The plant is found in swamps, marshes and ditches on the coastal plain of the Southeastern United States. It is native from Southeastern Virginia south to Florida, then west to Louisiana. Despite its common name "Texas star", the plant is not found naturally in Texas. In addition to the scarlet flowering variety, a white flowering variety is also known as the white Texas star or lone star hibiscus.
H. coccineus is a herbaceous perennial (it dies back during the winter) and grows 6–8 ft (1.8–2.4 m) tall. The palmately compound leaves are 5–6 in (13–15 cm) wide. It features bright scarlet flowers that have five petals and are reminiscent of hollyhock. These flowers are attractive to hummingbirds, butterflies, and bees, including the specialized bee Ptilothrix bombiformis. The plant prefers to be grown in full sun with moist soil. It is hardy in USDA hardiness zones 6-9.
- "NatureServe Explorer". Retrieved 2021-02-26.
- "Hibiscus coccineus (Scarlet rosemallow)". Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. January 13, 2016. Retrieved February 26, 2021.
- "Hibiscus coccineus". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
- "Hibiscus coccineus (Red Hibiscus, Scarlet Rose Mallow) | North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox". plants.ces.ncsu.edu. Retrieved 2021-02-26.
- "Hibiscus coccineus - Plant Finder". www.missouribotanicalgarden.org. Retrieved 2021-02-26.
- "Hibiscus coccineus". www.tropicalbritain.co.uk. Retrieved 2021-02-26.
- Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for Gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. ISBN 978-1845337315.
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