Hip Sing Association
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The Hip Sing Association or HSA (traditional Chinese: 協勝公會; simplified Chinese: 协胜公会; Jyutping: Hip3 Sing3 Gung1wui6), formerly known as the Hip Sing Tong (Chinese: 協勝堂; Cantonese Yale: Hip Sing Tong), is a Chinese-American criminal organization/gang formed as a labor organization in New York City's Chinatown during the early 20th century (perhaps c. 1904). The Cantonese name "Hip Sing" (協勝) translates roughly to "cooperating for success." The Hip Sing Tong, along with their rivals the Four Brothers and the On Leong Tong, would be involved in violent Tong wars for control of Chinatown during the early 1900s. During the 1930s and 1940s, the Hip Sings were involved in drug trafficking operations with the Kuomintang (KMT) and later the Office of Policy Coordination (OPC). They would later establish chapters in Chinese-American communities throughout the United States in major cities such as Chicago, Seattle and San Francisco (the latter being subject to a major drug raid by authorities in 1996). Recently some branches have begun to transform back into the legitimate fraternal organization they started as over a century prior.
In the last fifty to sixty years, efforts began from within the group to clean up their public image by obfuscating their illegal activities, and in several chapters this would transform into a genuine attempt to become a purely law abiding organization. There were clear transfers of illegal activities to plausibly deniable associated street gangs, like in New York City where the Hip Sing Tong secretly used the Flying Dragons to carry out crimes in their stead. However, due to crackdowns, the links between the Hip Sing Association and their gangs become increasingly frayed and some sources believe that the gang had fully broken out of Hip Sing control as early as 1994 .
Since the late 1990s, branches of the group have turned their original attempts at plausible deniability into a genuine trend towards becoming fully law abiding fraternal organizations like other Tongs. The NYC HSA is a permanent member of the Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association and has gotten HSA officer Eric Ng elected president of the organization. Under his presidency the CCBA has specifically focused on public outreach and fostering direct cooperation between the CCBA and the NYPD to counter gangs and street crime , and members of the NYPD regularly appear at CCBANY-hosted public events to meet with Eric Ng and other members to discuss neighborhood issues and educate the public. 
However, other branches have seemingly remained involved with organized crime. In contrast to the positive public relationship between the NYC branch and the NYPD, as recently as 2018 a representative of the Chicago police refused to publicly discuss their cities' HSA chapter with a journalist due to "ongoing gang investigations". And on the West Coast the Portland branch was subject to a major anti-drug trafficking raid by authorities in July of 2012. The secretive nature of the group and apparent relative autonomy between chapters makes it difficult to determine how individual chapters actions reflect on the current trajectory of the group as a whole.
The Hip Sing Association has several branches in the United States including in:
- Boise, Idaho - 215 S Capitol Boulevard (defunct)
- Boston, Massachusetts - 162 Lincoln Street
- Chicago, Illinois - 1121 W Argyle Street Google Street View
- Cleveland, Ohio - 4301 Payne Avenue Google Street View
- Denver, Colorado - 238 Broadway (defunct)
- Doraville, Georgia - 5799 New Peachtree Road Google Street View
- Minneapolis, Minnesota - 2633 Nicollet Avenue Google Street View
- New York, New York - 16 Pell Street Google Street View
- Philadelphia, Pennsylvania - 938 Race Street Google Street View
- Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania - 529 2nd Avenue Google Street View
- Portland, Oregon - 211 NW 3rd Avenue Google Street View
- San Antonio, Texas - 1723 Bandera Road Google Street View
- San Francisco, California - 761 Clay Street Google Street View
- Seattle, Washington - 420 8th Avenue S Google Street View
- Silver Spring, Maryland - 12705 New Hampshire Avenue Google Street View
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