metaphor to end on".
Linda Rasmussen liked Mitchum's performance but as a film noir proper gave the film a lackluster review, "As a serious film-noir thriller, it lacks suspense and depth. However, the film has its moments, and Robert Mitchum is in his element as the loner anti-hero". Jane Russell later said "It was a good film until they took John Farrow off and put in this nonsense at the end, the gore and [hypodermic] needles".
- Motion Picture Daily August 23, 1951
- American Film Institute entry
- 'The Top Box Office Hits of 1951', Variety, January 2, 1952.
- His Kind of Woman at the American Film Institute Catalog.
- Muller, Eddie (January 6, 2019) Intro to the Turner Classic Movie showing of His Kind of Woman
- Jewell, Richard & Harbin, Vernon. (1982) The RKO Story. New Rochelle, New York: Arlington House, 1982. p.259
- Muller, Eddie (January 6, 2019) Outro to the Turner Classic Movie showing of His Kind of Woman
- His Kind of Woman at the American Film Institute Catalog
- Brady, Thomas F. (December 23, 1949) "Deal as Director Made by Colbert" The New York Times
- Hopper, Hedda (July 21. 1949). "Looking at Hollywood" Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963)
- Staff (November 12, 1950) "Director and Players" Chicago Daily Tribune
- Brady, Thomas F. (December 12, 1950) "New Disney Movie is Nearly Finished" The New York Times
- L. S. (August 27, 1950). "Long Vacation Ended" The New York Times
- Staff (February 26, 1951) "Drama" Los Angeles Times
- Brady, Thomas F. (May 24, 1951) "Phyllis Thaxter Gets Movie Lead" The New York Times
- Fleischer 1993, p. 38
- Fleischer 1993, p. 49
- Fleischer 1993, p. 54
- Fleischer 1993, p. 56
- Fleischer 1993, p. 53
- Fleischer 1993, p. 62
- Fleischer 1993, pp. 62–65
- Staff (June 10, 1951) "28 stunt men required for mass movie brawl" Chicago Daily Tribune
- Fleischer 1993, pp. 69–70
- Fleischer 1993, pp. 71–72
- Fleischer 1993, p. 78
- Jewell, Richard B. (2016) Slow Fade to Black: The Decline of RKO Radio Pictures, Berkeley, California: University of California Press
- Variety. Staff film review, August 29, 1951. Last accessed: January 15, 2008.
- Schwartz, Dennis. Ozus' World Movie Reviews, film review, December 15, 2004. Last accessed: January 15, 2008.
- Rasmussen, Linda. His Kind of Woman at AllMovie. Last accessed: January 15, 2008.
- Peary, Gerald (July 1992). "Russell". Film Comment (28.4 ed.). p. 31.
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