Hibiscus coccineus

Hibiscus coccineus, the scarlet rosemallow,[3] is a hardy Hibiscus species that looks much like Cannabis sativa (marijuana). It is also known as Texas star, brilliant hibiscus, and scarlet hibiscus.

Hibiscus coccineus
Hibiscus coccineus1.jpg

Apparently Secure (NatureServe)[1]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Hibiscus
Species:
H. coccineus
Binomial name
Hibiscus coccineus
Synonyms[2]
  • Hibiscus semilobatus
Hibiscus coccineus - MHNT

The plant is found in swamps, marshes and ditches on the coastal plain of the Southeastern United States.[2] It is native from Southeastern Virginia south to Florida, then west to Louisiana. Despite its common name "Texas star", the plant is not found naturally in Texas. In addition to the scarlet flowering variety, a white flowering variety is also known as the white Texas star or lone star hibiscus.

DescriptionEdit

H. coccineus is a herbaceous perennial (it dies back during the winter) and grows 6–8 ft (1.8–2.4 m) tall.[4] The palmately compound leaves are 5–6 in (13–15 cm) wide.[5] It features bright scarlet flowers that have five petals and are reminiscent of hollyhock.[5] These flowers are attractive to hummingbirds, butterflies, and bees, including the specialized bee Ptilothrix bombiformis.[4] The plant prefers to be grown in full sun with moist soil.[6] It is hardy in USDA hardiness zones 6-9.[4]

The Latin specific epithet coccineus means "coloured or dyed scarlet".[7] The genus name is the old Greek and Latin name for "mallow".[5]

ReferencesEdit

 
Texas star hibiscus or scarlet rose mallow -- Hibiscus coccineus
 
White Texas star hibiscus -- Hibiscus coccineus 'Alba'
  1. ^ "NatureServe Explorer". Retrieved 2021-02-26.
  2. ^ a b "Hibiscus coccineus (Scarlet rosemallow)". Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. January 13, 2016. Retrieved February 26, 2021.
  3. ^ "Hibiscus coccineus". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  4. ^ a b c "Hibiscus coccineus (Red Hibiscus, Scarlet Rose Mallow) | North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox". plants.ces.ncsu.edu. Retrieved 2021-02-26.
  5. ^ a b c "Hibiscus coccineus - Plant Finder". www.missouribotanicalgarden.org. Retrieved 2021-02-26.
  6. ^ "Hibiscus coccineus". www.tropicalbritain.co.uk. Retrieved 2021-02-26.
  7. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for Gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. ISBN 978-1845337315.